Plurals andpossessive
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PLURALS ANDPOSSESSIVE. ENG3C. Plural Forms. Indicates simply that there are more than one of the person or thing in question. For most, the plural form includes the letter "s" at the end of the word: Dogs Trees Turtles. S, Z, CH, SH, X.

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PLURALS ANDPOSSESSIVE

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Plurals andpossessive

PLURALS ANDPOSSESSIVE

ENG3C


Plural forms

Plural Forms

  • Indicates simply that there are more than one of the person or thing in question.

  • For most, the plural form includes the letter "s" at the end of the word:

    DogsTreesTurtles


S z ch sh x

S, Z, CH, SH, X

  • Nouns with these letters at the end call for an "es" in the plural form.

    beachesfoxeswishes


Plurals andpossessive

O

  • Some nouns ending in o are pluralized with an "s," while others call for "es."  

  • No simple rule to explain the differences.

    EchoesPotatoes

    AutosPimentos

    HeroesVetoes

    MemosPros


Plurals andpossessive

Y

  • To form the plural of nouns ending in y, drop the y and add "ies."

    Family becomes familiesStory becomes stories

    Baby becomes babies


Irregular plural forms

Irregular Plural Forms

Man becomes menWoman becomes womenFungus becomes fungiThief becomes thieves (note that not all words ending in "f" follow this pattern: roof/roofs)Species remains speciesMedium becomes mediaPerson becomes people


Singular possessive form

Singular Possessive Form

  • A possessive form of a noun signifies that the noun owns something:

  • An apostrophe followed by the letter "s."

    Kramer's hairDaphne's patiencethe car's engine

  • Words ending with s, z or x generally omit the "s."

    Dr. Seuss' sense of humor


Plural possessive form

Plural Possessive Form

  • You must first be certain of the plural form

  • For plural nouns ending in "s," add only an apostrophe:

    Singers' voicesThe cousins' favorite uncle

  • For plural nouns not ending in "s," add an apostrophe and "s."

    Men's clothingChildren's books


Possessive pronouns

Possessive Pronouns

  • Take the place of possessive nouns

    • Amy lost Amy’s dog.

    • Amy lost her dog.

  • Possessive singular pronouns:

    • My, mine

    • Your, yours

    • His, her, hers, its

  • Possessive plural pronouns:

    • Our, ours

    • Your, yours

    • Their, theirs


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