How to form the subjunctive mood
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How to form the subjunctive mood. The subjunctive mood is used a great deal in the Spanish language. For example, the subjunctive can help a person to talk about something wished for, something about which a person feels some special emotional reaction, or something that is not real in some way.

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How to form the subjunctive mood l.jpg
How to form the subjunctive mood

  • The subjunctive mood is used a great deal in the Spanish language. For example, the subjunctive can help a person to talk about something wished for, something about which a person feels some special emotional reaction, or something that is not real in some way.


Slide2 l.jpg

  • Before you see any examples of the subjunctive in action, you will learn the proper forms of this mood. This first section will simply teach you how to form the subjunctive.

  • Consider this section a boot camp for forming the subjunctive.

  • For now, all you will have to do is conjugate, memorize, conjugate, and then memorize some more.


Regular verbs l.jpg
Regular verbs you will learn the proper forms of this mood. This first section will simply teach you how to form the subjunctive.

-ar verbs: take off the “-ar” ending to the infinitive

Add “e, es, e, emos, éis, en”

-er/-ir verbs: take off the “-er/-ir” ending of the infinitive

Add “a, as, a, amos, áis, an”


Stem changing boot verbs l.jpg
Stem-changing (boot) verbs you will learn the proper forms of this mood. This first section will simply teach you how to form the subjunctive.

  • -ar and –er “boot” verbs

  • What happens with “boot” verbs in the subjunctive? –Ar and –Er “boot” verbs operate the same way “boot” verbs do in the present tense. The stem change occurs only inside the boot in the 1st, 2nd, 3rd person singular, and in the 3rd person plural.

  • The endings are typical subjunctive endings: -ar verbs “e, es, e, emos, éis, en”; -er verbs “a, as, a, amos, áis, an”


Examples l.jpg
Examples: you will learn the proper forms of this mood. This first section will simply teach you how to form the subjunctive.


Ir boot verbs l.jpg
-Ir boot verbs you will learn the proper forms of this mood. This first section will simply teach you how to form the subjunctive.

  • -ir “boot” verbs are a little bit different in the subjunctive.

  • The expected stem changes occur inside the boot (in the 1st, 2nd, 3rd person singular and in the person plural)

  • In addition, changes are required in the 1st person and 2nd person plural as well.

  • These special out of the boot changes are the same changes found with these –ir verbs in the 3rd person singular and plural of the preterite. (ex. Sentir = sintió; dormir= durmió)


Ir boot verbs7 l.jpg
-IR Boot Verbs you will learn the proper forms of this mood. This first section will simply teach you how to form the subjunctive.


Irregular verbs l.jpg
Irregular Verbs you will learn the proper forms of this mood. This first section will simply teach you how to form the subjunctive.

  • You remember that there were a number of verbs that had irregular conjugations in the present tense in the 1st person singular (ex. oigo, quepo, veo, etc…).

  • Because the subjunctive generally builds on the 1st person singular, you will notice those irregularities played out in every form of the subjunctive.


Irregulars l.jpg
Irregulars: you will learn the proper forms of this mood. This first section will simply teach you how to form the subjunctive.

  • Caber = quep-

  • Caer = caig-

  • Decir = dig-

  • Hacer = hag-

  • Oir = oig-

  • Poner = pong- + opposite endings (-ar)

  • Salir = salg- (e, es, e, emos, éis, en)

  • Tener = teng-

  • Valer = valg-

  • Venir = veng-

  • Ver = ve-


Verbs with special spelling changes l.jpg
Verbs with special spelling changes: you will learn the proper forms of this mood. This first section will simply teach you how to form the subjunctive.


Super irregulars l.jpg
Super-irregulars you will learn the proper forms of this mood. This first section will simply teach you how to form the subjunctive.

  • Finally, there are 6 verbs whose subjunctive forms are just “locas.” They are not built upon the 1st person singular of the present tense.

  • You will have to memorize these special verbs.


Now that you know the conjugations for the subjunctive mood conjugate the following verbs l.jpg
Now that you know the conjugations for the subjunctive mood conjugate the following verbs:

  • Caminar

  • Meter

  • Subir

  • Sentar

  • Mover

  • Dormir

  • Tener

  • Salir

  • Conocer

  • Pagar

  • Dirigir

  • Buscar

  • Ir

  • Ser

  • Saber


Caminar l.jpg
Caminar conjugate the following verbs:

  • Camine Caminemos

  • Camines Caminéis

  • Camine Caminen


Meter l.jpg
Meter conjugate the following verbs:

  • Meta Metamos

  • Metas Metáis

  • Meta Metan


Subir l.jpg
Subir conjugate the following verbs:

  • Suba Subamos

  • Subas Subáis

  • Suba Suban


Sentar l.jpg
Sentar conjugate the following verbs:

  • Siente Sentemos

  • Sientes Sentéis

  • Siente Sienten


Mover l.jpg
Mover conjugate the following verbs:

  • Mueva Movamos

  • Muevas Mováis

  • Mueva Muevan


Dormir l.jpg
Dormir conjugate the following verbs:

  • Duerma Durmamos

  • Duermas Durmáis

  • Duerma Duerman


Tener l.jpg
Tener conjugate the following verbs:

  • Tenga Tengamos

  • Tengas Tengáis

  • Tenga Tengan


Salir l.jpg
Salir conjugate the following verbs:

