JEFFERSON 1801-1809 and MADISON 1809-1813. THOMAS JEFFERSON. Home is Monticello, VA Pictured on the nickel & $2 bill 1 st President inaugurated in Washington, D.C. On Mount Rushmore; a state capital named after him Declaration of Independence Died on the 4 th of July
Home is Monticello, VA
Pictured on the nickel & $2 bill
1st President inaugurated in Washington, D.C.
On Mount Rushmore; a state capital named after him
Declaration of Independence
Died on the 4th of July
Suffered from migraines
Kept live bears on White House lawn; had a pet mockingbird
Made macaroni & cheese, waffles & ice cream popular
Swivel chair, folding chair
Hidden staircases, dumb waiters
First “copy machine”
“The rights of human nature are deeply wounded by this infamous practice of slavery.”
Independence in 1776, Jefferson blasted the
King’s involvement in the Atlantic slave trade
The Great Chief Justice
Stolen, held captive, sold, eventually reunited with the Shoshone Indians.
An interpreter and guide for Lewis and Clark in 1805-1806 with her husband Toussaint Charbonneau. She navigated carrying her son, Jean Baptiste, on her back. She traveled thousands of miles from the Dakotas to the Pacific Ocean.
The explorers said she was cheerful, never complained, and proved to be invaluable. She served as an advisor, caretaker, and is legendary for her perseverance and resourcefulness.
all merchant ships in BR ports
ATTACK ON THE CHESAPEAKE, 1807:
U.S. warship; stopped by BR for search;
U.S. refused. BR fired. Killed 3 &
wounded 18. U.S. surrendered, BR
boarded & carried off 4 sailors.
responds instead with EMBARGO ACT – Why?
& the Author
NOT as President
Saw slavery as politically, economically, and morally wrong
Indirectly freed one slave, rest were never freed
Pres. Of American Colonization Society
Felt that freed slaves could not live in white society, must be returned to Africa & compensation given to slave owners
Left $2,000 to society & proceeds from sale of his grist mill
Shawnee Indian; excellent leader and warrior
Formed a Confederation of Indians in the trans-Appalachian region
Brother, Tenskwatawa – the “Prophet” – a fanatic who is on moral crusade for Indians to give up white culture & reclaim their own
While Tecumseh is away, his forces defeated by William Henry Harrison at Battle of Tippecanoe
End of his Indian confederation by 1811
Westerners claimed that the confederation was actually a BR scheme & cried for war against BR
Tecumseh joins BR & dies fighting with them in War of 1812
THE WAR OF 1812
“Mr. Madison’s War”
“The Second War for Independence”
Federalists …. New
Americans win and
turn the British away after 25 hour bombardment.
BR then defeated at Plattsburg, NY - retreat to Canada & war is effectively over.
Francis Scott Key
Sheltered behind earthen parapet & cotton bales.
Picked off 2000 BR soldiers as they advance in open.