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How big is Korea?. Korea is roughly the size of Indiana With a GDP equal to that of Indiana, Ohio and Michigan Korea’s exports equal 2011 exports from: Indiana Ohio Michigan Illinois Pennsylvania Tennessee New York New Jersey and California. Labor Productivity.

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How big is korea
How big is Korea?

  • Korea is roughly the size of Indiana

  • With a GDP equal to that of Indiana, Ohio and Michigan

  • Korea’s exports equal 2011 exports from:

    Indiana Ohio Michigan

    Illinois Pennsylvania Tennessee

    New York New Jersey and California.


Labor productivity
Labor Productivity

Source: OECD


Korea is hungry for technology
Korea is hungry for technology

  • Following others is the fastest route to development

  • Korea today is approaching the frontiers of technology

  • Innovation and invention are difficult – for everyone

  • Korea is investing in R&D as never before

  • A growing portion of Korea’s government budget goes to R&D

  • Korea is determined to get the technology it wants

  • Your Intellectual Property is very valuable


Important and true
Important, and true

  • Korea is clean, safe, and well-organized

  • Intellectual Property protection is pretty good

  • Legal recourse is expensive, much more predictable than in many nations, and improving

  • Korea is 43rd in Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index

  • Korean industry is skilled at tweaking improvements to technology


A zero sum tradition
A Zero-Sum tradition

  • If you are benefiting, then I am losing

  • Negotiations are always hard-fought. The important point to remember is that negotiations in Korea are never over.

  • Under Korean law, a contract is not an iron-clad commitment. It cannot be broken because it is flexible.

  • Win-win thinking is not the norm.

  • Some observers have commented: “Every game is an away game.”


Korus fta a well timed opportunity
KORUS FTA:A Well-Timed Opportunity

  • Korea and the U.S. have worked together closely for more than half a century

  • Korea has rapidly become an important player on the world stage – economically, politically, and socially

  • Korean consumers want to buy the best, and their companies make highly competitive partners

  • The KORUS FTA is the most important trade agreement for U.S. companies since NAFTA


Iii korus overview and key provisions
III. KORUS Overview and Key Provisions

  • Over 95% of trade in consumer and industrial products duty-free within 5 years

  • Tariff and non-tariff barrier reductions for agricultural products

  • Increased access for U.S. autos, including unprecedented provisions to address non-tariff barriers in Korea

  • Further market access for U.S. service providers

  • State-of-the-art protections for intellectual property

  • Expanded access to Korean government procurement contracts

  • New protections for U.S. investors

  • Investor-State Dispute Settlement mechanism to help investors address violations of the KORUS investment chapter


Unique provisions of the agreement
Unique Provisions of the Agreement

  • Autos

    • Allows U.S. automakers that exported fewer than 25,000 motor vehicles to Korea in the previous year to export vehicles that comply with U.S. safety standards rather than the Korean standard

    • Adjustments to general auto and truck tariffs give U.S. auto companies and American workers the opportunity to increase sales in Korea before U.S. tariffs on Korean autos come down

    • Korea immediately reduced its electric car tariffs from 8 percent to 4 percent and will phase out its tariffs by the fifth year

    • A special autos safeguard allows the United States to address auto imports that are causing, or threatening to cause, injury to the U.S. auto industry

      Pharmaceuticals/Medical Devices

    • Requires fair, non-discriminatory procedures in reimbursement and pricing

    • Establishment of a Medicines and Medical Devices Committee


Korus non tariff barriers
KORUS: Non-Tariff Barriers

KORUS Non-Tariff Barriers Provisions

  • Strong provisions on how Korea will develop regulations impacting U.S. exports

  • Benefits to American manufacturers including greater input into the development of

    • standards

    • technical regulations

    • conformity assessment procedures

  • Increased transparency and opportunity for public input

  • Beneficial to small and medium-sized enterprises with limited resources


Iv benefits of korus to u s businesses
IV. Benefits of KORUS to U.S. Businesses

  • KORUS Levels the Playing Field

    • Korea’s applied tariffs on industrial goods average 6.2 percent, while U.S. tariffs on Korean goods average 2.8 percent

