TSP Number 052-E-1005
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TSP Number 052-E-1005 Comply with host nation, federal, state and local environmental protection laws and regulations. July 2008. Terminal Learning Objective. ACTION: Comply with host nation, federal, state and local environmental protection laws and regulations.

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July 2008

TSP Number 052-E-1005Comply with host nation, federal, state and local environmental protection laws and regulations

July 2008


July 2008

Terminal Learning Objective

  • ACTION: Comply with host nation, federal, state and local environmental protection laws and regulations.

  • CONDITION: As a Soldier performing assigned duties in a garrison, training or deployed environment, and given access to environmental guidance provided in the references.

  • STANDARD: Comply with environmental legal requirements by implementing specific environmental duties during mission activities, applying environmentally sustainable practices to common activities and taking the appropriate course of action in the absence of guidance.


July 2008

Safety, Risk andEnvironmental Concerns

  • Safety Requirements: None

  • Risk Assessment Level: Low

  • Environmental Considerations: Training entirely of an administrative nature, with little or no environmental impact


July 2008

References

  • TM 38-410 Storage and Handling of Hazardous Material

  • FM 3-100.4 Environmental Considerations in Military Operations

  • TC 3-34.489 The Soldier and the Environment

  • FM 5-19 Composite Risk Management

  • AR 200-1 Environmental Protection & Enhancement

  • The Army Strategy for the Environment

  • 29 CFR Labor (Occupational Safety and Health Act)

  • 40 CFR Protection of the Environment

  • 49 CFR Transportation


Learning objective 1

Learning Objective #1

  • Describe a Soldier’s specific environmental duties


Soldier environmental duties

Soldier Environmental Duties

  • Comply with federal, state, host nation environmental regulations, Army regulations, installation/local and unit environmental policies and SOPs

  • Protect resources by supporting the installation environmental Management System (eMS) or Sustainability Program, practicing hazardous waste minimization, pollution prevention, and resource conservation

  • Respond to HM/HW spills immediately

  • Report as required


Hierarchy of laws regulations

Hierarchy of Laws & Regulations

  • Federal/DoD/Army

  • Host Nation

  • State

  • Local/Installation


Federal laws

Federal Laws

  • National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA-1969)

  • Resource Conservation Recovery Act (RCRA)

  • Clean Water Act

  • Clean Air Act

  • National Historic Preservation Act

  • Endangered Species Act

  • Noise Control Act


July 2008

Federal Environmental Laws

  • National Environmental Protection Act –NEPA

    • Any federal action requires that the proponent conduct an analysis to see if there are impacts to the environment.

    • Often considered an “umbrella” law because it encompasses the other environmental laws.

  • Soldiers comply with the NEPA by-

    • By conducting Risk Assessments. • By following environmental SOPs, Laws and Regulations.


July 2008

Federal Environmental Laws

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)

  • Primary HW reference is 40 CFR 260-279

  • RCRA regulates the generation, transportation, treatment, storage and disposal of solid and hazardous waste.

  • Massive and complex regulation

  • Known as the “Cradle to Grave” Act

  • Soldiers comply with the RCRA by-

    • Proper disposal of chemicals, solvents, and HW. • Accumulating HW in approved containers. • Reporting any spills of HW to their chain of command. • Proper bagging, storage and disposal of medical waste.


July 2008

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)

RCRA

ç¦

ç¦

Hazardous

Waste

Subtitle C

Solid

Waste

Subtitle D

Underground

Storage

Tanks

Medical

Waste


Federal environmental laws

Federal EnvironmentalLaws

Clean Water Act (CWA)

Soldiers comply with the CWA by-

• Disposal of chemicals, solvents, and HW properly.

• Washing vehicles in approved wash racks only.

• Cleaning up spills in the work area immediately.

• Reporting spills to the chain of command.


Federal environmental laws1

Federal EnvironmentalLaws

Clean Air Act (CAA)

Soldiers comply with the CAA by-

• Checking with range control before using gas or smoke.

• Observing local fire and burning restrictions.

• Keeping solvent vats closed when not in use.

