Writing at the Graduate Level. Lydia Lunning Dissertation Editor. Housekeeping. Muting Questions Tech trouble? http://support.citrixonline.com/en_US/GoToTraining Recording and PowerPoint: http://writingcenter.waldenu.edu/415.htm Captioning. Graduate Writing.
“Graduate level writing displays, above all, critical thinking skills. The writer demonstrates the ability to see various sides of an argument: he/she questions assumptions, avoids commonplaces and develops a clear argument from the available literature on the subject.
This type of writing always establishes a purpose while addressing a specific audience. Often, graduate level writing also provides suggestions for further research and development beyond the limits of the course assignment.”
(University of Mary Washington, 2011)
Said another way:
Another level of writing and thinking.
Choose own topic
Do own research
Not so great: This paper is about classroom management
Better: Classroom management is an important part of teaching.
Best: All teachers should develop the classroom management skills of authority, individualization, and time management, which are necessary to run effective classrooms.
According to Wilson (2011), 68% of Dallas high school juniors reported chronic boredom in math class, suggesting a need to reconsider the math curriculum and invest in teacher training in this district.
(Duke University's Thompson Writing Program, n.d.)
Your Mind = Funnel
“Students who have a tendency to apply source material without adapting a proper citation and abiding by APA format may be prosecuted for intentional imitation and may be required to modify their material.”
Students may be accused of plagiarism and have to rewrite their papers if they use outside sources and don’t follow APA rules for citations.
Goal: sound professional and informed
Avoid the second person (you/your)
You need to be aware of your treatment options. →
Patients need to be aware of their treatment options.
Avoid the general we (or us or our)
We are responsible for our children’s wellbeing. →
Parents are responsible for their children’s wellbeing.
Use the first person (I/me/my) as appropriate
This paper will discuss…→ In this paper, I will discuss…
The data will be collected.→I will collect the data.
The scholar will argue… →Iwill argue…
Avoid opinion statementslike I think/I feel/I believe
Not so great: I think childhood obesity is a major concern.
Better: Childhood obesity is a major concern.
Best: Childhood obesity is a major concern, as 17% of children in America are obese (CDC, 2012).
Not so great: Children do not get enough exercise.
Better: Many children do not get enough exercise.
Best: According to the CDC (2012), in 2011, only 29% of high schoolers received the recommended amount of exercise, defined as at least one hour per day.
University of Mary Washington. (2011). What constitutes graduate level writing? Retrieved from http://orientation.umw.edu/wp-content/blogs.dir/2131/files/2011/09/what-is-graduate-level-writing.pdf