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Forum on African Statistical Development FASDEV II Addis Ababa, 6-10 February 2006. Building Statistical Capacity to Monitor Development Francesca Perucci United Nations Statistics Division. Francesca Perucci United Nations Statistics Division. Global monitoring

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Francesca perucci united nations statistics division

Forum on African Statistical Development

FASDEV II

Addis Ababa, 6-10 February 2006

Building Statistical Capacity to Monitor DevelopmentFrancesca PerucciUnited Nations Statistics Division

Francesca Perucci

United Nations Statistics Division


Monitoring the mdgs

Global monitoring

To inform the international political debate

To sensitize public opinion on global development issues

To help development partners identify priorities

To improve coordination and collaboration within the international community

National monitoring

To raise awareness and help focus national debate on development issues

To help set national priorities

Both have been instrumental to increase the demand and promote the use of statistics for policy making and monitoring

Monitoring the MDGs


Monitoring the mdgs and the impact on statistical systems

Monitoring requirements in countries have increased the demand for official statistics

National and international reports have increased the visibility of official statistics

Monitoring reports are important advocacy tool for strengthening statistical capacity and improving statistics

Monitoring requirements have called the attention to shortcomings in the availability of data

Monitoring the MDGs and the impact on statistical systems


Few countries can produce all necessary data

Few countries can produce all necessary data

MDG Indicators

database

48 indicators

192 countries

1990-2005


Availability of data for selected indicators by region

Availability of data for selected indicators by region

LATIN AMERICA &

CARIBBEAN

AFRICA

ASIA

CIS

Northern

SS Africa

Eastern

South-

Eastern

South

Oceania

Western

Europe

Asia

1. % pop. under $1 per day

Some trend

Some trend

Trend

Some trend

Some trend

Trend

No data

Trend

Some trend

Some trend

6. Primary net enrolment ratio

Some trend

Some trend

Trend

Some trend

Some trend

Trend

Some trend

Some trend

Some trend

Some trend

11. Share women wage employment

Some trend

No trend

Some trend

Some trend

Some trend

Some trend

No trend

Some trend

Some trend

Some trend

13. Under-five mortality rate

Trend

Trend

Trend

Trend

Trend

Trend

Trend

Trend

Trend

Trend

16. Maternal mortality ratio

No trend

No trend

No trend

No trend

No trend

No trend

No trend

No trend

No trend

No trend

21. Prevalence of Malaria

No trend

No trend

No trend

No trend

No trend

No trend

No trend

No trend

No trend

No trend

31. Access to improved sanitation-urban

Some trend

Some trend

No trend

Some trend

Some trend

Some trend

No trend

Some trend

No trend

No trend

More than 80% of countries in the region

Between 50% and 80% of countries in the region

Less than 50% of countries in the region


A large part of country data are estimates prepared by international agencies

A large part of country data are estimates prepared by international agencies

Latin America &

Caribbean

AFRICA

ASIA

CIS

South-

Eastern

Northern

SS Africa

Eastern

Southern

Western

Oceania

Europe

Asia

No trend

11. Share women wage employment

73%

64%

Asia

47%

51%

37%

35%

37%

26%

26%

29%

34% of available data are ILO estimates

AFRICA

ASIA

CIS

Latin America &

Caribbean

South-

Eastern

Northern

SS Africa

Eastern

Southern

Western

Oceania

Europe

Asia

16. Maternal mortality ratio

100%

92%

87%

63%

64%

78%

60%

45%

33%

0%

57% of available data are WHO estimates


Assessment of countries capacity to produce the indicators

Assessment of countries’ capacity to produce the indicators

  • Need to assess ability of countries to produce data on MDG indicators

  • Friends of the chair (FOC) group was established at the request of the 36th Statistical Commission

  • Exercise undertaken by UNSD under the guidance of the FOC

  • Assessment based on:

    1. Available MDG country-level data in the international statistical system

    Country data → International Agencies→ UNSD

    2. Feedbacks from NSOs(ongoing process)


Francesca perucci united nations statistics division

How many countries can produce MDG

indicators?

Countries in Africa with at least 2 data

points for any given indicator

* Based on data produced by countries


Francesca perucci united nations statistics division

How often are the necessary data produced?

