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Fragment Sentences . Tawni Urso , Akilah Moore, James Jordan, Sonya Begum. Fragment sentences defined. Incomplete sentences Pieces of a sentence disconnected from the main clause Cannot stand by itself Lack predicate (main verb) Lack subject (main noun)

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Fragment Sentences

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Fragment sentences

Fragment Sentences

Tawni Urso, Akilah Moore, James Jordan, Sonya Begum


Fragment sentences defined

Fragment sentences defined

  • Incomplete sentences

    • Pieces of a sentence disconnected from the main clause

    • Cannot stand by itself

    • Lack predicate (main verb)

    • Lack subject (main noun)

    • Does not contain even one independent clause


Identifying fragments

Identifying fragments

  • When reading look for

    • The verb (action word in the sentence)

    • The subject (subject is the noun or pronoun about which something is written)

    • “Cliff-hangers” (beginning a sentence, then leaving it hanging)


Fragment sentences

there are several ways a group of words can be a sentence fragment


More in depth with fragments

More in depth with fragments…

1) It may locate something in time and place with a prepositional phrase or a series of such phrases, but it is still lacking a proper subject-verb relationship within an independent clause:

In Japan, during the last war and just before the armistice.

This sentence lacks predicate.

2) It describes something, but there is no subject-verb relationship:

Working far into the night in an effort to salvage her little boat.

The odd thing about this is, where is the real subject?

3) It may have most of the makings of a sentence but still be missing an important part:

Some of the students working in Professor Espinoza's laboratory last semester.

Remember that an –ing verb form without an auxiliary form to accompany it can never be a verb.

4) It may even have a subject-verb relationship, but it has been subordinated to another idea by a

dependent word and so cannot stand by itself:

Even though he had the better arguments and was by far the more powerful speaker.

This is just a really long subject, don’t be fooled by it.


Corrections

Corrections!!

1) In Japan, during the last war and just before the armistice, there were severe food shortages.

2) Working far into the night in an effort to salvage her little boat, she grew tired and lazy.

3)Some of the students working in Professor Espinoza's laboratory last semester went on to become government officials.

4) Even though he had the better arguments and was by far the more powerful speaker, the judges ruled against him.


Repairing fragment sentences

Repairing fragment sentences

Add verb

Add subject

Elaborate on “cliff-hangers”

If sentence, simply remove the period, replace with a comma and finish the sentence

GIVING YOU A COMPLETE SENTENCE!


Works cited

Works cited

  • http://faculty.washington.edu/ezent/imsc.htm

  • http://www.iwu.edu/~writcent/fragments_csplices.html


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