Settling West: Exploring the Integration Experience of Recent Mainland
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Settling West: Exploring the Integration Experience of Recent Mainland Chinese Immigrants in Edmonton. Shibao Guo University of Calgary & Don DeVoretz RIIM/Simon Fraser University March 25, 2006. Outline. Contextual information A questionnaire approach Report of findings

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Settling West: Exploring the Integration Experience of Recent Mainland Chinese Immigrants in Edmonton

Shibao Guo

University of Calgary

&

Don DeVoretz

RIIM/Simon Fraser University

March 25, 2006


Outline
Outline Recent Mainland

  • Contextual information

  • A questionnaire approach

  • Report of findings

  • Conclusions and implications


Canadian immigration policy
Canadian Immigration Policy Recent Mainland

  • Pre-1967: racial background

  • 1967: the immigration point system

  • 1980s: business immigration program

  • 1990s: highly skilled immigrants

  • 2001 Census

    • 18.4% - born outside Canada

    • 13.4% - visible minorities

    • 1,029,400 Chinese Canadians


History of chinese immigrants
History of Chinese Immigrants Recent Mainland

  • 1858: Chinese arrived in Victoria

    • Coolie workers and chain migrants: CPR

    • From Guangdong & Fujian

    • Single men with rural origins

  • 1885 – 1923: head tax ($50 - $500)

  • 1923: Chinese Immigration Act

  • 1947: repeal of 1923 Act


Chinese emigration
Chinese Emigration Recent Mainland

  • China: isolated since 1949

  • 1973: establishment of diplomatic relations

  • Open door polices since 1978

  • 1990s: emigration phase


The chinese leaver stayer project
The Chinese Leaver-Stayer Project Recent Mainland

  • Examines the underlying forces that influence the “move-stay” decision for Chinese immigrants

  • Two stages

    1. Seeks understanding of the integration experience of Chinese immigrants in Canada

    2. The experience of Chinese immigrants who returned “home”

  • The Canadian portion of the project involves a matched study in five cities: Vancouver, Toronto, Montreal, Calgary, and Edmonton


Research questions
Research Questions Recent Mainland

  • Why do some people decide to leave while others stay?

  • Who leaves, who stays, and why?

  • Does Canada push them back home or do forces in their home country attract them back?

  • What are the integration experiences of those who stayed in Canada?

  • What are the policy implications?


The edmonton study
The Edmonton Study Recent Mainland

Focusing on the integration experience of recent Mainland Chinese immigrants in Edmonton


Questionnaire
Questionnaire Recent Mainland

  • Basic information

  • Motivations for immigrating

  • Integration experience in Canada

  • Concluding remarks


I basic information
I: Basic Information Recent Mainland



Ii motivations for immigrating to canada

a. Further Studies Recent Mainland

b. Higher Paying Job

c. More Job Security

d. Opportunities for Promotion

e. Less Stress

Family Reunion

Taking Care of Parents

Living in the Canadian Culture

i. Speaking English

Seeking New Opportunities

Acquiring Canadian Citizenship or Permanent Residency

Education for the Children

m. Natural Environment

n. Joining My Old Friends

o. Other Motivations

II. Motivations for Immigrating to Canada


Top five motivations for moving to canada
Top Five Motivations Recent Mainland for Moving to Canada


Top five major barriers preventing from achieving goals
Top Five Major Barriers Recent Mainland Preventing from Achieving Goals


Iii integration experience in canada
III: Integration Experience in Canada Recent Mainland

  • Any difficulties of integrating into Canadian society?

  • Employment experiences in Canada

  • Social experience

  • Impressions of Canada

  • Experience with government and non-government organizations


Top five major difficulties facing integration
Top Five Major Difficulties Recent Mainland Facing Integration


Iv concluding remarks
IV: Concluding Remarks Recent Mainland

  • What could the Canadian government do to help new Chinese immigrants integrate into Canadian society more effectively?

  • How could the two governments cooperate to help Chinese immigrants?

  • Anything else you’d like to add?


Policy implications
Policy Implications Recent Mainland

  • What can Canadian Government do to help retain this group of immigrants?

  • How can we facilitate immigrant’s access to the labour market?

  • What are the policy implications of this research to other immigrants in Canada?


Thank you

Thank you! Recent Mainland


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