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Little Emotional Albert. Julia Tomasson Reed Joern. Background. Watson and Rayner - Where do our emotions come from? -Freud -Behavioral movement in 1920s - Emotions = conditioned responses. Experiment and Methods.

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little emotional albert

Little Emotional Albert

Julia Tomasson

Reed Joern

background
Background
  • Watson and Rayner
  • -Where do our emotions come from?
  • -Freud
  • -Behavioral movement in 1920s
  • -Emotions = conditioned responses
experiment and methods
Experiment and Methods
  • We are not born with our fear of rats, it is learned through conditioning
  • Little Albert B
  • Neutral stimuli
    • White rat, rabbit, monkey, dog, masks with and without hair, white cotton wool
  • Unconditional stimulus
    • Steel bar struck with hammer behind Albert = fear
  • Generalization
    • Fear transferred to object. Object = rat + similar objects
findings and conclusion
Findings and Conclusion
  • Original
    • Cry and whimper whenever exposed to rat or similar objects negative responses immediately
  • 5 days later
    • Tested
    • Fear exhibited.
      • Blocks played as usual
      • Noise fear and crying
      • Dog, dog + noise
      • Rat, rat + noise
      • Rabbit, rabbit + noise
significance
Significance
  • -Human behavior stems from learning and conditioning
  • -Freud = wrong
  • -Not readily accepted by psychological community
  • -Emotions = learned
  • -Emotional disturbances in adults not always because of sexual traumas in childhood (Freud)
ethical issues and controversy
Ethical Issues and Controversy
  • -Trauma on young child, potential effects?
  • -Innocent child
  • -Never reconditioned
  • -Watson claimed that conditioned fears would persist continually disputed
  • -Extinction
recent applications
Recent Applications
  • Facial expression in infants (Sullivan, Lewis, 2003)
  • Origins and treatment of phobias
  • Phobias genetic factors (Kendler, Karkowski, Prescott, 1999)
  • NATURE vs. NURTURE
  • Watson and Rayner Little Albert Experiment quoted for support of Nurture
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