Composition
Download
1 / 50

Composition - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 83 Views
  • Uploaded on

Composition. The arrangement and relationship of the different parts that make up the whole image. Photographic Composition. The arrangement and relationship of the different parts within the frame of the camera’s viewfinder. Challenges. Where place the subject

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Composition' - heulwen-evans


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Composition

Composition

The arrangement and relationship of the different parts that make up the whole image.


Photographic composition
Photographic Composition

  • The arrangement and relationship of the different parts within the frame of the camera’s viewfinder.


Challenges
Challenges

  • Where place the subject

  • Emphasize or deemphasize subject?

  • Edward Weston described composition as “the strongest way of seeing”

Edward WestonPepper No. 30 (1930)


Goal of art
Goal of Art

  • Communicate an idea, an emotion, or an experience to the viewer

Alfred Stieglitz- Snapshot, Paris (1911)


Space figure ground
Space-Figure-Ground

  • Three fundamental components of composition:

    • Division of Space

    • Figure

    • Ground

Robert Mapplethorpe- Orchid and Leaf in White Vase (1982)


Space
Space

  • Refers to the three dimensional illusion of depth in an image

    AND

  • the two dimensional arrangement of objects in a photograph

Alfred Stieglitz - Flatiron Building (1903)


Space positive negative
Space: Positive/Negative

  • A division of space

  • Figure and ground


Fill the frame
Fill the frame

  • Everything within the frame is there for a reason

  • Does not mean that there should not be any empty space

  • Sometimes the negative space is what makes the picture

Singer Sargent. The Daughters of Edward D. Boit. 1882. Oil on canvas. The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA, USA


Fill the frame1
Fill the Frame

  • Moving in close gets rid of all elements that take away from the subject.

  • Get the subject into the frame so there is no doubt what the photo is all about.

Joel Meyerowitz- Porch, Provincetown (1977)


Fill the frame2
Fill the Frame

  • Moving in close gets rid of all elements that take away from the subject.

  • Get the subject into the frame so there is no doubt what the photo is all about.

  • “If you're pictures are not good enough, they you're probably not close enough.”- Robert Capa, a WWII photojournalist

Ansel Adams- Oak Tree, Snowstorm,

Yosemite National Park (1948)


Framing
Framing

  • Frame picture in viewfinder

  • What should be included/excluded


Fill the frame3
Fill the Frame

  • When you see a composition you like, forget what the subject is and look at it spatially.

  • Is there an area that does not add to the whole?


FRAMINGThe photographer stepped back slightly and allowed the books to be included for impact.



Things to remember
Things to remember

  • Decide what is the figure and what is the ground


Things to remember1
Things to remember

  • Put something in the foreground.

  • Pictures with a sense of depth tend to be more interesting than those that look flat

Alfred Stieglitz - Flatiron Building (1903)


Things to remember2
Things to remember

  • Avoid joins.


Composition techniques strong focal point
Composition TechniquesStrong Focal Point

SIMPLICITY: An uncluttered background allows the subject filling the frame to command attention.


The rule of thirds
The Rule of Thirds

  • Based on the Golden Mean


Composition techniques center of interest
Composition TechniquesCenter of Interest

  • The primary subject catches readers’ attention first and should be the focal point within the photo.


RULE OF THIRDS:Visual “hot spots” are created where vertical and horizontal guides intersect.


Composition techniques subject positioning

Put your subject near one of the four intersections

Composition TechniquesSubject Positioning


DIMENSION: Selective focus adds depth to this photo taken from the perspective of the subject.


Composition techniques subject positioning1

Positioning of horizon line along one of the thirds

Composition TechniquesSubject Positioning


Composition techniques subject positioning2
Composition TechniquesSubject Positioning



CENTER OF ATTENTION: unique Playground equipment frames the subject, who unaware of the photographer.


TEXTURE: unique The white cream adds texture and dimension to this image captured at a pie toss.


Composition techniques center of interest1
Composition Techniques unique Center of Interest

  • The primary subject catches readers’ attention first and should be the focal point within the photo.


Composition techniques leading lines
Composition Techniques unique Leading Lines

  • Real or imaginary lines in a photo direct attention to the center of interest.


The rope acts as a unique LEADING LINE, pointing to the main subjectas he struggles to avoid the water.


Composition techniques repetition of patterns
Composition Techniques unique Repetition of Patterns

  • Texture or line repeatsin the foreground or background in a photo.

SNAPSHOT: While photojournalistic images are the best, sometimes posed photos tell interesting stories.


REPETITION: unique The repeating colors and the same happy reaction add interest to the photo.


PERSONAL: unique Focusing on people makes photographs of events, like a college fair, more compelling.


FRESH: unique The photographer avoids a trite blood drive photo by shooting from an aerial perspective.


GET CLOSE: unique Sidelines photos show another dimension of the game and allow for close-ups.


EMOTION IN MOTION: unique Win or lose, there is plenty of human drama to photograph when shooting sports.


TRIUMPH: unique Smiles and embraces tell the story. The ball provides necessary content to the image.


DETAILS: unique While faces are important, the lab equipment and hands are also a storytelling focal point.


The photographer’s unique ANGLE allows for the paper and pen to be included for detail.




0 unique

x

x


ad