Michael k ttner belgrade serbia 19 february 2014
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Michael Köttner Belgrade , Serbia 19 February , 2014. GIZ DKTI Program „Development of a susatinable bioenergy market in Serbia “ Framework conditions for biogas production in Serbia Assessment of the biogas sector in Serbia – Summary of findings.

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Michael Köttner Belgrade , Serbia 19 February , 2014

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Michael Köttner

Belgrade, Serbia

19 February, 2014

GIZ DKTI Program „Development of a susatinablebioenergymarket in Serbia“Framework conditionsforbiogasproduction in SerbiaAssessmentofthebiogassector in Serbia – Summaryoffindings


Development in Germany related to Biogas technology

  • Over 100 regions, town and communities have +/- 100% supply in RE, ‏partly based on biogas

  • Special bioenergy villages supply heat and power with biogas as a base load

  • Some regions have biogas as their main electricity source

  • Town of Kirchberg an der Jagst has 105% RE coverage in electricity

  • Town has 3 biogas plants, 5 wind energy plants, 5 hydro power stations, many photovoltaic plants


Cumulated number of biogas plants


Tasks conducted

Background assessment

Stakeholder interviews

public stakeholders

commercial stakeholders

private stakeholders

Site visits at biogas plants


Background assessment

Basis: available literature on biogas or biomass sector in Serbia (e.g. UNDP Baseline Assessment, Guide for Investors, relevant legislation, papers from GIZ and others)

Assumptions & hypothesis:

Permitting procedure is too complicated

„One stop-shop“ is needed

Difficult financing due to late issuing of priviledged power producer status and secure biomass supply

Low level of knowledge on various administrative levels and at farmers


Stakeholder interviews

Interviews have been conducted with

Ministries on the national level

National energy agency

Provinical secretariat of energy and mineral ressources (Vojvodina)

Universities of Belgrade (Faculty of Mechanical engineering) and Novi Sad (Faculty of Technical Science)


Stakeholder interviews

Operators / Investorsofbiogasplantsorrepresentative

Financial institution (Erste Bank)

Biogas association

Energyconsultant

LawyerforEnergy Law


Existingbiogasplants in Serbia

Vist & Interview

Interview

Vist & Interview

Interview

Interview


Velvet Farm, ČurugKey data / Site visit

  • throughputapprox. 37.500 t/a

  • feedstock: cattleslurryanddung, sugarbeetpulp, cornsilage

  • 4.000 m³ digestervolumeHRT = 40 d

  • CHP: 635 kWelinstalled


Velvet Farm, ČurugPlausibility check plant sizing


Mirotin Group, VrbasKey data / Site visit

  • throughput: 45.960 t/a

  • feedstock: cattleslurry, sugarbeetpulp, agriculturalresidues

  • 5.300 m³ digestervolumeHRT = 60 d

  • CHP: 1,6 MWelinstalled


Velvet Farm, ČurugPlausibility check plant sizing

  • Not enoughdataavailable


Lazar Dairy, BlaceKey data / interview

  • throughput: approx. 27.000–30.000 t/a

  • feedstock: cattleslurry, whey, cornsilage (oldone), molasses (non-continuous?)

  • 3.750 m³ digestervolume (estimationbased on oral information)HRT = 45-50 d (calculated)

  • CHP: 1,0 MWelinstalled; real outputbetw. 600 kWeland> 900 kWel(appro-ximation)

www.dvoinc.net/howitworks.php


Plausibility check plant sizingLazar Dairy, Blaze, nomolasses


Plausibility check plant sizingLazar Dairy, Blace, withmolasses


Findings

Positive results

Biogas is on the agenda

Legal framework conditions (e.g. gridconnec-tion, feed-in-tariff (FiT)) have been established

Responsiblities of the authorities are defined

Procedures for aquiring permits are defined and have beenpublished

Buttherearemanybarriers.


Findings & BarriersEnergySector 1

FiTistoolow (andhasbeendecreasedcomparedtofirstimplementation) anddoesnot recognizethe real productioncosts

SerbiahasthelowestFiT in theregion

Applicationforpriviledged power producerstatusonly after completionofconstructionandstartofengine→ElectricitycannotbesoldtofullFiTfromthebeginning→ lost income

Low levelofknowledgeaboutbiogasatutilitycompanies


Findings & BarriersLegislation & Permits 1

Varyinglevelofknowledgeaboutbiogas (anddifferencebetweenbiogasandbiomassplants) both in national andin localauthorities→ longapprovalprocess

Applicationforpriviledged power producerstatusonly after completionofconstructionandstartofengine→ElectricitycannotbesoldtofullFiTfromthebeginning→ lost income