  • Small and Medium Size Enterprises and KORUS

    • The transparency provisions help small and medium size companies that may not have the resources to navigate customs and regulatory red tape

  • Investors

    • Establishes a secure and predictable legal framework for U.S. investors in Korea

  • Service Providers

    • Improved access for U.S. service providers, including telecom, express delivery, legal, financial, and many others


V korus entry into force
V. KORUS Entry-Into-Force

  • Before entry-into-force: Korea’s average duty was almost 13 percent

  • KORUS entry-into-force: March 15, 2012

  • Day 1 (March 15): U.S. exports face no tariffs in Korea on 80 percent of all products. With a few exceptions, within 2 and 15 years, all other remaining products will become duty-free

  • By year 10: U.S. exports will face no tariffs in Korea on almost 99 percent of all products


Certificate of origin requirements
Certificate of Origin Requirements

  • You must prove that your product qualifies for reduced tariff benefits under KORUS

  • Although the Korea Customs Service has an optional certificate of origin form, you are not required under KORUS to use any particular format

  • Only requirement: written or electronic certification by the importer, exporter, or producer


Certificate of origin contents
Certificate of Origin Contents

KORUS Chapter 6, Section B, Article 6.15:

“Each Party shall provide that a certification need not be made in a prescribed format, provided that the certification is in written or electronic form, including but not limited to the following elements”

  • Name and contact information of certifying person

  • Importer of good

  • Exporter of good

  • Producer/manufacturer of good

  • Harmonized System classification and description of good

  • Proof of U.S. origin: a) Manufacturer’s written or electronic certification

    b) Manufacturer or exporter’s knowledge

    7. Date of certification

    8. Period covered by certification


Rules of origin
Rules of Origin

  • Transformation rules: inputs are substantially different from the final product

    • Ex: Leather and metal parts transformed into a handbag

  • Regional value content: the proportion of U.S. and Korean (“regional”) content exceeds x%, or the proportion of non-regional content is less than y%

    • Ex: Imported furniture components (not from Korea) transformed into finished furniture; at least 35% regional or no more than 45% from third countries

  • Specific rules by HS code under KORUS


How to see if your product benefits
How to See if Your Product Benefits

  • Get Help from an Expert – Call the Department of Commerce Trade Information Center (TIC)

    • 800-USA-TRADE (800-872-8723)

  • The TIC can help with:

    • U.S.-Korea Trade Agreement rules of origin

    • Classification of exports to Korea

    • Identifying applicable tariff rates

    • Making claims for preferential treatment


Vi helpful resources
VI. Helpful Resources

Trade.gov/korus


Export gov korus
Export.Gov – KORUS

export.gov/fta/korea


Export gov fta tariff tool
Export.Gov – FTA Tariff Tool

export.gov/FTA/ftatarifftool


3 features of the fta tariff tool
3 Features of the FTA Tariff Tool

  • The FTA Tariff Tool combines complex tariff and trade data into a simple and easy-to-search free public interface.  The Tool has three functions:

    • Users can see the current tariff and future tariffs applied to their products, as well as when those products will become duty-free

    • Users can analyze how key sectors are treated under an agreement by combining sector and product groups, trade data, and the tariff elimination schedules 

    • Users can compare how particular sectors are treated across various FTAs



Thank you
Thank you

Joshua Pierce

International Trade Specialist

U.S. Department of Commerce

1401 Constitution Ave., NW

Washington, DC 20230

(202) 482-0961

[email protected]


Nam in cooperation with the commerce department can assist in exporting to korea
NAM in Cooperation with the Commerce DepartmentCan Assist in Exporting to Korea.

  • Help you to identify customers, distributors or agents

  • Provide trade counseling and how to comply with requirements

  • Access to U.S. Department of Commerce’s Services

    Get started with one phone call to NAM:

    202-637-3407


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