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Engineering Research Methodology. Presented by: Dr. Mohsen Kahani Computer Engineering Department Ferdowsi University of Mashhad http:// kahani.profcms.um.ac.ir. Topics. Research Methodologies Research thru Internet. What is Research ?.

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engineering research methodology

Engineering ResearchMethodology

Presented by:

Dr. Mohsen Kahani

Computer Engineering DepartmentFerdowsi University of Mashhad

http:// kahani.profcms.um.ac.ir

topics
Topics
  • Research Methodologies
  • Research thru Internet
what is research
What is Research?
  • The systematicinvestigation into and study of materials, sources, etc, in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions.
  • An endeavour to discovernew or collate old facts etc by the scientific study of a subject or by a course of critical investigation
research methodologies
Research Methodologies
  • Scientific method
  • Engineering method
  • Empirical method
  • