Legal and institutional framework for statistical agencies in the united states
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Legal and Institutional Framework for Statistical Agencies in the United States. Nancy M. Gordon Associate Director for Strategic Planning and Innovation U.S. Census Bureau. IAOS Workshop on Governance October 19, 2010. U.S. Federal Statistical System.

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Legal and Institutional Framework for Statistical Agencies in the United States

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Legal and institutional framework for statistical agencies in the united states

Legal and Institutional Framework for Statistical Agencies in the United States

Nancy M. Gordon

Associate Director for Strategic Planning and Innovation

U.S. Census Bureau

IAOS Workshop on Governance

October 19, 2010


U s federal statistical system

U.S. Federal Statistical System

More decentralized than in many countries

13 principal statistical agencies

About 70 more agencies that produce some statistical products

Coordinated by the Chief Statistician in the Executive Office of the President/OMB

Governed by laws, regulations, and directives

Some apply government-wide; others are specific to one or a few agencies

1


Responsibilities and authorities of statistical agencies

Responsibilities and Authorities of Statistical Agencies

Protect confidentiality of respondents

Keep burden on respondents as low as possible, while meeting country’s needs for information

Produce accurate, relevant, objective, timely, and accessible information

Collect data for statistical purposes, including for other government agencies

Obtain confidential administrative records from other agencies

2


Responsibilities and authorities of chief statistician

Responsibilities and Authorities of Chief Statistician

Coordinate system to ensure efficiency and effectiveness

Chair interagency council advising Director of OMB

Coordinate and review agencies’ budgets for consistency with system-wide priorities

Develop and oversee implementation of government-wide standards for all aspects of statistical work

Report to the Congress annually on funding and staffing

Coordinate U.S. international participation

3


Omb directives on disseminating public use statistical products

OMB Directives on Disseminating Public-use Statistical Products

  • Goal: timely, transparent, equitable,

  • and policy-neutral releases

  • Release data as soon as possible

  • Press releases must be written by the agency producing the data

  • Clear distinction between statistical release and any policy comment

  • Announce timing of future releases in advance

4


Specific requirements to ensure integrity and objectivity

Specific Requirements to Ensure Integrity and Objectivity

  • Other Statistical Products

  • No specific requirement

  • Agency head decides who has advance access

  • Officials may comment immediately

  • Approximate date of release

  • Principal Economic Indicators

  • Within 22 working days for monthly and quarterly releases

  • Only President (through CEA Chair) has advance access

  • No public comment by officials within first hour after release

  • Schedule includes exact date and time of release


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