TRENDS AND CHANGES IN STI POLICIES INFLUENCED BY GLOBALISATION
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TRENDS AND CHANGES IN STI POLICIES INFLUENCED BY GLOBALISATION. HOW TO MEET THE CHALLENGE IN FINLAND'S STI POLICY TAMPERE, JUNE 4TH, 2008. Esko-Olavi Seppälä S&T Policy Council of Finland. Helsinki. FINLAND; the country. 338,000 sq. km 5,3 million people Capital Helsinki

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TRENDS AND CHANGES IN STI POLICIES INFLUENCED BY GLOBALISATION

HOW TO MEET THE CHALLENGE IN FINLAND'S STI POLICY

TAMPERE, JUNE 4TH, 2008

Esko-Olavi Seppälä

S&T Policy Council of Finland


Helsinki GLOBALISATION

FINLAND; the country

  • 338,000 sq. km

  • 5,3 million people

  • Capital Helsinki

  • 2 official languages

    • Finnish

    • Swedish

  • GDP per capita 2006 € 31,700

  • a member of

    • the European Union


Characteristics finland

Political consensus + citizens' support GLOBALISATION

Mutual trust between STI players

'Top-down and hands-off' <=> expert and funding-level (meso-level) activities have occupied a key role (Academy, Tekes, Sitra)

Economic crisis in early 1990s <=> ICT boom <=> technological innovation

In 2000s: technological + social innovation

Strengths (incl. high level of education) mostly self-created

CHARACTERISTICS/FINLAND


GDP IN FINLAND GLOBALISATION1985=100


R&D EXPENDITURE BY SECTOR GLOBALISATIONOF PERFORMANCE, million €

1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2006

Source: Statistics Finland


BREAKDOWN OF INVESTMENT IN R&D GLOBALISATIONIN 2005 BY SECTOR OF PERFORMANCE (% of GDP)

Enterprises UniversitiesPublic SectorTotal

OECD 1.55 0.40 0.302.25

U.S.A. 1.80 0.35 0.452.60

EU-27 1.10 0.400.251.75

Japan2.55 0.45 0.35 3.35

Canada 1.05 0.70 0.20 1.95

Finland 2.45 0.65 0.35 3.45

Source: OECD


R&D EXPENDITURE GLOBALISATION

IN FINNISH ENTERPRISES IN 2006

Chemicals

7%

Other industries

20½%

Engineering and metal products

11%

Other

manufacturing

industries

1½%

Food industry 1½%

Wood processing industry

2%

Electronic and electrical industries

56½%


Structure of gov t r d funding

Free ”competitive” funding GLOBALISATION

Basic institutional funding

STRUCTURE OF GOV'T R&D FUNDING

EUR

million

45%

40%

25%

55%

60%

75%


Government GLOBALISATION

(Gov't R&D funding 2008: 1 798 million Euro)

Science and Technology Policy Council

Ministry of

Education

(778 million €)

Ministry of

Employment and the

Economy

(673 million €)

Other

Ministries

(347 million €)

Academy of

Finland

(297 million €)

Finnish FundingAgency for Technologyand Innovation

(526 million €)

SITRA Fund

HE institutes and government research institutes

Enterprises, private research institutes,

funds and foundations, learned societies, intermediaries


SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY COUNCIL GLOBALISATIONOF FINLAND

CHAIRMAN

Prime Minister

DEPUTY CHAIRMEN

Minister of Education and Science

Minister of Economic Affairs

OTHER MINISTERS

Minister of Finance

+ 0 - 4 other ministers

10 OTHER MEMBERS

Academy of Finland

Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation (Tekes)

Industry and Commerce

Employees’ organisations

Universities

+ other members

Science Policy Subcommittee

Technology Policy Subcommittee

Council Secreteriat


FINNISH SCIENCE BAROMETER 2004 GLOBALISATION

Source: Finnish Science Barometer 2004

Esko-Olavi Seppälä / SB


SWOT ANALYSIS OF FINLAND'S R&D GLOBALISATION

  • A small domestic market area and population

  • Limited economic and intellectual resources

  • Fragmented research activities:

  • Resources allocated to a large number of small units

  • A small number of foreign students and researchers

  • The inflow of FDI is low


The situation in the mid-2000s GLOBALISATION

2000’s


Green line describes the situation in the 1990s GLOBALISATION

1990’s

2000’s


Main challenge

HOW TO RETAIN NATIONAL STRENGTHS AND COMPETITIVENESS IN THE FUTURE, IN OPEN GLOBAL COMPETITION?

THE "PACKAGE OF REFORMS" OF THE PRESENT GOVERNMENT:

- "THE BIG FIVE"

- GENERIC DEVELOPMENT ISSUES

- SELECTIVE MEASURES

MAIN CHALLENGE


Meeting the challenge i

THE BIG FIVE: THE FUTURE, IN OPEN GLOBAL COMPETITION?

Structural and other renewal of the HE institution

National innovation strategy

National infrastructure policy

Structural and other renewal of the sectoral research

Implementation of a four-stage research career system

MEETING THE CHALLENGE I


National innovation strategy
NATIONAL INNOVATION STRATEGY THE FUTURE, IN OPEN GLOBAL COMPETITION?


Meeting the challenge ii

GENERIC DEVELOPMENT ISSUES: THE FUTURE, IN OPEN GLOBAL COMPETITION?

Internationalisation

RDI funding

National target 4 % of GDP by 2011

Share of public funding around 30 %, i.e. 1.2 % of GDP (today about 1 %)

MEETING THE CHALLENGE II


Meeting the challenge iii

SELECTIVE DEVELOPMENT ISSUES: THE FUTURE, IN OPEN GLOBAL COMPETITION?

Strategic centres of excellence in STI ("SHOKs"):

A cluster-based PPP policy instrument

Example: www.forestcluster.com

Centres of expertise programme ("OSKE"):

A regionally driven cluster-based development programme (2007-2013)

MEETING THE CHALLENGE III


www.research.fi THE FUTURE, IN OPEN GLOBAL COMPETITION?


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