• Maintaining and operating equipment properly to minimize air pollution.


July 2008

Federal EnvironmentalLaws

 National Historic PreservationAct (NHPA)

Soldiers comply with the NHPA by-

• Reporting the discovery of artifacts

and sites to the chain of command.

• Reporting any damages to historical,

cultural and archeological sites.

• Leaving sites undisturbed. Don’t take “souvenirs”.


Federal environmental laws2

Federal EnvironmentalLaws

Threatened/Endangered Species http://www.redlist.org

 Endangered Species Act (ESA)

Soldiers comply with the ESA by-

• Recognizing signs and markers for

protected areas.

• Avoiding habitat areas during

all operations.

• Following installation regulations.

• Obeying range control regulations for cutting brush and trees for camouflage.

Greater Spotted Eagle


Federal environmental laws3

Federal Environmental Laws

 Noise Control Act (NCA)

Soldiers comply with the NCA by-

• Avoiding creating unnecessary noise.

• Respecting noise-buffer zones, minimum flight altitudes, no-fly zones, and nighttime curfews designated by the installation.


Host nation environmental laws

Host Nation Environmental Laws

Comply with host nation and international environmental laws:

• More or less stringent

• Final Governing Standards (FGS)

• Basel Convention Signatory

• Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA)


State environmental laws

State Environmental Laws

  • Comply with state environmental regulations.

    • Most States have Primacy

    • State laws can be more stringent than federal laws


July 2008

LocalLaws

  • Comply with installation/local and unit environmental policies and SOPs.

    • Regional planning areas, counties, cities/town can have specific additional requirements.

    • Each installation has an environmental policy issued by the post commander (environmental Management System- eMS or Sustainability Program).

    • Every unit/organization should have an environmental SOP.


July 2008

Installation environmental Management System (eMS) or Sustainability Program

  • Recycling/Salvage

  • Conservation

  • Waste Minimization

  • eMS or Sustainability Training

  • Alternative transportation

  • Alternative energy sources

  • Sustainability


Army guidance

Army Guidance

  • The Army environmental regulation.

    • AR 200-1 (13 Dec 2007)


Army environmental strategy sustain the mission secure the future

Army Environmental Strategy“Sustain the Mission – Secure the Future”

  • Foster a Sustainable Ethic

  • Strengthen Army Operations

  • Meet Test, Training and Mission requirements

  • Minimize Impacts and Total Ownership Costs

  • Enhance Well-Being

  • Drive Innovation


July 2008

Operational Guidance

  • Comply with Operations Orders (OPORDs), or Operations Plans (OPLANs)

    • Joint: Annex L

    • Army: Annex L

    • MACOM: FRAGO

  • Follow the Overseas Environmental Baseline Guidance Document (OEBGD)

  • Use FM 3-100.4 Environmental Considerations in Military Operations for practical guidance


Spill drill

SPILL DRILL

This is the basic SPILL DRILLbut every unit should have a tailored plan depending on the liquid hazards found in the unit.


July 2008

Learning Objective #2Legal Issues

  • Individuals and unit commanders can be held personally liable for violating environmental laws and regulations.

  • States and Federal agencies can levy fines.

  • Host Nations can hold the USA liable.

  • Negative publicity can harm the Army image.


July 2008

Penalties

  • ENVIRONMENTAL PENALTIES: Federal and state environmental regulatory agencies can impose penalties on the Army for violating environmental laws. These penalties include fines, increased monitoring and intervention by environmental regulators, and damage awards from lawsuits.

  • A Soldier who violates environmental laws or allows others to do so can be prosecuted by military authorities under the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) or in federal district court. If convicted of environmental violations, the Soldier can receive fines up to $50,000 per day of violation and imprisonment up to two years.

  • DoD fines for FY 2007 totaled $566,545 which was a decrease from $1.2 million in FY 2006.


July 2008

Consequences of Noncompliance

  • It can have a negative impact on your overall mission.

  • It can cause irreparable damage to the environment where you live and train.

  • It can fracture the Army – Community relationship.


