Composition
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Composition. The arrangement and relationship of the different parts that make up the whole image. Photographic Composition. The arrangement and relationship of the different parts within the frame of the camera’s viewfinder. Challenges. Where place the subject

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Composition

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Composition

Composition

The arrangement and relationship of the different parts that make up the whole image.


Photographic composition

Photographic Composition

  • The arrangement and relationship of the different parts within the frame of the camera’s viewfinder.


Challenges

Challenges

  • Where place the subject

  • Emphasize or deemphasize subject?

  • Edward Weston described composition as “the strongest way of seeing”

Edward WestonPepper No. 30 (1930)


Goal of art

Goal of Art

  • Communicate an idea, an emotion, or an experience to the viewer

Alfred Stieglitz- Snapshot, Paris (1911)


Space figure ground

Space-Figure-Ground

  • Three fundamental components of composition:

    • Division of Space

    • Figure

    • Ground

Robert Mapplethorpe- Orchid and Leaf in White Vase (1982)


Space

Space

  • Refers to the three dimensional illusion of depth in an image

    AND

  • the two dimensional arrangement of objects in a photograph

Alfred Stieglitz - Flatiron Building (1903)


Space positive negative

Space: Positive/Negative

  • A division of space

  • Figure and ground


Fill the frame

Fill the frame

  • Everything within the frame is there for a reason

  • Does not mean that there should not be any empty space

  • Sometimes the negative space is what makes the picture

Singer Sargent. The Daughters of Edward D. Boit. 1882. Oil on canvas. The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA, USA


Fill the frame1

Fill the Frame

  • Moving in close gets rid of all elements that take away from the subject.

  • Get the subject into the frame so there is no doubt what the photo is all about.

Joel Meyerowitz- Porch, Provincetown (1977)


Fill the frame2

Fill the Frame

  • Moving in close gets rid of all elements that take away from the subject.

  • Get the subject into the frame so there is no doubt what the photo is all about.

  • “If you're pictures are not good enough, they you're probably not close enough.”- Robert Capa, a WWII photojournalist

Ansel Adams- Oak Tree, Snowstorm,

Yosemite National Park (1948)


Framing

Framing

  • Frame picture in viewfinder

  • What should be included/excluded


Fill the frame3

Fill the Frame

  • When you see a composition you like, forget what the subject is and look at it spatially.

  • Is there an area that does not add to the whole?


Composition

FRAMINGThe photographer stepped back slightly and allowed the books to be included for impact.


Figure ground relationship

Figure Ground Relationship


Things to remember

Things to remember

  • Decide what is the figure and what is the ground


Things to remember1

Things to remember

  • Put something in the foreground.

  • Pictures with a sense of depth tend to be more interesting than those that look flat

Alfred Stieglitz - Flatiron Building (1903)


Things to remember2

Things to remember

  • Avoid joins.


Composition techniques strong focal point

Composition TechniquesStrong Focal Point

SIMPLICITY: An uncluttered background allows the subject filling the frame to command attention.


The rule of thirds

The Rule of Thirds

  • Based on the Golden Mean


Composition techniques center of interest

Composition TechniquesCenter of Interest

  • The primary subject catches readers’ attention first and should be the focal point within the photo.


Composition

RULE OF THIRDS:Visual “hot spots” are created where vertical and horizontal guides intersect.


Composition techniques subject positioning

Put your subject near one of the four intersections

Composition TechniquesSubject Positioning


Composition

DIMENSION: Selective focus adds depth to this photo taken from the perspective of the subject.


Composition techniques subject positioning1

Positioning of horizon line along one of the thirds

Composition TechniquesSubject Positioning


Composition techniques subject positioning2

Composition TechniquesSubject Positioning


Composition

Consider shooting from a higher or lower vantage point for a unique PERSPECTIVE..


Composition

CENTER OF ATTENTION:Playground equipment frames the subject, who unaware of the photographer.


Composition

TEXTURE: The white cream adds texture and dimension to this image captured at a pie toss.


Composition techniques center of interest1

Composition TechniquesCenter of Interest

  • The primary subject catches readers’ attention first and should be the focal point within the photo.


Composition techniques leading lines

Composition TechniquesLeading Lines

  • Real or imaginary lines in a photo direct attention to the center of interest.


Composition

The rope acts as a LEADING LINE, pointing to the main subjectas he struggles to avoid the water.


Composition techniques repetition of patterns

Composition TechniquesRepetition of Patterns

  • Texture or line repeatsin the foreground or background in a photo.

SNAPSHOT: While photojournalistic images are the best, sometimes posed photos tell interesting stories.


Composition

REPETITION: The repeating colors and the same happy reaction add interest to the photo.


Composition

PERSONAL: Focusing on people makes photographs of events, like a college fair, more compelling.


Composition

FRESH:The photographer avoids a trite blood drive photo by shooting from an aerial perspective.


Composition

GET CLOSE: Sidelines photos show another dimension of the game and allow for close-ups.


Composition

EMOTION IN MOTION:Win or lose, there is plenty of human drama to photograph when shooting sports.


Composition

TRIUMPH: Smiles and embraces tell the story. The ball provides necessary content to the image.


Composition

DETAILS: While faces are important, the lab equipment and hands are also a storytelling focal point.


Composition

The photographer’s ANGLE allows for the paper and pen to be included for detail.


Composition

Bird’s-eye view is a high-to-low angle


Composition

Worm’s-eye view is a low-to-high angle.


Composition

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