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This presentation is based on the work of Robert Marzano. This presentation is a visual representation of Chapter 2, Identifying Similarities and Differences from the book, Classroom Instruction That Works by Robert J. Marzano & Debra J. Pickering.

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Identifying Similarities & Differences

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Identifying

Identifying

Similarities & Differences

by Jennifer Jones, Lake Myra Elementary

based on the work of Robert Marzano’s

Classroom Instruction That Works


Similar or different

Similar or Different?

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Real world thinking

Real World Thinking

Identifying Similarities & Differences


4 thinking process tasks

4 Thinking Process Tasks

… of how items, events, processes,

words, things or concepts are similar

and different.

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Higher level thinking

Higher Level Thinking…

Identifying Similarities & Differences


For understanding content

for Understanding Content…

Identifying Similarities & Differences


At a deeper level

at a Deeper Level….

Identifying Similarities & Differences


For high yield results

For High Yield Results!

That when used, this strategy can yield a 45

percentile point increase in student

achievement! Research proves it works!

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Bridging known to new

Bridging

Known to New

Comparing

Classifying

Creating

Metaphors

...is identifying a

pattern in one

topic, then

finding a

different topic

that has the

same pattern.

Creating

Analogies

…is identifying

and articulating

S & D between

or among items

or ideas.

…is identifying

characteristics

and grouping

like items.

…is identifying

and analyzing

relationships

between ideas.

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Essential to the tasks

Essential to the Tasks

Students must understand:

• Characteristic

• Property

• Feature

• Attribute

• Trait

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Marzano s recommendations

Marzano’s

Recommendations

• give students a model for the process

• use familiar content to teach the steps

• give students graphic organizers

• both teacher directed guidance &

• student centered opportunities

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Layers of scaffolding

Layers of Scaffolding

Teacher

Directed-

Explicit

Guidance

Student

Directed-

Independently

Identifying

Sorting

Rule

Provided

Sorting

Rule Self-

Generated

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Comparing classifying

Comparing & Classifying

Listening for rhyming sounds, vowel sounds

Looking at letters, fonts, words carefully

Book Characters

Producers, Consumers, Decomposers

Freshwater & Saltwater

Tsunamis & Earthquakes

Solids & Liquids (Gas & Plasma)

Fiction & Non-fiction Features

Cultures/Holidays/Traditions

Numbers/Sets

Types of Music/Sounds/Art/Movement

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Thanks john

Thanks, John!

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Seeing logical relationships

Seeing Logical Relationships

Identifying Similarities & Differences


They will never have a relationship

…they will never have a

relationship!

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Teacher directed

Teacher Directed

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Science

Science

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Genres characters

Genres & Characters

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Assessment

Assessment

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Student directed

Student Directed

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Social studies

Social Studies

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Math venns

Math Venns

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Math technology

Math & Technology

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Science notebooks

Science Notebooks

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Cooperative learning

Cooperative Learning

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Venn pocket charts

Venn Pocket Charts

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Artifact venn

Artifact Venn

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Comparison matrix

Comparison Matrix

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Comparing story elements

Comparing Story Elements

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Comparing liquids their flow rates

Comparing Liquids

& their Flow Rates

Identifying Similarities & Differences


T charts

T-Charts

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Author study comparing texts

Author Study:

Comparing Texts

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Comparing

Comparing

when Reading & Writing

Compare

Words

Same

Contrast

Words

Different

Both

But

Alike

On the other

hand

Instead of

Similar

Compare to

In contrast to

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Your turn

Your Turn!

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Classifying rocks

Classifying Rocks

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Classifying numbers

Classifying Numbers

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Classifying words

Classifying Words

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Word sorts

Word Sorts

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Classifying spelling patterns

Classifying Spelling Patterns

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Affinity diagrams

Affinity Diagrams

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Sorting by attribute

Sorting by Attribute

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Sorting by hardness

Sorting by Hardness

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Sorting by size

Sorting by Size

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Your turn1

Your Turn!

• Sorting Game: Guess My Rule!

?

?

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Creating metaphors

Creating Metaphors

• Recognizing metaphors requires

identifying a pattern in one topic,

then finding a different topic that

has the same pattern.

• “Graphic organizers are not as

common with metaphors and

analogies.”

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Weather metaphors

Weather Metaphors

The school showered the families with

kindness.

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Creating analogies

Creating Analogies

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Analogies to teach vocabulary

Analogies to

Teach Vocabulary

+

are

to

Mr. Argent Ms. Lavery Lake Myra

Relationship: Both are important leaders of their people.

are

to

A king & queeen Their Kingdom

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Analogy caution

Analogy Caution

Identifying Similarities & Differences


What s essential

What’s Essential?

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Task differentiation

Task Differentiation

Thinking Task Graphic Organizer

Task Delivery

Differentiation

Differentiation of

Task Medium

Comparing

(& Contrasting)

Venn Diagram

Comparison Matrix

T-Chart

Frayer Model

Sorts-Word, Picture,

Sound, Objects

Classifying Organizer

Affinity Diagram

Teacher Directed

Teacher Guided

Student Directed

Student Generated

Sorting Rule Provided

Mystery Sorting Rule

Whole Group

Small Group

Cooperative Group

Partnership

Peer Coaching

Independent

Before/During/After

Formative Assessment

Team Time

Alternate Teacher

Homework

Chart Paper

Content Journal

Classroom Whiteboard

Small Whiteboard

Smartboard Lesson

Kidspiration

CD’s/Sounds

Paint/Baggies

Magnetic Letters

Word/Picture Cards

Objects

Manipulatives

Sticky Notes

Sorting Mats

Pocket Charts

Venn Rings

Books/Music

Classifying

Creating

Metaphors

Creating

Analogies

Identifying Similarities & Differences


Where are your students

Where Are Your Students?

Identifying Similarities & Differences


References

References

• http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/clipart/download.aspx

• http://www.presentationhelper.co.uk/venn-diagram-

template-653.htm

• http://www.tltguide.ccsd.k12.co.us/instructional_tools/Strate

gies/Strategies.html#similar

• http://www.netc.org/focus/strategies/iden.php

• www.graphic.org

• www.bradfitzpatrick.com

• www.fotolia.com

• www.microsoft.clipartgallery.com

Identifying Similarities & Differences


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