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Mendelian History. Terms for squares. Human genetics. Punnett Squares. Other Terms. 10 pt. 10 pt. 1 0pt. 10 pt. 10 pt. 20 pt. 20 pt. 20 pt. 20 pt. 20 pt. 30 pt. 30 pt. 30 pt. 30 pt. 30 pt. 40 pt. 40 pt. 40 pt. 40 pt. 40 pt. 50 pt. 50 pt. 50 pt. 50 pt. 50 pt.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

MendelianHistory

Terms for

squares

Human

genetics

Punnett

Squares

Other

Terms

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slide2

Mendelian History 10

Mendel worked with this type of plant.

slide3

Mendelian History 10

What is the pea plant?

slide4

Mendelian History 20

Mendel’s vocation (job) made him one of these.

slide5

Mendelian History 20

What is a monk?

slide6

Mendelian History 30

One of Mendel’s principles states that some alleles are _________ while others are _________.

slide7

Mendelian History 30

What are dominant and recessive?

slide8

Mendelian History 40

One of Mendel’s principles states the inheritance of biological characteristics is determined by _______ that we get from our parents.

slide9

Mendelian History 40

What are genes?

slide10

Mendelian History 50

What does it mean for a plant to be pure breeding?

slide11

Mendelian History 50

2 of the same alleles

homozygous

slide12

Terms for squares 10

This describes a genotype whose alleles are identical.

slide13

Terms for squares 10

What is homozygous?

slide14

Terms for squares 20

This describes the weaker of two alleles – the one that is masked.

slide15

Terms for squares 20

What is recessive?

slide16

Terms for squares 30

This is a physical description of a trait based on the genotype of an organism.

slide17

Terms for squares 30

What is the phenotype?

slide18

Terms for squares 40

This is one form of a gene.

slide19

Terms for squares 40

What is an allele?

slide20

Terms for squares 50

This describes two similar chromosomes that line up together during metaphase I.

slide21

Terms for squares 50

What is homologous?

slide22

Human genetics 10

A word to describe a cell having chromosomes in pairs (double).

slide23

Human genetics 10

What is a diploid?

slide24

Human genetics 20

This type of inheritance results in offspring who have a mix of the two traits. (Red + white = pink)

slide25

Human genetics 20

What is incomplete dominance?

slide26

Human genetics 30

This type of inheritance takes more than one pair of genes to code for the trait.

slide27

Human genetics 30

What is polygenic?

slide28

Human genetics 40

How many chromosomes are in your blood cells? Are they haploid or diploid?

slide30

Human genetics 50

Which parent determines the sex of the child & why?

slide32

Punnett Squares 10

Green (G) is dominant over white (g) and round (R) is dominant over wrinkled (r).

What is the genotype of an individual heterozygous for both traits?

slide33

Punnett Squares 10

What is GgRr?

slide34

Punnett Squares 20

What is the probability of offspring having the recessive phenotype when homozygous dominant is crossed with homozygous recessive.

BB x bb

slide36

Punnett Squares 30

What are the gametes that are formed from an individual with the genotype GgRr?

slide37

Punnett Squares 30

GR, Gr, gR, and gr?

slide38

Punnett Squares 40

This type of cross has 16 possible outcomes.

slide39

Punnett Squares 40

What is a dihybrid cross?

slide40

Punnett Squares 50

  • What are the genotypes found in the offspring for parents: Rr x Rr
      • RR=___%
      • Rr=___%
      • rr=___%
slide41

Punnett Squares 50

RR=25%

Rr=50%

rr=25%

slide42

Other Terms 10

This is a haploid cell used in sexual reproduction.

slide43

Other Terms 10

What is a gamete, egg, or sperm cell?

slide44

Other Terms 20

This term describes a type of cell reduction division that results in 4 haploid cells.

slide45

Other Terms 20

What is meiosis?

slide46

Other Terms 30

This is one instruction found on the DNA.

slide47

Other Terms 30

What is a gene?

slide48

Other Terms 40

During which phase of meiosis do spindle fibers separate the homologous chromosomes?

slide49

Other Terms 40

Anaphase I

slide50

Other Terms 50

This term describes 4 chromatids that join together during prophase I

slide51

Other Terms 50

What is a tetrad?

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