Learning objective 3

Learning Objective #3

  • Identify the responsibilities for managing a unit environmental program


Army environmental program commander s responsibilities

  • -Comply with environmental legal requirements.

  • -Instill an environmental ethic

  • -Incorporate environmental responsibilities and risk management into unit SOPs/OPORDs

  • -Integrate environmental considerations into all unit operations

  • -Ensure personnel receive required environmental training

  • -Appoint and train environmental officers at appropriate organizational levels.

  • -Report noncompliance and spills

  • -Support installation eMS/Sustainabililty Program

Army Regulation 200-1

Environmental Quality

Environmental Protection and Enhancement

Headquarters

Department of the Army

Washington, DC

13 Dec 2007

UNCLASSIFIED

Army Environmental ProgramCommander’s Responsibilities


Environmental officer

Environmental Officer

  • Appointment Orders

  • Training

  • Runs the Unit Environmental Program

  • Coordination in planning and risk assessments


Team training

Team Training

  • Ensure that key personnel/teams are trained

  • This training should include:

    • Spill prevention/response

    • Hazardous waste operations and emergency response

    • Personal Protective Equipment and first aid for exposure

    • Environmental compliance officer training

    • Specific environmental laws, regulations, and treaties

    • HM/HW handling, storage, transport

    • MSDS recognition and use

    • Field sanitation

    • Satellite Accumulation Points

    • Cultural, historic, religious sites; endangered species

    • Pollution Prevention


Unit environmental program

Unit Environmental Program

  • An Environmental Officer/Alternate

  • Required references

  • Awareness Training

  • Unit SOP which includes an environmental section

  • Trained Environmental Teams

  • Spill Kits

  • Personal Protective Equipment

  • Unit Self Assessment

  • Environmental files and records


Environmental training sources

Environmental Training Sources

  • Installation Environmental Training Courses

    • Environmental Officer

    • Spill Team Training

    • Field Sanitation

  • Resident Training Courses

    • Army Logistics Management College, Fort Lee

    • Defense Logistics Agency, Fort Belvoir

    • Corps of Engineers Professional Development Center, Huntsville

  • Online Courses

    • Environmental Officer Course, MANSCEN Blackboard

    • Army e-Learning Skillsoft website

    • USAES-DEI website Product Catalog

  • Army Correspondence Course Program (ACCP).

  • TRADOC Critical Common Tasks (5 Environmental Tasks)


July 2008

Learning Objective #4Unit Self Assessment

  • Demonstrate use of the Environmental Checklists in Appendix A, Table A-1 of TC 3-34.489 The Soldier and the Environment to conduct a unit self assessment.


Vehicle maintenance

Vehicle Maintenance

  • Maintain vehicles and equipment in accordance with (IAW) TM specifications

  • Clean up spills immediately

  • Collect used rags in a dirty rags container

  • Collect used dry-sweep compound for reuse

  • Recycle solvents and coolants

  • Return damaged parts and assemblies to the supply facility for rebuilding or recycling

  • Place drip pans, diapers, or absorbents under vehicles

  • Locate waste accumulation containers close to the source of the waste products

  • Label and date waste accumulation containers


Weapons maintenance

Weapons Maintenance

  • Dispose of contaminated patches and cleaning equipment properly

  • Reuse cleaning equipment and lubricant containers when possible

  • Purchase lubricants in bulk, and refill smaller containers

  • Recycle cleaning solvents

  • Keep the lids on solvent vats closed when not in use


Cbrn maintenance

CBRN Maintenance

  • Keep a copy of the applicable MSDS for each HM on hand in a binder

  • Collect HM (used filters, decontamination materials, and cleaning solutions at the point of generation, and dispose of them properly

  • Mark and turn in damaged equipment

  • Reuse mask carriers and cleaning equipment

  • Store STB containers in separate locations that are dry and well ventilated

  • Dispose of HW and batteries according to the unit SOP

  • Turn in excess repair parts so that other units can use them

  • Dispose of out-of-date, chemical-agent kits properly as HW


Supply storage transportation

Supply, Storage, Transportation

  • Substitute less hazardous solvents and cleaning solutions where permitted (use “green” cleaning supplies)

