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NUTRITION - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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NUTRITION. Vitamins . Vitamins are key to our body. 2 types of vitamins Fat-soluble (stored in bile acids) Water-soluble (absorbed quickly ) What vitamins do? Vitamins are essential to our growth They keep our cells alive and healthily, giving them nutrition.

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  • Vitamins are key to our body.
  • 2 types of vitamins
    • Fat-soluble (stored in bile acids)
    • Water-soluble (absorbed quickly)
  • What vitamins do?
    • Vitamins are essential to our growth
    • They keep our cells alive and healthily, giving them nutrition.
  • Sources Dairy, Fruit, Vegetables, Meat, Some Wheat\'s, and Pills.
fat soluble vitamins
Fat-soluble Vitamins
  • Small amounts of A, D, E and K are needed
  • Body doesn’t need every day
  • Stores in fat tissues, liver
  • Mega doses of A, D, E or K lead to health problems
  • Pose a greater risk for toxicity
  • Require fats in diet to be properly absorbed
  • Stored for long periods
water soluble vitamins
Water-soluble Vitamins
  • B complex, vitamin C are water soluble
  • Not stored in body
  • Must be replaced every day
  • Easily destroyed
  • Grains, meats, dairy, fruits and vegetables are B complex
  • Citrus fruits are good sources of vitamin C
  • B complex group
    • Thiamin (B1), riboflavin (B2), B6, olate, B12, biotin, pantothenic acid,
  • Two hydrogen and one oxygen molecule, makes water!
  • You need water to, survive because it makes up 80% of our body\'s content
  • Our body regulates water by sweatingand peeing.
  • Does many things for our body,
    • Removes acids, toxins, wastes
    • Regulates body temperature.
    • Carries oxygen, nutrients into all cells.
    • You need water to keep your metabolism working properly.
  • Our body is like a engine the food is the gas that fuels it, but the water is the oil that help keep everything going
  • The only way you can receive water is by drinks water or water bases drinks.
  • Minerals are much like vitamins they help our grow, function, and stay healthy
  • There are two kinds of minerals
    • Macro Lrg. (Calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, chloride, and sulfur.)
    • Trace Sml. (Iron, manganese, copper, iodine, zinc, fluoride, cobalt, and selenium)
macro minerals
Macro Minerals
  • Calcium: Builds bones and teeth in dairy, pills, leafy vegetables
  • Phosphorus: Builds bones, teeth, helps energy production, acid-base balance,!
  • Magnesium: Regulates absorption of calcium
  • Sodium: Also known as salt
  • Potassium: Keeps muscle, nervous system working properly
trace minerals
Trace Minerals
  • Iron: Transports oxygen from lungs to rest of body
  • Manganese : Help us grow, and keeps our skin / cartilage healthy.
  • Copper: Helps transport oxygen through your body, help makes DNA
  • Zinc: Helps immune system, receive from meat, and vegetables.
  • Cobalt: Helps red blood cells function
  • Selenium: Produces enzyme
  • Basic fuel for body
  • There are two types of carbs>Simple and Complex
  • When eaten, body breaks down into sugars, absorbed into bloodstream
  • Gives muscles in body energy when move through bloodstream to muscles
  • If sugars aren\'t used, turned into fat
  • Body needs insulin to help sugars move to cells
  • Get carbs. From grains, vegetables, meats
types of carbohydrates
Types of Carbohydrates
  • Simple carbs
    • Also called simple sugars
    • Found in refined sugars, like white sugar, candy
    • Digests quickly, energy burns fast
  • Complex carbs
    • Also called starches
    • Found in grain products like pasta, bread, crackers, rice
  • One of the main basic forms on energy in our body.
  • Three kinds of fat
    • Trans fat
    • Saturated fat
    • Unsaturated fat
  • Fat provides energy for almost everything we do.
  • Fat is also stored in the body, when not used
  • Stored fat is used for extra energy when you need more during movement, or starvation.
  • You receive fat from, nut, cream, meats, fruits and veggies, oil, and other processed food
types of fat
Types of Fat
  • Unsaturated fat
      • Helps heart, high in calories, good energy
      • Two main types: Polyunsaturated, monounsaturated
      • Polyunsaturated found in oils
      • Monounsaturated found in oils, seeds
  • Saturated fat
      • Is a form of quick energy
      • Raises blood cholesterol, and increases heart diseases.
      • Cream, fast food, diary, and oil.
  • Trans fat
      • Is also a form of quick energy
      • Raises cholesterol, and also increases rick of heart diseases
      • Found in processed and fast food.
  • Fiber is a substance found in plants that the human body cannot break down.
  • Two types soluble fiber and insoluble fiber.
    • Soluble fiber, helps your blood sugar can and cholesterol levels, dissolve in water
    • Mainly found in oats, beans and fruit.
    • Insoluble fiber increases the movement through your digestive system, cannot dissolve in water
    • Found in whole grain products and vegetables.
  • Is not essential to body, but very helpful
  • Protein is a long line of amino acids that work together to help your body.
  • Two types of protein
    • Complete
    • Incomplete
  • Builds, maintains, replaces tissues in body
  • Muscles, organs, immune system made up of protein
  • Provides structure for teeth, fingernails, hair
  • Helps for digestion, stomach enzymes
  • Helps us see, lens of eye
types of protein
Types of Protein
  • Complete protein
    • structure for teeth, fingernails, hair
    • Helps for digestion, stomach enzymes
    • Contains all 9 of the essential amino acids
    • Sources meat and milk
  • Incomplete protein
    • Helps repair damaged cells, while keeping cells healthy
    • Lack one or more essential amino acids
    • Receive form fruits and vegetables.