Romanticism. Romanticism The complex artistic, literary, and intellectual movement of 18th century in Western Europe. Roots of Romanticism. A revolt against aristocratic social and political norms of the Age of Enlightenment and a reaction against the scientific rationalization of nature.
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The complex artistic, literary, and intellectual movement of 18th century in Western Europe
From the direction of home, behind the red flashes of lightning
There come clouds,
But Father and Mother are long dead;
No one there knows me anymore.
How soon, ah, how soon will that quiet time come,
When I too shall rest,
And over me the beautiful forest's loneliness shall rustle,
And no one here shall know me anymore.
ArtIn visual art and literature, Romanticism found recurrent themes in the heroic isolation of the artist or narrator, and respect for a new, wilder, and "pure" nature
Thomas Cole's paintings feature strong narratives as in The Voyage of Life series painted in the early 1840s that depict man trying to survive amidst an awesome and immense nature, from the cradle to the grave.
In Xanadu did Kubla KhanA stately pleasure-dome decree:Where Alph, the sacred river, ranThrough caverns measureless to manDown to a sunless sea.
But oh! that deep romantic chasm which slantedDown the green hill athwart a cedarn cover!A savage place! as holy and enchantedAs e'er beneath a waning moon was hauntedBy woman wailing for her demon-lover!And from this chasm, with ceaseless turmoil seething,As if this earth in fast thick pants were breathing,
A mighty fountain momently was forced:Amid whose swift half-intermitted burstHuge fragments vaulted like rebounding hail,Or chaffy grain beneath the thresher's flail:And 'mid these dancing rocks at once and everIt flung up momently the sacred river.Five miles meandering with a mazy motionThrough wood and dale the sacred river ran,Then reached the caverns measureless to man,And sank in tumult to a lifeless ocean:And 'mid this tumult Kubla heard from farAncestral voices prophesying war!
PoetryRomantic poets found voice in powerful and evocative imagination that embraced the exotic and the unknownKubla Khan – Samuel Coleridge
The Romantic composers of the 19thC represent the Golden Age of classical music, famous for such men as Beethoven, Wagner and Tchaikovsky.
The Romantic movement gave rise to music with rich emotional expression that explored conflict, trauma, passion, freedom, liberty and transcendence.
An expression and exploration of the spirit of both the individual and mankind as a whole to suffer, struggle, endure, strive and triumph.
Deep, passionate and sometimes introspective exploration glorification of man and the natural world.
What mood, words or concepts might we attach to the following excerpts taken from Romantic period?
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v2E8bhDHESk Beethoven 5
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_CMo_mLNz38 Tchaikovsky Piano
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EoH9QOVSqX0 Brahms 2
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GWu8ND3SQzU Tchai vio http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L5C99JyP2ns lElgar