  • Select items that have less packaging to dispose of

  • Take leftover items (such as paint or excess parts) to the installation reissue center

  • Store materials according to MSDS guidelines

  • Keep a copy of the applicable MSDS for each HM on hand in a binder

  • Label and date new supplies

  • Place new supplies to the back of the storage area (First In – First Out)

  • Avoid stockpiling or keeping items around “just in case they are needed

  • Keep recycling containers free of trash and garbage

  • Turn in excess or damaged repair parts and tools as stated in the unit maintenance or supply SOP

  • Turn in excess paint, solvents, cleaners, and supplies to the installation supply point

  • Implement a shelf life watch program


Supply storage transportation continued

Supply, Storage, Transportation (continued)

  • Purchase cleaning solvents and lubricants in bulk, and refill smaller containers as needed

  • Recycle materials as required by the installation recycling program

  • Reuse containers when possible

  • Dispose of solid waste and HW according to local policy

  • Purchase cleaning solvents and lubricants in bulk, and refill smaller containers as needed

  • Transport paint, solvents, cleaners, and other HW and HM safely as required by existing requirements. Ensure that there are proper placards and that appropriate spill-containment equipment is with the vehicle


Refueling operations

Refueling Operations

  • Report spills immediately

  • Ensure that a properly stocked spill kit and PPE are readily available

  • Place the refueling nozzle in a drip pan, not on the ground

  • Place drip pans, diapers, or absorbent material (such as floor sweep) under vehicles when refueling

  • Place fuel cans in a drip pan for refueling or storage

  • Ensure that each refueling vehicle has at least two fire extinguishers

  • Ensure that potable water is available for emergency eye washing

  • Reuse overpack drums to transfer contaminated soil

  • Recycle used or contaminated POL products

  • Dispose of contaminated soil and absorbents according to installation policy


Field sanitation mess

Field Sanitation/Mess

  • Enforce the use of field latrines instead of expedients such as “catholes”

  • Collect litter and solid waste at the source (mess site, aid station, or issue point)

  • Segregate the wastes

  • Store perishable items (such as food) properly to reduce spoilage

  • Reuse waste accumulation containers

  • Ensure that waste accumulation containers have lids that keep out weather and pests


Maneuver damage control

Maneuver Damage Control

  • Identify environmental risks before going to the field as part of Composite Risk Management

  • Brief personnel on maneuver damage considerations and minimization measures

  • Develop a plan to minimize or eliminate environmental risks

  • Identify areas that contain threatened or endangered species

  • Observe convoy restrictions

  • Cross streams and ditches only at approved crossing points

  • Drive carefully in forested areas to avoid damaging vegetation

  • Drive only on approved road or trails

  • Avoid unnecessary noise by not revving engines

  • Use camouflage netting instead of live vegetation

  • Reuse wire, barrier materials, and sandbags

  • Recycle materials at collection points


July 2008

Weapons/Demo Training

  • Check with range control for artillery noise-buffer zones near the installation

  • Check with airfield operations concerning no-fly zones

  • Adhere to nighttime-gunnery curfews

  • Keep demolitions below the maximum permissible weight specified by range control

  • Avoid excessive vehicle noise when homes are located near range roads

  • Use the forest and the terrain as buffers between noisy training and noise-sensitive areas

  • Aim firearms away from noise-sensitive areas

  • Avoid detonating large charges when the wind is blowing from the demolition grounds towards noise-sensitive sites or when temperature inversions are likely to be present

  • Avoid making noise in the habitat of endangered species

  • Respect noise-buffer zones and altitude restrictions in forest-service land or other areas of exceptional quiet

  • Police up all brass and packaging material


Base camp and installation operations

Base Camp and Installation Operations

  • Establishing base camps and occupying existing facilities such as ports and airfields requires extensive integration of environmental considerations.

  • These sites, sometimes approaching the size of small cities, require tremendous allocations of resources.

  • They generate waste in quantities similar to small cities, only without the existing infrastructure to support them.