Countries in Africa with at least 3 data points for any given indicator

* Based on data produced by countries


Capacity to produce mdg indicators in africa

Capacity to produce MDG indicators in Africa

Child mortality

Enrolment in primary school

Water and sanitation

Women in parliament

Most often available

At least 2 data points in 80% of the countries

Least often available

Data available in less than 20% of the countries

Youth unemployment

TB prevalence and deaths

Population in slums


Conclusions and implications for capacity building

Conclusions and implications forcapacity building

  • Country data in Africa are available for most of the indicators but less frequently than elsewhere

  • Country data are less recent

  • Lack of data especially in some crucial areas such as employment


Conclusions and implications for capacity building continued

Conclusions and implications forcapacity building (continued)

  • Results of the assessment were presented

    • at the 8th Meeting of the IAEG on MDG Indicators (Rome, Oct. 2005)

    • at the Meeting on MDG Indicators of the ECOWAS countries (Cape Verde, Dec. 2005)

  • Results were circulated to national statistical offices of all member states

  • Discussion on countries’ capacity to take place at the next Statistical Commission in March 2006


Countries recommendations at the 8 th iaeg on mdg indicators

Countries’ recommendations at the 8th IAEG on MDG Indicators

  • Develop a strategic national statistical master plan which should be based on country’s needs rather than be driven by international agencies’ priorities and defined by the NSO together with all the stakeholders in the country

  • Establish an NSO that is fully independent and with a clear mandate for the collection, processing and dissemination of official statistics supported by a strong political commitment

  • Seek support from international partners only to cover specific costs in accordance with the plan and balance the national budget- and donors-supported projects

  • Improve coordination with line ministries producing statistics

  • Set up career incentives to retain qualified staff

  • Ensure sustainability, by ensuring that national statistical initiatives are largely covered by national budgets and supported by a strong government commitment


Countries recommendations at the meeting on mdg indicators in ecowas

Countries’ recommendations at the Meeting on MDG Indicators in ECOWAS

  • Adopt a National Strategy for the Development of Statistics (NSDS)

  • Improve coordination of statistical activities, on the basis of the framework provided by NSDS

  • Strengthen collaboration among data producers at national level

  • Strengthen the reporting mechanism between countries and international agencies

  • Strengthen data analysis capacity of NSO staff

  • Establish national statistical systems in post conflict situations

  • Improve civil registration systems as best source of mortality and health statistics

  • Increase the frequency of Surveys

  • Create an information network on the MDGs for the ECOWAS countries

  • Conduct a population and housing census every 10 years


Building statistical capacity

The challenge

Ensuring that the necessary statistics and indicators be made available in the short term to allow countries to monitor progress and inform the necessary policies

Ensuring that indicators be available in the short-term at the international level for global monitoring

Developing sustainable statistical systems in countries

Building statistical capacity


Building statistical capacity1

A way forward

Strengthen the network of national statisticians in the region and the dialogue across regions

Step up the discussion to the political level (from the region to the UN Stat Comm to ECOSOC and GA)

Bring the demand for technical and financial assistance to donors within a consistent framework (bilateral and multilateral donors should improve their coordination mechanisms)

Building statistical capacity


Building statistical capacity2

The role of UNSD

UNSD works at the request of member states/national statistical offices, through the Statistical Commission, and plays a key role in ensuring that countries priorities are considered in the delivery of financial and technical assistance

All areas of work aim at fostering statistical development in all member countries

Data compilation and dissemination

Development of internationally agreed standards and recommendations, technical guidelines and manuals

Direct assistance to countries (regional and sub-regional training, ad hoc missions)

Development projects

Building statistical capacity


Building statistical capacity3

The approach

Technical cooperation programmes to be demand-driven, responsive to local conditions, nationally controlled and well coordinated

Technical assistance to be provided based on countries’ demand and on the priorities identified by countries

Building statistical capacity


Building statistical capacity4

UNSD Activities

Building statistical systems

structural factors

programme factors

Population Census Programme

Vital statistics from civil registration systems

Household surveys

Good statistical governance

Linked to the Division’s mandate of promoting the Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics

Knowledge transfer

Training in the production of indicators

Training in the production of statistics in all areas covered by its regular work programme—economic statistics, social and demographic statistics, trade statistics, environment statistics, classifications, development and MDG indicators and monitoring

Building statistical capacity


Building statistical capacity5

Examples of UNSD Activities in 2004-05

28 training workshops, covering 110 National Statistical Offices

Technical advisory missions to 27 countries in the areas of information technology in statistics, statistical organization and management, national accounts and population and housing censuses

The regional development account project in the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) region

(The regional development account is a funding mechanism provided by the General Assembly. The various development sectors inside the United Nations compete for these funds by presenting project proposals which have a strong regional capacity building orientation)

Building statistical capacity


Building statistical capacity6

Other important functions of UNSD

Continuous dialogue and collaboration with UN-system and other international agencies (throughCCSA, IAEG on MDGs, etc.)

Link with political debate/decision making, through ECOSOC

Continuous dialogue with national statistical institutions and policy makers

Building statistical capacity


Francesca perucci united nations statistics division

THANK YOU


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