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PLURALS ANDPOSSESSIVE. ENG3C. Plural Forms. Indicates simply that there are more than one of the person or thing in question. For most, the plural form includes the letter "s" at the end of the word: Dogs Trees Turtles. S, Z, CH, SH, X.

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Plural forms
Plural Forms

  • Indicates simply that there are more than one of the person or thing in question.

  • For most, the plural form includes the letter "s" at the end of the word:

    Dogs Trees Turtles


S z ch sh x
S, Z, CH, SH, X

  • Nouns with these letters at the end call for an "es" in the plural form.

    beaches foxes wishes


O

  • Some nouns ending in o are pluralized with an "s," while others call for "es."  

  • No simple rule to explain the differences.

    Echoes Potatoes

    Autos Pimentos

    Heroes Vetoes

    Memos Pros


Y

  • To form the plural of nouns ending in y, drop the y and add "ies."

    Family becomes families Story becomes stories

    Baby becomes babies


Irregular plural forms
Irregular Plural Forms

Man becomes menWoman becomes womenFungus becomes fungiThief becomes thieves (note that not all words ending in "f" follow this pattern: roof/roofs)Species remains speciesMedium becomes mediaPerson becomes people


Singular possessive form
Singular Possessive Form

  • A possessive form of a noun signifies that the noun owns something:

  • An apostrophe followed by the letter "s."

    Kramer's hairDaphne's patiencethe car's engine

  • Words ending with s, z or x generally omit the "s."

    Dr. Seuss' sense of humor


Plural possessive form
Plural Possessive Form

  • You must first be certain of the plural form

  • For plural nouns ending in "s," add only an apostrophe:

    Singers' voices The cousins' favorite uncle

  • For plural nouns not ending in "s," add an apostrophe and "s."

    Men's clothing Children's books


Possessive pronouns
Possessive Pronouns

  • Take the place of possessive nouns

    • Amy lost Amy’s dog.

    • Amy lost her dog.

  • Possessive singular pronouns:

    • My, mine

    • Your, yours

    • His, her, hers, its

  • Possessive plural pronouns:

    • Our, ours

    • Your, yours

    • Their, theirs


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