High level (national) but lowpriorityfiresafetyapproval→ delay


Findings & BarriersLegislation & Permits 2

Approvalprocedure / permittingprocedureis easy, wheninvestorhas a strong position in theregionandknowsthelocalauthoritieswell

WasteLaw: differentiationbetweenbiomassandwasteissometimesdifficult→barriertoutilise non-problematicwasteforenergyproduction (e.g. residuesfromjuiceproduction)


Findings & BarriersFinancing 1

Financingisonlypossiblewith high shareofownequityand / orownsupplyofsubstrates

Return on investmentis 12 yearsorlonger→toolongtobeattractive

Low trustofinvestors in thestabilityofSerbiangovernment, frequentchangesofframeworkconditions& no legal protectionofstatus quo (e.g. existingconstructionpermitbecomes illegal after amendmentoflaw) →hesistantinvestment


Findings & BarriersFinancing 2

Bad economicsituationoffarmers→difficulttoaccessfinancing (noattractivecustomer)

Population in South-Serbiapaysa lowpriceforelectricityandheat (crosssubventionfromthe northern consumers) →lowwillingnesstoinvest in a technologythat will increasecosts

Sometimesinvestorhastoco-financegridextensiontobiogasplant


Findings & BarriersAgriculturalSector 1

Highestbiogas potential isseen in agriculture, but agriculturalinstitutionsare not involved in deve-lopmentofbiogassector

Generally lowproductivityofagriculture

Underserbianconditionsonlythevery large agriculturalcompanieshavethemeansandknowledgetoimplementbiogasplants

Concentration in animalhusbandry→lowernumberoffarmswithhighernumberofheads


Findings & BarriersAgriculturalSector 2

Deliverycontractswithfarmersare not reliable, iffarmercansellthecropatbetterconditionssomewhereelse→ high degreeofownproductionrequiredtosecurebiomasssupply→ landdemand

Weakmeatindustryandreducednumberofanimalheadscomparedtopre-war times, supplyonlytolocalmarket

Slaughterhousesrun in averageon 50% capacity→ lowprofitability→ noinvestment in biogastechnology


Findings & BarriersBiogas Sector

Technology supplyfrom European orinternational companies→relatively high investmentcosts

No national database on substratespecific gas yields, German valuesaretakenasreference

No national laboratorytosupportorsupplyservicestothe national biogassector


RecommendationsLegislation 1

Re-calculation of FiT to make biogas plants econo-mically viable (maintenance & repair, replacements must be possible) →min 18 €ct/kWh would berequiredtobeattractive

1 coordinating authoritiy for the approval (one stop-shop) to reduce barriers for investors

Extend preliminary status of priviledged power producer to biogas plants (apply for status parallel to construction permit) → to smoothen thetransitionbetweentest-operationand normal operation + eliminatefinanciallossesfortheinvestor


RecommendationsLegislation 2

Involve agricultural sector with its structure & training facilities (manure management, demon-stration plant, agricultural advisors)

Investment subsidies to promote biogas technology as an emmission reduction technology

Fire safety assessment on local level to speed up permitting procedure

Establish an independent complaint office at higher level to open at least a 2. complaint instituton


RecommendationsAgriculture

Manure management and methane emissions are an issue → biogas plants help to solve this

Knowledge and a strategic approach is existing in the Ministry of Agriculture (e.g. Unit for Programming and Promotion of Rural Development) → should be involved more


RecommendationsGeneral

Capacitybuilding on all levels (ministry, localauthorities, farmers / investors, banks)

Collective residuedisposalplacesforsmallerfarms→feedstockfor „communal“ biogas plant →possiblywithdistrictheating „bioenergyvillage“

Serbianresearch on biogas→ national capacity / knowledge, biogas plant benchmarkingandsupportforoperators, might also be valid for WWT plants


Suggestion fornextsteps

  • Establishcontactandexchangeinformationwithotherprojects (e.g. dealingwithwastemanagement, manuremanagement, wastewatertreatment) toseewherecommongoalsmightbe

  • Involveagriculturalsectoranduseexistingstructure (e.g. agricultureextensionofficers, agricultureschools) fordemonstrationandpromotionofbiogas

  • Check optionstoestablish a national biogaslaboratory

  • Kick startwith a fewmore expert workshopsortrainingcourses


GIZ DKTI Program „Development of a susatinablebioenergymarket in Serbia“Framework conditionsforbiogasproduction in SerbiaAssessment ofthebiogassector in Serbia – Summary offindings

Questions?

IBBK Fachgruppe Biogas GmbH

Am Feuersee 6

D-74592 Kirchberg / Weckelweiler

Germany

Tel. 0049 (0)7954 926203

Fax. 0049 (0)7954 926204

www.biogas-zentrum.de

[email protected]


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