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Using Transition Words in Your Writing. Transitions. Look at the two groups of sentences below. Which sentences read more smoothly? Why?. My friend, Marcos, loves to play sports and is very athletic. He has won a scholarship to play football at a university next year. .

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Presentation Transcript
transitions
Transitions

Look at the two groups of sentences

below. Which sentences read more

smoothly? Why?

  • My friend, Marcos, loves to play sports and is very athletic. He has won a scholarship to play football at a university next year.
  • My friend, Marcos, loves to play sports and is very athletic. In fact, he has won a scholarship to play football at a university next year.
transitions1
Transitions

What are transition words?

transitions2
Transitions
  • Example:

John skipped meals regularly.

Therefore, he was always hungry.

add the missing transition
Add the missing transition

It was an unusually cold spring. The

trees were leafing out.

It was an unusually cold spring.

However, the trees were leafing out.

what is wrong with this transition
What is wrong with this transition?

Walt never cleaned out the inside of

his car. Nevertheless, it smelled and

looked horrible!

This transition makes no sense. It

suggests a contrast when no contrast

is asked for.

revision
Revision

Walt never cleaned out the inside of

his car. Consequently, it smelled

and looked horrible!

transition words
Transition Words
  • A word or phrase that links two ideas or sentences
  • These show how ideas connect
  • If there are no transitions, readers must make the ‘connections’ on their own
  • This slows reading down and makes it confusing
transition words1
Transition Words

Can occur anywhere -

  • At the beginning of a sentence
  • In the middle of a sentence
  • At the end of a sentence
transition words2
Transition Words

A transition word directly tells the reader the

logical relationship between one idea and

another idea.

Transition

Idea

Idea

transition words3
Transition Words
  • There are many transition words
  • As you become a more experienced writer you will use lots of types of transition words
  • Let’s look at a few of the basics
  • These will help to improve your writing right now!
words to show location
Above

Across

Against

Along

Among

Around

Behind

Below

Beneath

Beside

Between

Beyond

By

Down

In back of

In front of

Inside

Into

Near

Off

Onto

On top of

Outside

Over

Throughout

To the right

Under

Words to show LOCATION
words to show time
While

After

At

Before

During

First

Second

Third

Now

Until

Meanwhile

Today

Tomorrow

Next week

Yesterday

Soon

Later

Afterward

Immediately

Finally

Then

Next

As soon as

When

Suddenly

Words to Show TIME
words to compare two things
Likewise

Like

As

Also

While

Similarly

In the same way

In contrast

Words to COMPARE (two things)
words to contrast to show differences between things
Words to CONTRAST(to show differences between things)
  • But
  • However
  • Still
  • Yet
  • Although
  • Otherwise
  • On the other hand
  • Even though
let s practice
Let’s practice….
  • Read the passage
  • Highlight any transition words you find
  • Share with a partner
slide17

Ty’ree was all right after Mama died. But I was all wrong. The year before, I’d seen this show about snakes. They showed this one snake slipping out of its old skin and then leaving that old skin on the ground behind him. That’s how I felt – like Mama’d been my skin. But I hadn’t grown a new skin underneath, like that snake had. I was just blood and bones spreading all over the place. Every night Ty’ree stayed with me in my room till I cried myself to sleep. And the next morning he’d find me sleeping curled up on the floor beside his bed.

After a few weeks of me ending up on the floor, he called Aunt Cecile, and she came back to new York and asked around trying to find a doctor I could go to – a psychologist. Some afternoons I’d come home from school to find Aunt Cecile sitting at the dining room table writing down and crossing out numbers as she talked on the phone. And some evenings I’d catch her and Ty’ree whispering about different doctors, their fees and social benefits.

Then, one afternoon Aunt Cecile announced that she’d found a person I could talk to named Dr. Vernon. That Wednesday and for a whole lot of Wednesdays after that, Aunt Cecile would take me to Dr. Vernon – an old man with a nice office in Harlem.

-from Miracle Boys by Jacqueline Woodson

slide18

Ty’ree was all right after Mama died. But I was all wrong. The year before, I’d seen this show about snakes. They showed this one snake slipping out of its old skin and then leaving that old skin on the ground behind him. That’s how I felt – like Mama’d been my skin. But I hadn’t grown a new skin underneath, like that snake had. I was just blood and bones spreading all over the place. Every night Ty’ree stayed with me in my room till I cried myself to sleep. And the next morning he’d find me sleeping curled up on the floor beside his bed.

slide19

After a few weeks of me ending up on the floor, he called Aunt Cecile, and she came back to new York and asked around trying to find a doctor I could go to – a psychologist. Some afternoons I’d come home from school to find Aunt Cecile sitting at the dining room table writing down and crossing out numbers as she talked on the phone. And some evenings I’d catch her and Ty’ree whispering about different doctors, their fees and social benefits.

slide20

Then, one afternoon Aunt cEcile announced that she’d found a person I could talk to named Dr. Vernon. That Wednesday and for a whole lot of Wednesdays after that, Aunt Cecile would take me to Dr. Vernon – an old man with a nice office in Harlem.

homework
Homework

1. Complete sheet , ‘Connect the Links to Make a Chain’

2. Highlight any transition words you have in your writing piece

3. Rate your use of transition words using check box ‘Rate Your Transitions’ (staple to writing)

4. Add transitions to make your writing flow more smoothly. Highlight your new transitions in another colour

5. Rewrite this draft of your writing, double- spaced for next day

6. Keep all prior drafts

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