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Utopian Society. By Trajan Harris and Jesus Juarez. Utopia. The ideal utopian society. Often considered an imaginary place A perfect society Established laws, governments, and societies that were considered ideal. Utopia. Utopia. Perfect community and government

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Utopian society

Utopian Society

By Trajan Harris and Jesus Juarez


Utopia

Utopia

The ideal utopian society

Often considered an imaginary place

A perfect society

Established laws, governments, and societies that were considered ideal


Utopia1

Utopia

Utopia

Perfect community and government

Special rules for families and marriage

Certain beliefs in education and careers

Ideal religious and medical practices


Shakers

Shakers

1889 North Union Settlement of Shakers

  • Known as the United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Coming

  • Established by Ann Lee in 1758 in England

  • Arrived in the United States in 1774

  • Created special religious expressions:

    • Living in communes

    • Productive labor

    • Equality among genders

    • Known for dancing (shaking)


The rappites

The Rappites

The Margaret Fuller Cottage at Brook Farm in Suffolk, Massachusetts

Known as the Harmony Society

Similar beliefs as the Shakers

Established by Johann Georg Rapp

Came from Germany in 1803

Formed a colony in Butler County, Penn.


Community

Community

Map of utopian community

Everyone in the community had to contribute the same amount of effort, despite their job

No crime or violence was allowed

Everyone was treated equal

No firearms or explosives were allowed (small firearms were allowed for hunting)


Government

Government

Members of the community building a school

  • Had no contact with anyone outside the community

  • The society had very few laws

  • They did not have lawyers within the community


Government1

Government

Members of the community

  • The people of the colony were represented by two layers of publicly elected officials(the lower level selected the higher level

    • The prince (the father, he was elected by the syphogrants)

    • Protophylarchs (elected each year from the scholar class)

    • Syphogrants (elected each year)

    • Scholars


Family

Family

Utopian family

A family had at least 10 members but no more than 16 members

Members had to get permission to have children

The oldest male of the family was head of the family


Marriage

Marriage

Utopian family

The women were married out but the men were required to live at home

Women married at 18 and men at 22

Wives served their husbands

Divorce was permitted in cases of adultery


Education

Education

Children at school

Children went to school five days a week (unless they are needed in the field)

They taught children moral values and respect

They learned to read, write, and math

Education was based on the principles of religion


Careers

Careers

Women weavers in the community

  • All members learned how to farm

  • Other job in the community:

    • Weavers (women)

    • Carpenters

    • Brick masons

    • Blacksmith

  • Young boys learned jobs from their fathers


Careers1

Careers

Brook Farm

The economy was communal based (they gave each other food and other items)

Everyone had land to farm

The community did not have money

All the houses were built the same

No modern technology


Religion

Religion

Members of the community

  • Christianity/ Protestant Reformation

    • Shakers (believed in the Second Coming)

    • Rappites

    • The Oneida Community

  • Transcendentalism/ Social Reform

    • New Harmony (Brook Farm)


Religion1

Religion

Church in the community

Earlier utopias were based on religion

Christianity was primary beliefs

Had a strong relationship with God

Did not worship idle possessions

Later utopias were in search of social perfection instead of religion


Medical rules

Medical Rules

Hospital

They took care of the sick

They had hospitals in the community

They had doctors


Utopia2

Utopia

Painting of the New Harmony utopian community

People created utopias to make a perfect place

They wanted people to follow certain rules

They did not want to rely on material things

Many of the utopias were not successful


References

References

The Amana Colonies www.nps.gov

Utopia by Sir Thomas More www.oreganstate.edu

Book of Utopia 1 www.thomasmorestudies.org

Book of Utopia 2 www.thomasmorestudies.org


References1

References

Purity the Utopian Society www.puritytheutopiansociety.webly.com

An Explosion of New Thought www.ushistory.gov

www.dipity.com


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