  • HM/HW management in base camps is a key issue.


July 2008

Hazardous Material

  • Any material, including waste, that may pose an unreasonable risk to health, safety, property, or the environment


July 2008

Common Hazardous Material

  • Alcohol

  • Antifreeze

  • Batteries

  • Paint

  • Solvent

  • Cleaning supplies

  • Fuel

  • Super Tropical Bleach

  • Field sanitation kits

  • Fuel antifreeze


July 2008

Hazardous Material Identification

  • Check the container label.

  • Check the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS).

  • Check the DOD Hazardous Material Information Resource System (HMIRS). http://www.dlis.dla.mil/hmirs/

  • Check with the supply officer, chain of command, installation environmental office (garrison), base camp management team or safety officer.

  • Call the manufacturer.


July 2008

Material Safety Data Sheets

If you have never seen a MSDS, take a minute to look at one.

Page 1 of 7

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET

1. CHEMICAL PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION

MATHESON TRI-GAS, INC. EMERGENCY CONTACT:

959 ROUTE 46 EAST CHEMTREC 1-800-424-9300

PARSIPPANY, NEW JERSEY 07054-0624 INFORMATION CONTACT:

973-257-1100

SUBSTANCE: DIMETHYL SULFATE

TRADE NAMES/SYNONYMS:

METHYL SULFATE; DIMETHYL MONOSULFATE; DIMETHYLSULFATE; DMS(METHYL

SULFATE); DIMETHYL SULPHATE; SULFURIC ACID, DIMETHYL ESTER; BP-1195; RCRA U103;

UN 1595; STCC 4933322; MAT07750; RTECS WS8225000

CHEMICAL FAMILY: organic, sulfates

CREATION DATE: Jan 24 1989

REVISION DATE: Jun 17 2004

2. COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

COMPONENT: DIMETHYL SULFATE

CAS NUMBER: 77-78-1

PERCENTAGE: 100.0

3. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

NFPA RATINGS (SCALE 0-4): HEALTH=4 FIRE=2 REACTIVITY=0

EMERGENCY OVERVIEW:

COLOR: colorless

PHYSICAL FORM: liquid

ODOR: faint odor, onion odor

MAJOR HEALTH HAZARDS: potentially fatal if inhaled, harmful if swallowed, respiratory tract burns,

skin burns, eye burns, mucous membrane burns, suspect cancer hazard (in animals)


July 2008

General Rules for Managing HM

  • Use non-hazardous substitutes when possible.

  • Have an MSDS for every HM.

  • Do not mix different HM together.

  • Do not stockpile HM.

  • Consolidate storage of HM.

  • Inspect HM storage areas weekly.

  • Prevent spills.

  • Ensure availability of PPE.

  • Follow first in, first out rule.

  • Implement shelf life program.

  • Maintain an inventory list.


July 2008

General Rules for Managing HM (continued)

  • Ensure labels are legible.

  • Ensure lids are tight, containers are marked, labeled and visible to the observer.

  • Provide secondary containment.

  • Store flammable and reactive materials in accordance with regulations away from the property line.

  • Secure containers.


July 2008

Hazardous Waste Management

  • Have you seen something like this?

  • Think about the impact.


July 2008

Waste Determination

There are three ways a waste

can be regulated as hazardous:

  • Meets the definition of one or more of the hazardous waste characteristics. The four characteristics are ignitable, corrosive, reactive and toxic.

  • Is listed by EPA as a hazardous waste in 40 CFR 261.

  • Prior knowledge, e.g. testing


July 2008

Expires

By Law

Discarded

Unusable

Mixtures

Contamination

HM Transformation to HW


July 2008

Common Facility/Unit Waste Streams

  • Contaminated oil

  • Used batteries and acid

  • Used solvents

  • Contaminated fuels, when non-recyclable

  • Discarded fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides

  • Expired or discarded paints, inks, acids and oxidizers

  • Mixed waste

  • Used brake fluids

  • Used filters

  • Discarded explosives

  • Lead tire weights and battery connectors

  • Weapons cleaning material (all)

  • Painting material

  • Expired shelf-life material


July 2008

Hazardous Waste Mismanagement

  • Mismanagement increases liability and cost:

    • If you don’t know what it is, and it has to be tested, expect a cost of $1,000 for a lab test.

