Making Oligarchy: Whigs, Tories, and Cultural Responses. Robert Walpole as “The English Colossus”. 18C Parliament: some numbers. House of Commons England: 489 members 80 from the 40 counties 4 from Oxford & Cambridge 405 from boroughs Wales: 24 members; Scotland: 45. The House of Lords.
Making Oligarchy: Whigs, Tories, and Cultural Responses
Robert Walpole as “The English Colossus”
Newcastle was an exemplar of the “pocket borough” system, alleged to have at least seven boroughs under his control.
The ruins of All Saints Church, Dunwich, in a 1904 postcard. The East Anglia cliffs crumble away…
Daniel Burgess's Presbyterian meeting-house in Carey Street, London, is wrecked by the mob during the anti-Dissenter Sacheverellriots of 1710
The Bank of England, as it appeared while occupying Grocer’s Hall, London. from 1694-1732.
Ruthven Barracks, set on an old castle mound near Ruthven, Highland in Scotland, are the smallest but best preserved of the four English barracks built in 1719 after the 1715 Jacobite rising.
Excise in Triumph (1733)The election agitation of 1733-34 was dominated by images such as this one, of Walpole and the military, with an army of taxmen, riding roughshod over the nation's rights. Beneath the wheels of the minister's excise carriage lies Magna Charta (Magna Farta, in the print, to show how little Walpole cared for it), and the carriage is pulled by a despondent British lion, wearing the clogs that were the symbol of a French-style slavery under an absolute monarch.
John Gay (1685-1732)