The geography of china medieval period and modern day
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The Geography of China: Medieval Period and Modern Day. Learning Target: I will describe the geography of China and how it shaped life in the medieval period by writing a 2-3 sentence summary statement in my Cornell notes. (HSS 7.3). China’s Physical Geography.

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The Geography of China: Medieval Period and Modern Day

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The geography of china medieval period and modern day

The Geography of China:Medieval Period and Modern Day

Learning Target:

I will describe the geography of China and how it shaped life in the medieval period by writing a 2-3 sentence summary statement in my Cornell notes. (HSS 7.3)


China s physical geography

China’s Physical Geography

  • China makes up roughly 4 million sq. mi. (similar to the USA)

  • It comprises about 6.5 per cent of the world total land area.

  • Modern China is the third largest country in the world, just behind Russia and Canada.


Natural borders and landforms

Natural Borders and Landforms

The Gobi desert in northern China separates the country from its neighbors.

Eastern China has low-lying plains which form one of the largest farming regions.

The Pacific Ocean makes up the eastern border.

Rugged mountains make up western China.

Qinling Shandi, an important mountain range, separates N. China from S. China


Mountains

Mountains

  • China is a mountainous country.

  • Two-thirds of its total land area covered by mountains, hills and plateaus.

  • Out of the world's twelve high peaks of more than 8,000 meters, seven are located in China.

  • The Highest peak in the world, Mount Qomolangma (8,828m) stands on the border between China and Nepal.

  • There are five major mountain systems in China.

  • These mountain systems, together with numerous plateaus, basins, and plains are interwoven into three macrolandform complexes in China. Therefore, the topography of China is broadly arranged into four great steps.


Weather and temperature

Weather and Temperature

Different regions of China have different climates.

  • The Northeast has a cold and dry climate

  • The Northwest is made up of dry desert.

  • The Eastern Plains experience heavy rainfall.

  • The Southeast has a tropical climate. It is the wettest region. During the monsoon season they can get up to 250 inches of rain.


Rivers of china

Rivers of China

Rivers also play a major role in China, both for transportation and for irrigation.

Two major rivers flow west to east.

  • Huang He or Yellow River

    • Stretches 3000 mi across N. China

    • River often floods and leaves layers of silt

    • Nicknamed “China’s Sorrow” because these floods can be very destructive

  • Chang Jiang or Yangzi River

    • Cuts through central China

    • Third longest river in the world


What geographical features limited travel in medieval china

What geographical features limited travel in medieval China?

  • Mountains

  • Deserts

  • Rivers/Oceans


Resources

Resources

  • Most people in China still work as farmers or herders. Major crops include wheat and rice.

  • Fishing is also a major industry along the coasts.

  • China has considerable natural resources

    • Coal

    • Lead

    • Zinc

    • Copper

    • Tungsten

    • Gold.

    • Oil


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