    • Mismanagement creates a negative public image.

  • Don’t guess when it comes to HW management; call the Environmental Office (garrison) or the appropriate environmental contact (base camp management team for Contingency Operations)

  • Know where waste streams are generated, and follow established SOPs and regulations.


July 2008

Personnel Requirements

  • Training for personnel

    -Handlers

    -Accumulation site managers

    -Packagers/Shippers

    -Spill or clean up teams

  • Some of this training will require update/ refresher training.

  • Certification must be kept on file.

  • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

    -Available for personnel

    -Training on PPE use and maintenance


July 2008

Filling Containers

  • Waste deposited in containers must be compatible with the container (ex. Don’t put corrosives in metal containers.)

  • Check for headspace to allow expansion.

  • Do not mix waste without direction. Examples of segregated waste:

    • Used oil, hydraulic, and brake fluids

    • Solvents

    • Paints and thinners

    • Acids


July 2008

Container Management

  • HM/HW containers musthave proper shipping name.

  • HM/HW container must be marked and labeled according to directives.

  • Mark the name and addressof either the sender orreceiver.

  • Use the original container,to the extent possible, to accumulate and transport HM/HW.


July 2008

Container Management(continued)

  • Do not overfill containers.

  • Do not stack drums morethan 2 high.

  • Do not stack flammables.

  • Ensure there are at least3 feet between containers(aisle space).

  • Inspect containers routinely.


July 2008

Container Management(continued)

  • Protect containers from weather.

  • Store in approved cabinets, rooms and buildings.

  • Ensure containers have lids and are kept closed when not being filled.


July 2008

Empty Containers

  • Use empty HM containers to accumulate the same resultant HW.

  • Remove or paint old markings and labels to avoid confusion about the contents and turn in in accordance with SOP.

  • Annotate all documentation pertaining to the contents (tracking number).


July 2008

General HW Accumulation Requirements

  • Countdown starts with the first drop of materialin accumulation, check your SOP.

  • Practice Good Housekeeping.

    • Segregation

    • Secondary containment

    • Adequate aisle space

  • Inspect weekly for leaks/deterioration.

  • Annotate on accumulation log.

  • Accumulate by characteristics and separate by a dike, berm or wall in main accumulation area.


Dla recommended hw segregation

DLA Recommended HW Segregation


July 2008

Satellite Accumulation Point

  • Containers cannot be larger than 55 gallons or 1 quart for acute HW.

  • Containers are located near the HW point of origin.

  • Containers controlled by generator.

  • Containers must be clearly marked.

  • Containers must be dated once

    first drop of waste is put in the

    container.

  • Full containers must be turned in

    within 72 hours (includes

    non-business days).


Learning objective 5

Learning Objective #5

  • Integrate environmental considerations in pre-deployment


Pre deployment

Pre-Deployment

  • In Pre-deployment, environmental considerations should be included in:

    • Mission analysis

    • Training

    • Logistics planning


Mission analysis

Mission Analysis

  • Information gathering on specific countries within the Area of Operations (AO)

  • Include environmental considerations in risk assessment for conducting operations

  • Integration of environmental considerations into specific plans (Laws, treaties, regulations, FGS; critical habitats; sensitive sites; environmental health hazards; types of industries, agriculture, natural resources present)


Intelligence preparation of the battlefield ipb

Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield (IPB)

  • Environmental considerations may include:

    • Industrial factories that emit, produce, or store Toxic Industrial Materials (TIMS)

    • Location of oil and gas pipelines

    • Known sites of contamination

    • Endangered species or critical habitats

    • Potential weapons of mass destruction sites

    • Potential targets that the enemy may attack to inflict environmental damage or health hazards

    • Environmentally sensitive areas

    • Historic, cultural, or religious sites or structures


Training

Training

  • Pre-deployment environmental training

  • Educational controls developed in Risk Assessment (example: spill drills)

