Organizational theory
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 31

Organizational Theory PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 50 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Organizational Theory. Organization. Greek Organon : meaning a tool or instrument. So, organizations are tools or instruments to meet goals, objectives, to carry out tasks. Theories as Frames:. Frames or Windows filter order the world Structural Frame Human Resource Frame

Download Presentation

Organizational Theory

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Organizational theory

Organizational Theory


Organization

Organization

  • Greek Organon:

    meaning a tool or instrument.

  • So, organizations are tools or instruments to meet goals, objectives, to carry out tasks.


Theories as frames

Theories as Frames:

  • Frames or Windows

    • filter

    • order the world

  • Structural Frame

  • Human Resource Frame

  • Political Frame

  • Cultural

  • Systems


Structural paradigm

Structural Paradigm

Image:A machine

Pyramid

Words:Efficient

Impersonal

Goal-driven

Phrase:The One Best Way


Structural assumptions

Structural Assumptions:

  • Exist to accomplish its goals

  • Problems usually reflect an inappropriate structure

  • Specialization permits higher levels of individual performance.

  • Coordination and control are accomplished best through the exercise of authority and impersonal rules.


Structural paradigm1

Structural Paradigm

  • Control

  • Control

  • Control


Truth or fiction

Truth or Fiction?

“Bureaucracy is the single best form of organization for providing consistency, predictability, stability, efficient performance, rationalism and professionalism.”


Which is true

Which is True?

Rules promote fairness and accountability in the conduct of public business.

Rules are also the enemy of progress and dispatch.


Human relations frame

Human Relations Frame

Image:Family

Words:Caring, Nurturing, Supportive

Spirit

Concepts: motivation, empowerment, development, communication


Human relations assumptions

Human Relations Assumptions

  • Organizations exist to serve human needs

  • Organizations need the ideas, energy, and talent that people provide


Incentives

Incentives

To get them to cooperate you must induce them to join the organization and then induce them to contribute.


Incentives1

Incentives

Material: money, compensation, bonuses

Personal: prestige, distinction, power

Values: loyalty

Opportunity: participation, efficacy

Security: job security, support


Follett

Follett:

“We cannot put the individual on one side and society on the other, we must understand the complete interrelation of the two. Each has no value, no existence without the other… There is no such thing as a self-made man.”


Where is your organization

Where is your organization?

  • Does it value people?

  • Does it treat people like adults?

  • Does it develop people?

  • Do managers treat employees as customers?


Political paradigm

Political Paradigm

  • The political frame views organizations as alive political arenas that house a complex variety of individuals and interest groups.

  • This is not about elections and elected positions.


Political paradigm1

Political Paradigm

Image:smoke-filled room battle

Words:wheeling and dealing

My way or no way.


Political paradigm2

Political Paradigm

“It is a world where men speak of moral principles but act on power principles; a world where we are always moral and our enemies always immoral.”


Political paradigm3

Political Paradigm

Morgan: "Power is the medium through which conflicts of interest are ultimately resolved."

Dahl: "Power involves an ability to get another person to do something that he or she would not otherwise have done."


Power paradigm assumptions

Power Paradigm Assumptions

  • Important decisions: allocation of scarce resources.

  • Organizations are coalitions composed of a number of individuals and interest groups

  • Individuals and interest groups differ in their values, preferences, beliefs, information, and perceptions of reality.

  • Goals and decisions emerge from ongoing processes of bargaining and negotiation among individuals and groups.


Human side of power

Power Over

power is scarce and limited

giving orders

punish non-compliance

negative beliefs about people

Power With

power increases when shared

orders are determined by the situation

participatory problem-solving

positive beliefs about people

Human Side of Power


Sources of power

Authority

Expertise

Control of Resources

Control of Process

Information

Personal

Sources of Power


Exercise

Exercise:

Who has power in your organization?

What are your sources of power?


Cultural paradigm

Cultural Paradigm

“A pattern of basic assumptions, invented, discovered, or developed by a given groups as the correct way to perceived, think and feel”


Cultural paradigm1

Cultural Paradigm

Words:norms, values

“The way it is done here”

“We don’t do that”

“our way.”

Image:village, anthropologist


Seidman agency culture and personality

Seidman: Agency culture and personality

“Attempts to change organizations without understanding its culture—norms, beliefs, and values—are bound to fail.


Open systems

Open Systems

Organizations can be seen as open systems, like organisms which constantly adapt to their internal and external environment

Image: organism

Words: flexible, fluid, changing


Systems paradigm

Systems Paradigm

What endures is process:

  • dynamic

  • adaptive

  • creative


Wheatley

Wheatley:

Life is an open system: “Open systems that engage with their environment and continue to grow and evolve.”


Assumptions

Assumptions

  • External conditions influence the flow of inputs, outputs and can affect the internal operations.

  • Organizations use many of their products, services, and ideals as inputs to organizational maintenance or growth


Assumptions1

Assumptions

  • Subsystems are all interrelated and influence each other;

  • Organizations are constantly changing.

  • An organization's success depends on its ability to adapt to its environment

  • Any level or unit within an organization can be viewed as a system.


Colleges universities

Colleges/Universities

  • Inputs?

  • Outputs?

  • Technology?

  • Goals and Strategies?

  • Behavior and Processes?

  • Culture?

  • Human Resources?

  • Structure?


  • Login