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Polytheism. A BELIEF IN MANY DEITIES. Polytheism is…. …the belief in many deities A deity is a supernatural being of significant power “Polytheism” is from the Greek: poly = many theo = deities. Many scholars believe that polytheism evolved from animistic beliefs.

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Polytheism

Polytheism

A BELIEF IN MANY DEITIES


Polytheism is
Polytheism is…

…the belief in many deities

  • A deity is a supernatural being of significant power

  • “Polytheism” is from the Greek:

    • poly = many

    • theo = deities


Polytheism

  • Animism was the belief in many spiritual forces, some friendly and some hostile

  • Over time, these spirits were seen to have more complicated and individual personalities



Polytheism


Polytheism


Polytheism


Polytheistic religions
Polytheistic Religions phenomena such as the seasons or the creation of the world

  • Many ancient societies had polytheistic religions:

    • Classical Greece and Rome

    • Ancient Egypt

    • Vikings

    • Aztecs

    • Ancient India (Hinduism)


Hinduism
Hinduism phenomena such as the seasons or the creation of the world

  • Hinduism is a modern religion founded thousands of years ago in India

  • It is still practiced today, and is a form of polytheism

Percentages of Hindus today by country


Hinduism1
Hinduism phenomena such as the seasons or the creation of the world

1. Most Hindus believe that there is one divine power called Brahman

2. Brahman is then divided into numerous deities


Hinduism compared to other religions
Hinduism compared to other religions… phenomena such as the seasons or the creation of the world

Doesn’t have a single founder, date (est. 3500 B.C.E.)

Vedas is the holy book (“Book of Knowledge”)

Doesn’t have a concept of a prophet

DOES have a trinity of deities


Hindu deities
Hindu Deities phenomena such as the seasons or the creation of the world

Brahma: God as Creator of World, supreme deity

  • Is represented in the form of other gods…

  • Part of Hindu Trinity


Hindu deities1
Hindu Deities phenomena such as the seasons or the creation of the world

Vishnu: God as preserver of the world, protector of creation

*part of Hindu Trinity


Hindu deities2
Hindu Deities phenomena such as the seasons or the creation of the world

Shiva: God as Destroyer

-responsible for change (ex: death)

*part of Hindu Trinity


Hindu deities3
Hindu Deities phenomena such as the seasons or the creation of the world

Ganesha: The Remover of Obstacles, God of Intelligence

-son of Shiva and his wife


Hindu deities4
Hindu Deities phenomena such as the seasons or the creation of the world

Indra: God of War and Weather, ruler of the heavens and other gods


Hindu practices beliefs
Hindu Practices/Beliefs phenomena such as the seasons or the creation of the world

Different sects (groups) within Hinduism worship different deities through:

  • Prayer

  • Karma

  • Nirvana

  • Reincarnation

  • meditation

  • Building shrines

  • Sacrifices

  • Pilgrimages

    (holy journeys)


Video questions
Video Questions phenomena such as the seasons or the creation of the world

  • What event do Hindus prepare for in September?

  • According to the myth, how did Ganesh acquire the head of an elephant?

  • How does the boy in the video explain how worshipping many gods is the same thing as worshipping one God?

    4.  What do Hindus believe will occur after death?

    5. What does the immersion the clay idol of Ganesh in the sea represent?


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