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Little Emotional Albert. Julia Tomasson Reed Joern. Background. Watson and Rayner - Where do our emotions come from? -Freud -Behavioral movement in 1920s - Emotions = conditioned responses. Experiment and Methods.

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Little emotional albert

Little Emotional Albert

Julia Tomasson

Reed Joern


Background
Background

  • Watson and Rayner

  • -Where do our emotions come from?

  • -Freud

  • -Behavioral movement in 1920s

  • -Emotions = conditioned responses


Experiment and methods
Experiment and Methods

  • We are not born with our fear of rats, it is learned through conditioning

  • Little Albert B

  • Neutral stimuli

    • White rat, rabbit, monkey, dog, masks with and without hair, white cotton wool

  • Unconditional stimulus

    • Steel bar struck with hammer behind Albert = fear

  • Generalization

    • Fear transferred to object. Object = rat + similar objects


Findings and conclusion
Findings and Conclusion

  • Original

    • Cry and whimper whenever exposed to rat or similar objects negative responses immediately

  • 5 days later

    • Tested

    • Fear exhibited.

      • Blocks played as usual

      • Noise fear and crying

      • Dog, dog + noise

      • Rat, rat + noise

      • Rabbit, rabbit + noise


Significance
Significance

  • -Human behavior stems from learning and conditioning

  • -Freud = wrong

  • -Not readily accepted by psychological community

  • -Emotions = learned

  • -Emotional disturbances in adults not always because of sexual traumas in childhood (Freud)


Ethical issues and controversy
Ethical Issues and Controversy

  • -Trauma on young child, potential effects?

  • -Innocent child

  • -Never reconditioned

  • -Watson claimed that conditioned fears would persist continually disputed

  • -Extinction


Recent applications
Recent Applications

  • Facial expression in infants (Sullivan, Lewis, 2003)

  • Origins and treatment of phobias

  • Phobias genetic factors (Kendler, Karkowski, Prescott, 1999)

  • NATURE vs. NURTURE

  • Watson and Rayner Little Albert Experiment quoted for support of Nurture


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