Japanese internment camps
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 24

Japanese Internment Camps PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 118 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Japanese Internment Camps. On December 7, 1941, the Imperial Japanese Navy attacked Pearl Harbor, bringing the United States into World War II.

Download Presentation

Japanese Internment Camps

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Japanese internment camps

Japanese Internment Camps


Japanese internment camps

On December 7, 1941, the Imperial Japanese Navy attacked Pearl Harbor, bringing the United States into World War II.

  • December 7, 1941 also changed the lives of 125,000 Japanese Americans, both Issei (first generation) and Nisei (second generation – born in America). Hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor, U.S. security personnel began rounding up and arresting prominent Japanese Americans as “security risks”. Within a week, more than 2,000 Issei were behind bars.

  • The press responded with a wave of paranoid hysteria, publishing attacks on Japanese Americans and calling them as spies, saboteurs, and enemy agents. Japanese Americans throughout the West Coast began to be forced out of jobs, and attacked in public places.


Japanese internment camps

In February, 1942, President Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066, which authorized the U.S. military to evacuate any and all persons from “military areas” and provide new living arrangements for them elsewhere.


Japanese internment camps

  • In March, the army issued its first Civilian Exclusion Orders, requiring that “all Japanese persons, both alien and non-alien”, to be evacuated from a number of areas on the Pacific coast and confined to “relocation camps” further inland. By the middle of November, all of California and much of Washington and Oregon had been declared military areas, and 100,000 Japanese Americans, Nisei and Issei, had been relocated. By the end of the war in 1945, 125,000 people, half of them children, had spent time in what even Roosevelt admitted were concentration camps.


Japanese internment camps

Japanese Americans were given one week in which to register with the authorities, gather whatever possessions they could carry, and report to an assembly center. They were required to sell all their assets in a few days. Homeowners were required to sell their houses, and business owners their farms, stores and restaurant. Because they only had one week to do this, they frequently had to sell at steep discounts. In addition, families were told to bring only what they could carry, such as household items needed for everyday living. Pets were left behind.


Japanese internment camps

Once they reached the assembly centers, they

waited to be transported to their assigned internment camps.


Japanese internment camps

This action was, unfortunately, met with almost universal approval by the non-Japanese-American population, and was accepted largely without question. To make matters worse, this was thought to be necessary on the mainland, but not in Hawaii, where the large Japanese-Hawaiian population went largely unmolested. The army was never required to prove that the Americans interned posed any military threat, or that the relocation in any way made the nation safer from attack. No Japanese American was EVER convicted of any act of sabotage during World War II.


Japanese internment camps

Camps were located in Utah, Idaho, Arizona, Wyoming, Colorado, Arkansas and California. Each had been chosen for its remoteness. For most internees they must have seemed as alien as the surface of the moon.


Japanese internment camps

Life in the camps was similar to the military. Internees slept in barracks or small compartments with no running water, took their meals in vast mess halls, and went about most of their daily business. Physical mistreatment was rare, but the armed guards and the ever-present snipers in the watchtowers were a constant reminder of their residents’ status.


Japanese internment camps

Barracks at Minidoka

Photo taken 7/08


Japanese internment camps

Over time, life in the internment camps began to follow its own routine. Students went to school, and adults had jobs, usually farming. Each camp had a governing council, as well as newspapers, businesses, sports teams, concerts, and places of worship.


Japanese internment camps

Unfortunately, the informal social life of the camps eroded many of the Japanese traditions. Teens could eat meals with their friends, rather than their parents.


Japanese internment camps

More importantly, paying jobs were only given to the Nisei – the U.S. born children of the Issei. This forced the Nisei to become the breadwinners, whereas their parents, the Issei, who had built up businesses of their own outside the camps, found themselves “benched”.


Japanese internment camps

Throughout the war, interned Japanese Americans protested against their treatment and insisted that they be recognized as loyal Americans. Many sought to demonstrate their patriotism by trying to enlist in the armed forces. Although early in the war Japanese Americans were barred from military service, by 1943 the army had begun actively recruiting Nisei to join all Japanese American units. Most worked in Europe, but a few were sufficiently fluent in Japanese to work as translators in the Pacific.


Japanese internment camps

After the War:

The families that had been interred had to rebuild their lives. Many people had put their possessions into storage before they went into the camps. When they returned, they found those possessions stolen or vandalized. Others, who had entrusted their business to friends, found the business sold without their knowledge. Others were lucky, however, and found that friends and neighbors had protected their property.


Japanese internment camps

In 1948, President Truman signed the Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, which was intended to provide some compensation for the financial losses of evacuation.

In 1988, Congress implemented the Civil Liberties Act, apologizing on behalf of the nation for the “grave injustice” done to persons of Japanese ancestry. Congress declared that the internments had been “motivated largely by racial prejudice, wartime hysteria, and a failure of political leadership”, and authorized $20,000 payment to Japanese Americans who had been interred during World War II.


Japanese internment camps

Finally, in October 1990, President George H.W. Bush, issued a letter of apology to each of the Japanese American families interred during World War II.


Japanese internment camps

Notes:

Japanese Internment Camps:

  • Japanese Americans were sent to Internment camps in 1942.

  • 125,000 Japanese Americanswere sent to camps in Arizona, Utah, Colorado, Arkansas and Idaho.

  • Life in the camps was similar to the military.

  • Students went to school, and adults had jobs

  • By 1943, the army had begun actively recruiting 2nd Generation Japanese Americans to join all Japanese American units.

  • In 1945, the Japanese Americans were released from camp, and allowed to return to their former lives.


  • Login