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Writing at the Graduate Level. Lydia Lunning Dissertation Editor. Housekeeping. Muting Questions Tech trouble? http://support.citrixonline.com/en_US/GoToTraining Recording and PowerPoint: http://writingcenter.waldenu.edu/415.htm Captioning. Graduate Writing.

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Writing at the graduate level

Writing at the Graduate Level

Lydia Lunning

Dissertation Editor


Housekeeping
Housekeeping

  • Muting

  • Questions

  • Tech trouble? http://support.citrixonline.com/en_US/GoToTraining

  • Recording and PowerPoint: http://writingcenter.waldenu.edu/415.htm

  • Captioning


Graduate writing
Graduate Writing

“Graduate level writing displays, above all, critical thinking skills. The writer demonstrates the ability to see various sides of an argument: he/she questions assumptions,  avoids commonplaces and develops a clear argument from the available literature on the subject.

This type of writing always establishes a purpose while addressing a specific audience. Often, graduate level writing also provides suggestions for further research and development beyond the limits of the course assignment.”

(University of Mary Washington, 2011)

Said another way:

Another level of writing and thinking.


Graduate versus undergraduate writing a question of scale
Graduate versus Undergraduate Writing: A question of scale…




What s the difference2
What’s the difference?

Choose own topic

Do own research

Analyze sources

Synthesize sources




Argument and analysis

Argument and Analysis graduate-level writing?


Argument and analysis1
Argument and Analysis graduate-level writing?


Argument and analysis thesis
Argument and Analysis: Thesis graduate-level writing?

Thesis

  • Specific and arguable

  • Comes at the end of introduction

Not so great: This paper is about classroom management

Better: Classroom management is an important part of teaching.

Best: All teachers should develop the classroom management skills of authority, individualization, and time management, which are necessary to run effective classrooms.


Argument and analysis evidence
Argument and Analysis: Evidence graduate-level writing?

Evidence

  • Supports your central argument throughout your paper

  • Demonstrates your scholarly credibility

    • Each sentence that uses information from a source must include a citation.

  • Cite credible sources (more in a few slides)


Argument and analysis analysis
Argument and Analysis: Analysis graduate-level writing?

Analysis

  • Your own interpretation of other authors’ ideas

  • Use research it to support your argument (not just summarizing)

According to Wilson (2011), 68% of Dallas high school juniors reported chronic boredom in math class, suggesting a need to reconsider the math curriculum and invest in teacher training in this district.


Essential components

Essential Components graduate-level writing?


Writing process
Writing Process graduate-level writing?


Research
Research graduate-level writing?


Writing
Writing graduate-level writing?


Writing1
Writing graduate-level writing?

MEAL plan:

  • Main idea: topic sentence

  • Evidence: information from your sources to support your main idea (usually include citations)

  • Analysis: explanation of the evidence/discussion of its relevance in light of your thesis statement

  • Lead out: conclusion

    (Duke University's Thompson Writing Program, n.d.)


Revise revise revise
Revise, revise, revise! graduate-level writing?

Revision checklist:

  • Thesis statement

  • Paper and paragraph organization

  • Use of evidence

  • Citation format

  • Reference format

  • Scholarly tone

  • Simple and direct sentences

  • Mechanics (grammar and spelling)


Questions

Questions? graduate-level writing?


Paraphrasing

Paraphrasing graduate-level writing?


Paraphrasing1
Paraphrasing graduate-level writing?

Your Mind = Funnel


Paraphrasing2
Paraphrasing graduate-level writing?

Strategies

  • Reread until you relax

  • Look up from the screen

  • Be selective: Do you need to paraphrase the entire source?

  • Change the structure, then the words.


Paraphrasing3
Paraphrasing graduate-level writing?

Original

“Students who have a tendency to apply source material without adapting a proper citation and abiding by APA format may be prosecuted for intentional imitation and may be required to modify their material.”

Paraphrase

Students may be accused of plagiarism and have to rewrite their papers if they use outside sources and don’t follow APA rules for citations.


Scholarly voice

Scholarly Voice graduate-level writing?


Scholarly voice1
Scholarly Voice graduate-level writing?

Goal: sound professional and informed


Formality point of view
Formality: Point of View graduate-level writing?

Avoid the second person (you/your)

You need to be aware of your treatment options. →

Patients need to be aware of their treatment options.

Avoid the general we (or us or our)

We are responsible for our children’s wellbeing. →

Parents are responsible for their children’s wellbeing.


Formality point of view1
Formality: Point of View graduate-level writing?

Use the first person (I/me/my) as appropriate

This paper will discuss…→ In this paper, I will discuss…

The data will be collected.→I will collect the data.

The scholar will argue… →Iwill argue…

Avoid opinion statementslike I think/I feel/I believe

Not so great: I think childhood obesity is a major concern.

Better: Childhood obesity is a major concern.

Best: Childhood obesity is a major concern, as 17% of children in America are obese (CDC, 2012).


Specificity
Specificity graduate-level writing?

Avoid generalizations

Not so great: Children do not get enough exercise.

Better: Many children do not get enough exercise.

Best: According to the CDC (2012), in 2011, only 29% of high schoolers received the recommended amount of exercise, defined as at least one hour per day.


Consider your audience
Consider Your Audience graduate-level writing?


Questions1

Questions? graduate-level writing?


Apa style

APA Style graduate-level writing?


Apa style1
APA Style graduate-level writing?


Apa style resources
APA Style Resources graduate-level writing?

  • APA Style introduction page

  • Templates (#1 course paper, thesis, doctoral capstone)

  • Common Reference List Examples

  • “APA Citations” webinars

  • “Reference List Checklist” webinar


Recap
Recap graduate-level writing?

  • Use APA style

  • Paraphrase mindfully and carefully

  • Keep your tone formal and neutral and your sentences simple

  • Use scholarly arguments to join the conversation

  • Remember that writing is a process!


Questions2
Questions graduate-level writing?

Now: Type into the Question box

Later: Didn’t get to your question? Enter it in the survey after the webinar closes.

Anytime:[email protected]

[email protected]


References
References graduate-level writing?

University of Mary Washington. (2011). What constitutes graduate level writing? Retrieved from http://orientation.umw.edu/wp-content/blogs.dir/2131/files/2011/09/what-is-graduate-level-writing.pdf


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