Hoy 2003. What is Organizational Theory?. A set of interrelated concepts, assumptions, and generalizations that describes and explains patternsof behavior in organizations.. Elements of Theory:ConceptsGeneralizations Assumptions. Purposes of Theory:Provide an explanation of how things generally work.Guide researchGuide practice.
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3. © Hoy 2003 Theoretical System
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8. © Hoy 2003 Open System with Feedback Loops
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11. © Hoy 2003 Internal Elements of the System
12. © Hoy 2003 Social System Model for Schools
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16. © Hoy 2003 The Triadic Relations of Theory, Practice, and Research Theory, research, and practice are in a dynamic relationship. Each set of relationships is reciprocal: theory guides practice, but practice reinforces, refines, or disconfirms theory; theory guides research, but research creates and refines theory; and research guides practice, but practice directs research.
17. © Hoy 2003 Theory into Practice Applications Name the people who have formal authority over teachers in your school? What are their formal positions? How much authority do they have and how do they exert it? Give specific examples. Describe the division of labor and specialization in your school. Is there a narrow or broad span of control? How much autonomy do teachers have to make their own decisions? How would you characterize the formal organization of your school?
Name the people who have informal authority but no formal authority? Where do they get their influence? What are the important informal norms in your school? How do the formal and informal leaders interact? Do they cooperate or compete? Give some examples. How much conflict exists between the formal and informal? Give examples of conflict. Describe the grapevine. How would you characterize the informal organizations of your school?