  • Salga Salgamos

  • Salgas Salgáis

  • Salga Salgan


Conocer l.jpg
Conocer conjugate the following verbs:

  • Conozca Conozcamos

  • Conozcas Conozcáis

  • Conozca Conozcan


Pagar l.jpg
Pagar conjugate the following verbs:

  • Pague Paguemos

  • Pagues Paguéis

  • Pague Paguen


Dirigir l.jpg
Dirigir conjugate the following verbs:

  • Dirija Dirijamos

  • Dirijas Dirijáis

  • Dirija Dirijan


Buscar l.jpg
Buscar conjugate the following verbs:

  • Busque Busquemos

  • Busques Busquéis

  • Busque Busquen


Slide26 l.jpg
Ir conjugate the following verbs:

  • Vaya Vayamos

  • Vayas Vayáis

  • Vaya Vayan


Slide27 l.jpg
Ser conjugate the following verbs:

  • Sea Seamos

  • Seas Seáis

  • Sea Sean


Saber l.jpg
Saber conjugate the following verbs:

  • Sepa Sepamos

  • Sepas Sepáis

  • Sepa Sepan


Slide29 l.jpg
Write the forms of the subjunctive mood that corresponds to these verb forms of the present indicative tense.

  • Comen Dormimos

  • Piden Buscan

  • Protegen Va

  • Se sienten Son

  • Podemos Comienzan

  • Morimos Dices

  • Enciendo Vemos

  • Cerráis Pago

  • Pedís Tienes


Answers l.jpg
Answers: these verb forms of the present indicative tense.

  • Coman Durmamos

  • Pidan Busquen

  • Protejan Vaya

  • Se sientan Sean

  • Podamos Comiencen

  • Muramos Digas

  • Encienda Veamos

  • Cerréis Pague

  • Pidáis Tengas


From which infinitives did the following subjunctive forms come l.jpg
From which infinitives did the following subjunctive forms come?

  • Sean Muramos

  • Tengan Oigan

  • Se sientan Practiquen

  • Compréis Sepas

  • Conozcáis Des


Answers32 l.jpg
Answers: come?

  • Ser Morir

  • Tener Oír

  • Sentirse Practicar

  • Comprar Saber

  • Conocer Dar


The subjunctive mood after indirect commands l.jpg
The Subjunctive mood after indirect commands come?

  • An indirect command features a main clause that asks someone to do something, and a dependent clause (the part of the sentence that follows the word “que”) that mentions the action that the speaker wants the other person to do.

  • The subjunctive is used in that dependent clause because the action being described has not happened yet.

  • There is a certain level of uncertainty inherent in the sentence, and the use of a verb in the subjunctive mood helps to express that uncertainty.


Examples34 l.jpg
Examples: come?

  • Quiero que mi amiga baile conmigo esta noche.

  • I want my friend to dance with me tonight.


Slide35 l.jpg


Slide36 l.jpg


Slide37 l.jpg

  • In all of the previous sentences, the action in the dependent clause hasn’t happened yet.

  • It is not verifiable.

  • For example, in the first sentence, I want my friend to dance with me, but she just might not.

  • In sentence 2, my mom wants us to eat the salad first, but we may choose to eat dessert first.

  • In the third sentence, we ask the officials to write us later, but maybe they will choose to write us now or not at all.

  • The subjunctive beautifully helps to convey that level of uncertainty.


Slide38 l.jpg
Common verbs that express commands that would be found in the main clause of these types of sentences.

  • Decir Pedir(i)

  • Dejar(to allow, permit) Permitir

  • Desear Preferir(ie)

  • Esperar Prohibir

  • Exigir(to demand) Querer(ie)

  • Hacer Recomendar (ie)

  • Insistir en (to insist on) Rogar(to beg)(ue)

  • Mandar(to order) Sugerir(to suggest)(ie)


Here is a review of the formula found in this section l.jpg
Here is a review of the the main clause of these types of sentences.“formula” found in this section:

  • Subject #1 + verb #1 + que + subject #2 + verb #2

  • The first person (subject #1) wants, wishes, insists, suggests (verb #1) that (que) (subject #2) do something (verb #2)


Translate the following sentences into spanish l.jpg
Translate the following sentences into Spanish. the main clause of these types of sentences.

  • 1. I’m telling you to shut your mouth immediately!

  • 2. My friends recommend that I return home immediately.

  • 3. My grandmother wants me to see the film “Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone” with her.

  • 4. My girlfriend insists that I wear a white suit at our wedding, but the idea doesn’t appeal to me at all.

  • 5. The sergeant orders us to write down the orders in a notebook.

  • 6. That cook prohibits me from making bread in her kitchen.

  • 7. The boys are begging that the witnesses tell the truth.


Slide41 l.jpg

  • ¡ the main clause of these types of sentences.Te digo que cierres la boca inmediatamente!

  • Mis amigos recomiendan que vuelva a casa enseguida.

  • Mi abuela quiere que yo vea la pelicula “Harry Potter and the Socerer’s Stone” con ella.

  • Mi novia insiste en que yo lleve un traje blanco en la boda (a nuestra boda), pero no me apetece nada la idea.

  • El sargento nos manda que escribamos las órdenes en un cuaderno.

  • Esa cocinera prohibe que yo haga pan en su cocina.

  • Los chicos ruegan que los testigos digan la verdad.


El fin l.jpg
El Fin the main clause of these types of sentences.

Information cited from:Conner, John Breaking the Spanish Barrier 2006


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