PERU
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PERU. Peru is the third-largest country in South America after Brazil and Argentina, ranking it amongst the world's 20 largest nations. Population:. 27.000.000 inhabitants. Spaniards came to the Peru to join the indigenous people of Peru

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PERU

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Peru

PERU


Peru

Peru is the third-largest country in South America after Brazil and Argentina, ranking it amongst the world's 20 largest nations.


Population

Population:

  • 27.000.000 inhabitants.

  • Spaniards came to the Peru to join the indigenous people of Peru

  • After this, the Peruvians were met by African Americans, Europeans and Asians

  • The Peruvian population is well-known for their rich ethnic mix.


Official languages

Official languages:

  • Spanish: 80.3%Quechua: 16.2%Other languages: 3.0%Foreign languages: 0.2%

  • Quechua is a major legacy of the Incan Empire


Government

Government:

  • Democratic Republic

  • The president and members of Congress are elected every five years by universal suffrage.

  • The current constitutional president of Peru is Alan Garcia Pérez (2006-2011).


Religion

Religion:

  • Roman Catholic: 89.03%Evangelical: 6.73%Other religions: 2.56%Any Religion: 1.65%

Church at the Plaza de Armas in Cusco


Important historical sites

Important Historical Sites:

  • Iquitos - Amazon River

  • Lima (The Capital)

  • Machu Picchu


Machu picchu

MACHU PICCHU!!

  • LOCATION: The Andes Mountains in Peru


Geography

Geography:

  • The elevation of Machu Picchu is 7,710 feet above sea level

  • Surrounded by mountains, the site sits upon a cliff

  • beneath is the Urubamba River


History

History:

  • Built between 1460 and 1470 AD by Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui, an Incan ruler

  • Most likely a royal estate and religious retreat

  • After Pachacuti’s death, Machu Picchu became the property of his allus, or kinship group, which was responsible for it’s maintenance, administration, and any new construction


So then what

So… Then What?

  • Machu Picchu was rediscovered on July 24, 1911 by Hiram Bingham

  • With the help of the National Geographic Society, Bingham returned in 1912 and 1915, excavating the site and producing a number of literary accounts, the most popular of which was Lost City of the Incas

  • It is improbable that he was the first individual to "re-discover" the mountain estate; a number of Hispanic names were found etched into the Incan masonry prior to Bingham's arrival


What is it now

What Is It Now?

  • Used for tourism because of its beauty and carefully constructed structures


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