  • Team cross training


Mobilization training or combat training centers

Mobilization Training or Combat Training Centers

  • Coordinate with local environmental personnel and range officers

  • Ensure your personnel are briefed/trained on site-specific issues

    • Off-limits/limited access areas

    • Specified range requirements

    • Permit limitations

    • Waste management

    • Clean-up/Check-out requirements


Logistics planning

Logistics Planning

  • Procurement

    • Hazardous Materials (HM)

    • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

    • Spill kits

  • Storage

  • Transportation


Rear detachment

Rear Detachment

  • Trained environmental personnel

  • Appropriate equipment


Transportation

Transportation

  • Preparing vehicles and equipment for shipping (Unit Movement Officer)

  • Identifying HM/HW

  • HM must be packaged and labeled IAW SOP and DOT regulations (may include special UN requirements).

  • Need a HAZMAT Certified person to certify loads.

  • Ensure correct documentation is on hand


July 2008

Transportation


July 2008

Transportation


Learning objective 6

Learning Objective #6

  • Integrate environmental considerations in full spectrum operations


Full spectrum operations

Full Spectrum Operations

  • Military operations cause significant impacts on the environment

  • Some of the impact is unavoidable

  • Commanders must seek to minimize impacts

  • Reduction and mitigation of environmental damage serves to support US goals

  • Protecting the environment and health of military and civilian personnel reduces:

    • Long term reconstruction or remediation and medical costs

    • Supports information operations

    • Aligns with US national values

    • May encourage local support


July 2008

Unidentified Hazardous Waste


July 2008

Solid Waste


July 2008

Air Quality


July 2008

USTs / ASTs


July 2008

Asbestos


July 2008

PCBs


July 2008

Water


July 2008

Overview of Reports

  • Environmental Baseline Survey (EBS)

  • Environmental Health Site Assessment (EHSA)

  • Environmental Condition Report (ECR)


July 2008

Similar to a Real Estate Appraisal

Primary purposes

Force health protection

Avoid potential financial and legal liabilities

Entire survey process occurs in 3 stages

Initial EBS

Environmental Conditions Report (ECR)

Environmental Site Closure Survey & other Reporting

Environmental Baseline Survey (EBS)


July 2008

Document existing (Baseline/Initial) environmental condition of the property and adjacent areas

Visual site inspection and sampling

Hazardous Waste

Pollution

Geography/Soil

Water

Hazardous Materials

Natural/Cultural Resources

Previous Use

EBS(continued)


July 2008

Environmental Health Site Assessment (EHSA)

  • Initial and Follow-on Assessments

    • Contamination

    • Disease vectors

    • Environmental Health Risks

  • Availability

    • Local Preventative Medicine Office

    • Command Surgeon

  • Prepared by

    • U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine (CHPPM)


July 2008

Environmental Conditions Report

  • Amends or updates existing EBS

  • Records:

    • Any new information or findings

    • Environmental incidences that have occurred

    • Relief in Place (RIP)/Transfer of Authority (TOA) Environmental Status (Complete prior to RIP)

    • Change in use of facilities

    • Expansion of base camp

      • Brief addendum to EBS

    • Spills and After Action Documentation

    • Landfill/burn pits

    • Hazmat/Hazwaste siting


Learning objective 7

Learning Objective #7

  • Integrate environmental considerations for sustainment


Sustainment

Sustainment

  • The military’s concern for environmental considerations must extend throughout the operation.

  • As U.S. forces establish base camps, continue to pursue combat operations, and conduct security operations, environmental considerations must be integrated into plans and daily operations.


Sustainment1

Sustainment

Waste Streams at Base Camps


Sustainment solid waste

Sustainment – Solid Waste


Sustainment solid waste1

Sustainment – Solid Waste

  • Providing adequate number of bins with lids and disposable plastic refuse bags is crucial to maintaining hygiene standards.

  • Waste to be collected and stored until collection can be arranged and transported to the existing landfill site.

  • The designated unit will collect refuse bags and transport to the main landfill.

