PERU
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PERU. Peru is the third-largest country in South America after Brazil and Argentina, ranking it amongst the world's 20 largest nations. Population:. 27.000.000 inhabitants. Spaniards came to the Peru to join the indigenous people of Peru

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PERU

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PERU


Peru is the third-largest country in South America after Brazil and Argentina, ranking it amongst the world's 20 largest nations.


Population:

  • 27.000.000 inhabitants.

  • Spaniards came to the Peru to join the indigenous people of Peru

  • After this, the Peruvians were met by African Americans, Europeans and Asians

  • The Peruvian population is well-known for their rich ethnic mix.


Official languages:

  • Spanish: 80.3%Quechua: 16.2%Other languages: 3.0%Foreign languages: 0.2%

  • Quechua is a major legacy of the Incan Empire


Government:

  • Democratic Republic

  • The president and members of Congress are elected every five years by universal suffrage.

  • The current constitutional president of Peru is Alan Garcia Pérez (2006-2011).


Religion:

  • Roman Catholic: 89.03%Evangelical: 6.73%Other religions: 2.56%Any Religion: 1.65%

Church at the Plaza de Armas in Cusco


Important Historical Sites:

  • Iquitos - Amazon River

  • Lima (The Capital)

  • Machu Picchu


MACHU PICCHU!!

  • LOCATION: The Andes Mountains in Peru


Geography:

  • The elevation of Machu Picchu is 7,710 feet above sea level

  • Surrounded by mountains, the site sits upon a cliff

  • beneath is the Urubamba River


History:

  • Built between 1460 and 1470 AD by Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui, an Incan ruler

  • Most likely a royal estate and religious retreat

  • After Pachacuti’s death, Machu Picchu became the property of his allus, or kinship group, which was responsible for it’s maintenance, administration, and any new construction


So… Then What?

  • Machu Picchu was rediscovered on July 24, 1911 by Hiram Bingham

  • With the help of the National Geographic Society, Bingham returned in 1912 and 1915, excavating the site and producing a number of literary accounts, the most popular of which was Lost City of the Incas

  • It is improbable that he was the first individual to "re-discover" the mountain estate; a number of Hispanic names were found etched into the Incan masonry prior to Bingham's arrival


What Is It Now?

  • Used for tourism because of its beauty and carefully constructed structures


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