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The NEW DEAL. 1932 Presidential Election. 1928. 1932. 1936. 1940. Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) (D-NY) Thirty-second POTUS 1933-1945. Governor of New York Crippled by polio as an adult. www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/warrenharding. FDR’s First Inaugural Address.

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The new deal

The NEW DEAL


1932 presidential election
1932 Presidential Election

1928

1932

1936

1940


Franklin d roosevelt fdr d ny thirty second potus 1933 1945
Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR)(D-NY)Thirty-second POTUS1933-1945

Governor of New York

Crippled by polio as an adult

www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/warrenharding


Fdr s first inaugural address
FDR’s First Inaugural Address

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=amNpxQANk0M


The new deal1
The “New Deal”

The “3 R’s”

R

R

R

ELIEF

ECOVERY

EFORM



Fdr s alphabet soup
FDR’s “Alphabet Soup”

SEC

FDIC

CCC

AAA

PWA



A gricultural a djustment a ct
Agricultural Adjustment Act

THE PROBLEM:

Crop prices too low

THE SOLUTION:

Crop subsidies


N ational r ecovery a dministration
National Recovery Administration

Authorized the government and business leaders to develop

codes of fair competition


S ecurities and e xchange c ommission
Securities and Exchange Commission



P ublic w orks a dministration
Public Works Administration

Construction Projects


C ivilian c onservation c orps
Civilian Conservation Corps

State and National Parks

Table Rock State Park


T ennessee v alley a uthority
Tennessee Valley Authority

Rural Electrification

Public Utilities


The second new deal 1935 1936
The “Second New Deal”1935-1936

National Labor Relations

(Wagner) Act

Pro-labor Union Legislation

National Labor Relations Board (NLRB)

  • Social Security Act

  • (SSA)

    • Old Age Pensions


Criticisms of the new deal
Criticisms of the New Deal

From the Right:

Too HOT!

From the Left:

Too COLD!

Sen. Huey P. Long (LA)

“Share Our Wealth”



Schechter poultry corp v u s 19351
Schechter Poultry Corp. v. U.S.1935

9-0

In favor of the Schechters

The NRA violated the Commerce Clause of the U.S. Constitution.

UNCONSTITUTIONAL


Commerce clause
Commerce Clause

INTERSTATE

“Horse and Buggy” Constitution


Court packing scheme
Court-packing Scheme

  • Independent Judiciary

  • FDR:

  • Add a justice for every member (up to six) over 70 years of age


FAIL

FDR’s first major legislative defeat

More Cartoons:

http://www.authentichistory.com/1930-1939/02-newdeal/5-courtpacking/


1936 presidential election
1936 Presidential Election

1928

1932

1936

1940


Fdr and race relations
FDR and Race Relations

New Deal Coalition

Included Southern Whites

Civil Rights Legislation


Fdr and race relations1
FDR and Race Relations

BUTNew Deal programs (e.g., CCC) provided unemployed African Americans with work.


The EOC

Let’s guess what the EOC makers are going to want to assess.


Unemployment
Unemployment

New Deal



GDP

New Deal


GDP

WWII


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