  • Trucks/trailers transporting waste MUST BE COVERED to ensure that no rubbish is blown off during transportation.


Sustainment grey water

Sustainment – Grey Water

  • Ensure proper drainage of shower/bath runoff to prevent pooling.

  • Do not dispose of grey water from mobile showers in a water way or dry riverbed.

  • Dig delta formation furrows to spread water flow over a larger surface for fast evaporation.

  • Collect residue from soaps when dry crust is formed and dispose of with contaminated soil.


Sustainment grey water1

Sustainment- Grey Water


Sustainment human waste

Sustainment – Human Waste


Medical waste disposal issues

Medical Waste Disposal Issues

DO NOT PUT:

  • Medical waste in solid waste burn pits

  • Medical waste in landfills

  • Medical waste in trash dumpsters

    ISSUES OF CONCERN:

  • Incomplete medical waste incineration

  • Medical waste found after site transfer/closure

medical waste in

burn pit


Medical waste disposal issues1

Medical Waste Disposal Issues

  • Segregate medical waste from non-medical waste at the point of generation.

  • Place medical waste in properly labeled, durable plastic bags or rigid sharps containers and place into sturdy, properly labeled outer packaging and transport container.

  • Ensure bins that can seal are made available at ladies sanitary facilities to be disposed of as medical waste

  • Store collected medical waste in a secure manner in a designated area with proper signage

  • Wear proper protective clothing when handling medical waste

  • Sealed containers are to be segregated for transport and turned in for proper disposal


Reconstruction

Reconstruction

  • Environmental Considerations

    • Environmental hazards

      • Asbestos

      • Polychlorinated Biphenols (PCBs)

      • Lead-Based Paint (schools, child care)

    • Site Assessment

      • Historic/Cultural Resources

      • Threatened and endangered species


Learning objective 8

Learning Objective #8

  • Integrate environmental considerations in redeployment


Redeployment

Redeployment

  • As military forces redeploy, they must address large quantities of waste and materials.

  • In some cases, forces may hand over material to replacement units or to the local government.

  • Forces may need to clean up any contamination resulting from the activities of US forces.

  • Planners must include the time, forces, and material resources in their redeployment planning.


Transportation1

Transportation

  • Moving vehicles, equipment, and material to the home station are subject to the same requirements as initial deployment.

  • Equipment must be inspected, and personnel must address proper safety, legal, and administrative issues.

  • Plan to prevent the transport of prohibited materials which include:

    • War trophies

    • Possible biological contaminants such as foreign plants and insects.

    • Hazardous materials or hazardous wastes


July 2008

Environmental Site Closure

  • Documents the condition of the site when we turn it back over to the host nation.

    • Known or suspected environmental contamination

    • Location of buried wastes per SOP

    • Digital photographs

    • Detailed information

  • Identifies remediation requirements.

    • Intent to restore conditions

  • Intention: Give it back as good or better than you found it.


July 2008

Learning Objective #9In the Absence of Supervision

Describe your actions in the absence of supervision or guidance pertaining to environmental legal requirements:

- Apply your environmental training

- Apply published guidance from chain of command

- Apply personal concept of right and wrong


Environmental ethic

Environmental Ethic

  • Inform chain of command of any violations or concerns with environmental regulatory requirements

    • Supervisor

    • Unit Environmental Officer

    • Commander

  • Do the right thing and it will help the Army to

    “Sustain the Mission – Secure the future.”


July 2008

Terminal Learning Objective

  • ACTION: Comply with host nation, federal, state and local environmental protection laws and regulations.

  • CONDITION: As a Soldier performing assigned duties in a garrison, training or deployed environment, and given access to environmental guidance provided in the references.

  • STANDARD: Comply with environmental legal requirements by implementing specific environmental duties during mission activities, applying environmentally sustainable practices to common activities and taking the appropriate course of action in the absence of guidance.


Questions

QUESTIONS?

US Army Engineer School Directorate of Environmental Integration

Email: [email protected]

Phone: 573.329.1931

Website: http://www.wood.army.mil/dei


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