Writing an effective cv
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Writing An Effective CV . Learning objectives. By the end of this session, you are expected to: Identify key skills and qualifications to be included in the CV Position yourself correctly in the job market Understand how recruiters and headhunters search for candidates

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Learning objectives
Learning objectives

  • By the end of this session, you are expected to:

    • Identify key skills and qualifications to be included in the CV

    • Position yourself correctly in the job market

    • Understand how recruiters and headhunters search for candidates

    • Understand how to make your CV attractive

What are cv types
What are CV types

  • Chronological

  • Functional

  • Academic

Chronological resumes
Chronological Resumes

  • The most common resume type.

  • Experience and qualifications are sorted in a chronological order starting from the most recent.

  • Activities are summarized by job or employer.

  • It fits recruiters’ templates.

Functional resumes
Functional Resumes

  • Doesn’t follow chronological order

  • Suitable for executives, career changers

  • Skills and qualifications summarized by function, for example:

    • A candidate might write “Marketing Experience”, then lists titles and positions held, projects managed, etc.

  • Can be a powerful tool to present functional expertise, but it is not very popular.

  • Doesn’t fit recruiter’s standard templates; and may discourage short-listing

Academic resumes
Academic Resumes

  • An academic CV focuses on academic qualifications of the candidate.

  • It refers to previous research; and research areas of interest.

  • It includes reference to publications, memberships and affiliations of professional and academic bodies.

What information should be on your cv
What information should be on your CV

  • Identify Yourself

  • Education

  • Continuing Education

  • Work or Professional Experience

  • Volunteer Experience

  • Activities & Interests

  • Computer Skills

  • Professional Affiliations & Memberships

    Optional Sections

  • Objective

  • Special Skills and Abilities

  • Reference Statement

Cv writing essentials 1 of 2
CV Writing Essentials (1 of 2)

  • Tell the truth

  • Check spelling and grammar

  • Beware of typos

  • Use formal language

  • Make it readable

    • Less is more

    • User white spaces

    • Use bullet points or short phrases

    • Use industry standard labels or keywords

    • Use easily read formats, fonts and styles

    • Keep the design simple

    • Minimize use of abbreviations

Cv writing essentials 2 of 2
CV Writing Essentials (2 of 2)

  • Focus on your skills & qualifications

  • Use action words to express results and accomplishments; for example perform, manage, etc.

  • Make it short; 2 to 2.5 pages maximum

  • Avoid irrelevant information; including irrelevant work activities and inappropriate person information

  • Produced on a computer

  • No spelling or grammar errors

  • Neat, clean, and professional looking

  • Avoid the use of different colors or fonts

  • Margins at sides and bottom

  • Information is logically and chronologically recorded

  • Quantify your results whenever you can

Where to start
Where to start

  • Identify where you are?

  • Identify what you want to be?

  • Focus on relevant experience, and useful information

  • Avoid being emotional

  • Employers

What recruiters do
What recruiters do

  • Recruiters search for key words; make sure you have all of them on your CV

  • Recruiters give 10 to 20 seconds for a CV; make sure you have a neat eye-catching presentation of your qualifications

Common mistakes 1 of 3
Common mistakes (1 of 3)

  • Typos and Grammar Slips

    • “Great attention to detail.”

    • “Proven ability to track down and correct erors.”

    • “Am a perfectionist and rarely if ever forget etails.”

    • Accomplishments: Completed 11 years of high school.”

    • Don’t use “I” or “me”

Common mistakes 2 of 3
Common mistakes (2 of 3)

  • Leaving gaps!

    • Everyone faces unemployment at certain point in his career.

    • Avoid leaving gaps. Solution:

      • Either return to education, or

      • Volunteer

Common mistakes 3 of 3
Common Mistakes (3 of 3)

  • Don’t be emotional!

    • Don’t be emotionally attached to certain achievements or interests not relevant for the job.

Writing a cover letter
Writing A Cover Letter

  • A cover letter is a “letter”

  • Some employers require CVs to be accompanied by cover letters.

  • A cover letter is an opportunity to tell what is not shown on a CV.

    • Possibly to express enthusiasm, confidence, interest, skills, etc.

  • Mention the person who referred you if appropriate

Cover letter structure
Cover Letter Structure

  • Header Section:

    • Your address, city, state, zip, and telephone number.

    • Date

    • Name, title, company, address, city, state, and zip of

    • person you’re writing to.

    • Greeting, followed by a colon.

  • Paragraph 1:

    • What you want

    • How you know about the organization

    • Mention enclosure of your resume

  • Paragraph 2:

    • Concise overview of work history and skills that will help you perform the job.

  • Paragraph 3:

    • State confidence in your ability

    • Give information on how you can be contacted

  • Paragraph 4:

    • Express appreciation

  • Closing: signature, and typed name

Applying for jobs
Applying for jobs

  • Recruiters receive 100’s of applications for every post, make sure you apply for the right opportunity only.

  • Avoid annoying recruiters with emails.

  • Recruiters can no longer give feedback to hundreds of applicants, if you don’t hear from the recruiter then you were most likely not selected.