Packet 2 review
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Packet 2 Review. Monosaccharides Triglycerides Phospholipids Steroids Hemoglobin Insulin Glucagon Nucleic acids. Lipids that act as hormones Protein hormone that raises the glucose level in the blood Protein hormone that lowers the glucose level in the blood

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Packet 2 Review

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Packet 2 Review


Monosaccharides

Triglycerides

Phospholipids

Steroids

Hemoglobin

Insulin

Glucagon

Nucleic acids

Lipids that act as hormones

Protein hormone that raises the glucose level in the blood

Protein hormone that lowers the glucose level in the blood

Carry the genetic code for all life forms

Protein that carries oxygen in red blood cells

Lipids that make up cell membranes

Long-term energy storage molecules

Quick source of energy

Matching functions


Cellulose

Chitin

Starch

Glycogen

Plant

Animal

Long-term energy storage

Structure for the organism

Matching polysaccharide functions and organism that makes it (2 letters per number!)


Polypeptides

Polysaccharides

Nucleic acids

What are the monomers of…


Phospholipids

Nucleotides

Triglycerides

Steroids

What are the subunits of…


Identify the compounds below(Give me ALL the terms that apply)

B

C

A

B

A

D

E

F


A polysaccharide is made from 500 glucose monomers.A. What kind of reaction is this?B. How many bonds are formed?C. Is water a reactant (used) or a product (formed)?D. How many water molecules are involved?


What steroid is the base model for all other steroids?


Primary

Secondary

Tertiary

Quaternary

Two or more polypeptides bonded together.

Sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide

Hydrogen bonding between neighboring amino acids (amino and carboxyl groups)

Hydrogen and/or covalent bonding between R groups of distant amino acids.

Protein levels of structure


A triglyceride is digested into glycerol and 3 fatty acids with the formula C200H348O2). A. Was this a saturated or unsaturated triglyceride?B. Was this an oil or a fat?C. What kind of reaction was this?D. Was water a reactant or a product?E. How many water molecules were involved?


Monosaccharides H

Triglycerides G

Phospholipids F

Steroids A

Hemoglobin E

Insulin C

Glucagon B

Nucleic acids D

Lipids that act as hormones

Protein hormone that raises the glucose level in the blood

Protein hormone that lowers the glucose level in the blood

Carry the genetic code for all life forms

Protein that carries oxygen in red blood cells

Lipids that make up cell membranes

Long-term energy storage molecules

Quick source of energy

1

Matching functions


Cellulose A, D

Chitin B, D

Starch A, C

Glycogen B, C

Plant

Animal

Long-term energy storage

Structure for the organism

2

Matching polysaccharide functions and organism that makes it (2 letters per number!)


Polypeptides amino acids

Polysaccharides monosaccharides

Nucleic acids nucleotides

3

What are the monomers of…


Phospholipids glycerol, phosphate head (with organic molecule), saturated fatty acid, unsaturated fatty acid)

Nucleotides 5 carbon sugar, phosphate group, nitrogenous base

Triglycerides glycerol and 3 fatty acids

Steroids 5 fused carbon rings and a long hydrocarbon tail

4

What are the subunits of…


5

Identify the compounds below(Give me ALL the terms that apply)

B

Lipid, phospholipid

C

A

Lipid, triglyceride, saturated triglyceride/fat

B

A

Carbohydrate, monosaccharide, glucose

D

E

Lipid, steroid, cholesterol

F

Carbohydrate, disaccharide, maltose

Lipid, triglyceride, unsaturated triglyceride/oil


6

A polysaccharide is made from 500 glucose monomers.A. What kind of reaction was this?Dehydration synthesisB. How many bonds were formed?499C. Was water a reactant (used) or a product (formed)? ProductD. How many water molecules were involved? 499


7

What steroid is the base model for all other steroids?

cholesterol


Primary B

Secondary C

Tertiary D

Quaternary A

Two or more polypeptides bonded together.

Sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide

Hydrogen bonding between neighboring amino acids (amino and carboxyl groups)

Hydrogen and/or covalent bonding between R groups of distant amino acids.

8

Protein levels of structure


9

A triglyceride is digested into glycerol and 3 fatty acids with the formula C200H348O2). A. Was this a saturated or unsaturated triglyceride?UnsaturatedB. Was this an oil or a fat?OilC. What kind of reaction was this? Degradation hydrolysisD. Was water a reactant or a product? reactantE. How many water molecules were involved? 3


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