Lecture 1 history of rocketry and the american space program
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Lecture 1: History of Rocketry and the American Space Program . Marat Kulakhmetov. We choose to go to the moon and do the other things n ot because they are easy but because they are hard. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g25G1M4EXrQ. The Origins.

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We choose to go to the moon and do the other Program things not because they are easy but because they are hard

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g25G1M4EXrQ


The origins
The Origins Program

  • Concepts required for rocket flight were developed in ancient times.

    • Archytas Wooden Pigeon

    • Hero Aeolipile

  • First true rockets were probably created by Chinese:

    • Gunpowder fireworks

    • Fire Arrows (1232 in a battle of Kai-Keng)

    • Wan-Hu rocket chair


Modern rocketry
Modern Rocketry Program

  • Konstantin Tsiolkovsky

    • A Russian school teacher developed “The Rocket Equation” and proposed to use rockets for space flight in 1898

    • He discovered the advantages of multiple stages

  • Robert H. Goddard

    • Published “ A Method of Reaching Extreme Altitudes” that described sounding rockets

    • In 1926 he flew the first liquid-propellant rocket that climbed only 12.5 m

    • He also developed jet vanes, guidance control and many other rocket systems

  • Dr. Werner Von Braun

    • Helped Develop the German V-2 Rocket

    • Was in charge of the American Space Program that lead to the Saturn V rocket


Space race
Space Race Program

Sputnik

April 12, 1961

Sputnik

October 4, 1957


Mercury 1 and 2
Mercury 1 and 2 Program

  • Mercury 1:

    • November 21, 1960

    • Four inch flight, improper launch pad separation

  • Mercury 1A

    • Successful spacecraft qualification

  • Mercury 2:

    • Jan 31, 1961

    • Flown by Ham the Chimp

    • Besides higher stresses and capsule taking on water Ham Survived


Mercury
Mercury Program


Alan shepard first american in space
Alan Program Shepard, First American in Space

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FdPlFM6hIIc

  • From Earth to the Moon


Gemini
Gemini Program

Titan II


Gemini 4
Gemini 4 Program

  • First space Walk, “ From The Earth to The Moon”

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ryEgx5iOdOA&feature=related


Gemini1
Gemini Program


Gemini 8 dealing with emergencies
Gemini 8, Dealing with Emergencies Program

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zvWBnkPvqME&feature=related


Apollo
Apollo Program

  • Part 3: Landing The Eagle, “When We Left Earth.”

  • 51 min


Apollo1
Apollo Program


Video
Video Program

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u1ssw5aJyrk&feature=related




Sky lab
Sky Lab Program

  • When Apollo was canceled, the last Saturn V rocket was used to launch Sky Lab

  • Performed scientific experiments and observations of Earth and Sun

  • Although 4 SL mission boost was expected to keep Skylab in orbit until STS (1980s), it actually re-entered in 1979


Space shuttle
Space Shuttle Program

  • Reusable launch system and orbital spacecraft

  • Flown in 1981-2011

  • Has a crew of 7

  • Used to launch satellites, planetary probes, telescopes, ISS, conduct experiments, etc.

  • The only vehicle capable of returning things from space


Shuttle launch
Shuttle Launch Program

  • Shuttle Takeoff

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zsJpUCWfyPE

  • Atlantis Landing

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YOxZsbyjSb8&feature=related


Shuttle losses
Shuttle Losses Program

  • Challenger – Jan 28, 1986

    • Due to cold weather an O-ring failed in flight allowing hot gasses to reach external tank

  • Columbia – Feb 1, 2003

    • On launch an ice fragment separated from the external tank and damaged the thermal protection system

    • Damaged thermal protection system failed during re-entry


International space station iss
International Space Station (ISS) Program

  • Largest space station ever constructed

  • 1998-2020

  • Laboratory, Observatory and servicing station

  • Partnership between USA

    Russia, Europe, and Japan

  • Mean orbit of 173 mi and it needs to be boosted to

    higher orbit a few times each

    year


Tour of the iss
Tour of the ISS Program

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H8rHarp1GEE

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MNQ8s2jnMTc&feature=related


The constellation program
The Constellation Program Program

  • Goals:

    • Replace STS for missions to ISS

    • Land on the moon by 2020

    • Land on mars by 2030

  • Components:

    • Ares I

    • Ares IV

    • Orion Spacecraft

    • Altair Lander (x4.5 than LM)


The future
The Future Program

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VYaNE49vv9I&feature=channel_video_title


What is in the future what should us do what should the humanity do why should we go to space
What is in the future? Program What should US do?What should the humanity do?Why should we go to space?




Who is alan shepard
Who is Alan Program Shepard


Name the first 3 american space programs
Name the first 3 American space programs Program

  • Mercury

  • Gemini

  • Apollo


Note: Program

  • Notes are posted on:

    http://web.ics.purdue.edu/~mkulakhm/GERI.html


Credits
Credits Program

  • Dr. Stephen Heister, “Analysis and Design of Chemical Rocket Propulsion Systems,” Purdue University

  • Mark Hopper, “Throttle Up!,” US Space Camp

  • “When We Left Earth, ” Discovery Channel

  • “From Earth To The Moon,” HBO

  • NASA

  • Dozens of websites that I took pictures from

  • Dozens of videos from youtube.



Fundamental geometry
Fundamental Geometry Program

  • Sin (Angle) = Opposite / Hypotenuse

  • Cos(Angle) = Adjacent / Hypotenuse

  • Tan (Angle) =Opposite / Adjacent

  • H^2 = A ^2 + O^2


Measuring the height of the rocket
Measuring the Height of the Rocket Program

  • When we launch the rocket we :

    • Will know A ( how far we are away from launch pad)

    • Can measure X (angle from horizon to the rocket

    • Can calculate O ( height of the rocket)

    • O = A * Tan (Angle)


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