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Emotionally Abused Women. Amy Nuzum HDFS 402. What is Emotional Abuse?. Attitude or form of behavior, conscious or unconscious, that is intended to control another person through domination, intimidation, punishment, humiliation, or isolation

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Emotionally abused women

Emotionally Abused Women

Amy Nuzum

HDFS 402


What is emotional abuse
What is Emotional Abuse?

  • Attitude or form of behavior, conscious or unconscious, that is intended to control another person through domination, intimidation, punishment, humiliation, or isolation

  • Emotional abuse can be verbal, nonverbal, or physical


Prevalence
Prevalence

  • Emotional abuse is the most common type of abuse

  • Emotional abuse is the greatest predictor of physical abuse

  • It is more common for women to be emotionally abused by their partners; however, men can also be victims of emotional abuse


Signs of abuse
Signs of Abuse

  • Treated like a child

  • Feelings or opinions disregarded

  • Blamed for actions/behavior of partner

  • Questioned, accused, stalked

  • Can’t do anything right

  • Isolated from family & friends


Characteristics of abused women
Characteristics of Abused Women

  • Have low-self esteem

  • Feel incompetent

  • Feel worthless

  • Feel shame

  • Blame themselves

  • Avoid confrontation

  • Lack boundaries

  • Feel powerless over situation


Theories
Theories

Social Learning Theory (Bandura)

  • Experienced abuse as a child

  • Never developed a sense of autonomy or healthy self-perception

  • Attracted to abusive partners/relationships because that is what they know

    Attachment Theory (Bowlby)

  • Insecure attachment can increase a woman’s likelihood of being abused

  • Insecure attachment can increase a man’s likelihood to abuse


Consequences of abuse
Consequences of Abuse

  • Depression

  • Fearfulness

  • Drug Abuse

  • Suicide

  • Murder


Why doesn t she leave
Why doesn’t she leave?

  • Leaving is when the victim is in the most danger

  • Financial insecurity

  • Fear of losing children

  • Fear of being severely beaten or killed

  • Lack of faith in the legal system


Diagnosis
Diagnosis

  • Currently there is no formal diagnosis for a person that exhibits abusive behavior

  • American Psychological Association is creating a category Relational Disorders in the DSM-V (2012)

    • Includes Marital Conflict Disorder w/o Violence & Marital Abuse Disorder (Marital Conflict Disorder w/ Violence)


Treatment for abused
Treatment for Abused

  • Individual Therapy

  • Support Groups

  • Assertiveness Training

  • Positive Affirmations

  • Journaling


Local resources
Local Resources

  • ACCESS York

  • Angel’s Voices

  • Overcoming Powerlessness

  • YWCA Safe Home

  • Victim Assistance


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