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Enhancement of OECD Unit Labour Cost 3 December 2010 Eun-Pyo HONG and Frédéric PARROT Competitiveness Indicators Unit PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Enhancement of OECD Unit Labour Cost 3 December 2010 Eun-Pyo HONG and Frédéric PARROT Competitiveness Indicators Unit . Contents. Objectives Definition Comparison with existing ULCs Data availability and Timeliness Methods to cope with missing data EEQ UCLs

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Enhancement of OECD Unit Labour Cost 3 December 2010 Eun-Pyo HONG and Frédéric PARROT Competitiveness Indicators Unit

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Contents

Enhancement of OECD Unit Labour Cost3 December 2010Eun-Pyo HONG and Frédéric PARROTCompetitiveness Indicators Unit


Contents

Contents

  • Objectives

  • Definition

  • Comparison with existing ULCs

  • Data availability and Timeliness

  • Methods to cope with missing data

  • EEQ UCLs

  • Remaining issues and challenges


Objectives

Objectives

  • Objectives:

  • to produce more timely and comparable seasonally adjusted quarterly ULCs for total economy for 35 countries (i.e. 33 member countries and two accession countries, Estonia and Russian Federation)

  • => Early Estimates of Quarterly ULCs (EEQ ULCs)

  • OECD System of Unit Labour Cost and Related Indicators

  • About 17,000 annual and quarterly series since 2007 (Most MSs and selected non-MSs) for 8 economic activities:

    • ULCs; Total labour cost, and output; Labour productivity; Labour compensation per unit labour input; Exchange rate adjusted ULCs; Real ULC or Income labour share; and PPP adjusted labour compensation per unit labour input

    • 8 economic activities: Total economy, Manufacturing, Industry, Construction , Trade, transport and communication, Finance and business services, Market services, and Business sector excluding agriculture


Definition of ulc

Definition of ULC

  • ULC = total labour cost / output

  • = (compensation of employees/value added)*self employment ratio

  • where self employment ratio

  • = hours worked for total employment/hours worked for employees; or

  • = total employment / number of employees (in case of missing data)

  • Note:

  • 1. Proxies for other variables are also in use, e.g.:

    • Wages and salaries for compensation of employees or

    • GDP expenditure for value added

  • 2. ULC = Labour compensation per unit of labour input / Labour productivity


Comparison with existing ulcs

Comparison with existing ULCs


Data availability

Data availability

  • Data sources:

  • QNA database and

  • Other databases (e.g. MEI) in case of missing information

  • Data availability in QNA database: 6 groups

  • Group 1: all necessary data are available - 13 EU countries (AUT, CZE, DNK, EST, FIN, FRA, DEU, IRL, ITA, NLD, POL, SVN, ESP);

  • Group 2: some SA CoE and/or SA HW are missing - 4 countries (HUN, NOR, SVN, SWE);

  • Group 3: most raw series are missing - 1 country (PRT);

  • Group 4: complete set of HW (raw and SA) is missing - 10 countries (AUS, CAN, ISR, JPN, USA,BEL, CHE, GBR, GRC, LUX);

  • Group 5: both CoE (raw and SA) and HW (raw and SA) are missing – 2 countries (KOR, NZL);

  • Group 6: insufficient information for EEQ ULC compilation - 5 countries (CHL, MEX, RUS, ISL, TUR).


Timeliness

Timeliness

  • EEQ ULCs can be compiled at T+75 days for 25 countries:

    • T+85 days or more: IRL, LUX, NLD, NZL, POL;

    • Not possible: CHL, ISL, MEX, RUS, TUR

  • Value added:

    • except IRL, LUX, NLD, NZL

  • Compensation of employees

    • except IRL, LUX, NLD, POL

  • Hours worked or employment

    • except GBR, IRL, LUX, NLD, POL


Data availability and timeliness

Data availability and timeliness


Methods to cope with missing data 1

Methods to cope with missing data (1)

  • UK: Labour Force Survey data are used instead of QNA employment data

  • Belgium, Greece and Slovenia: QNA employment & employees in persons used instead of QNA hours worked

  • Hungary: ULC Unit performed SA on QNA hours worked

  • Norway and Sweden: ULC Unit performed SA on QNA CoE and QNA employees' hours worked

  • Australia and Canada: LFS SA Civilian employment & employees used for QNA labour input

  • Japan: GDP was used for constant price value added and also used LFS Civilian employment & employees (SA by Labour Unit)

  • USA: LFS SA Civilian employment & BS SA Employees used for QNA labour input.

  • Korea: National quarterly proxy earnings series for QNA CoE; LFS civilian employment & employees; SA by ULC Unit of national quarterly earnings series, nsa


Methods to cope with missing data 2

Methods to cope with missing data (2)

  • Israel: QNA chained volume GDP by expenditure used instead of unavailable constant price gross value added; QNA CoE, nsa available until 2010Q1, 2010Q2 estimated by ULC Unit and SA by ULC unit until 2010Q2; QNA employment & employees in persons

  • New Zealand: National quarterly proxy earnings series for QNA CoE; LFS civilian employment & employees; SA by ULC unit of national quarterly earnings series, nsa

  • Switzerland: 2010Q2 for BS employees has been estimated by ULC Unit; then SA by ULC unit until 2010Q2; LFS Civilian employment used for QNA labour input

  • Portugal: CoE total economy from Eurostat until 2010Q1 and that of 2010Q2 was estimated by ULC Unit and SA by ULC Unit until 2010Q2


Eeq ulcs 1 percentage change on the previous quarter seasonally adjusted total economy

EEQ ULCs (1)(Percentage change on the previous quarter, Seasonally Adjusted, Total economy)


Contents

EEQ ULCs (2)(Broken down by Labour productivity and Labour compensation per unit of labour input 2010 Q2 - percentage change, SA, Total economy)


Issues and challenges

Issues and challenges

  • Availability of:

    • quarterly hours worked for all countries except 13 EU member countries

    • seasonally adjusted data at NSOs: direct vs. indirect SA

    • quarterly VA and CoE for some countries

    • Timely data for some countries

  • Development of ULCs for:

    • all new OECD MSs, i.e. Chile and Israel

    • all G20 countries, i.e. BRIICS, Saudi Arabia and Argentina

    • quarterly media release

  • Creation of proper procedures and database to facilitate production and dissemination of EEQ ULC


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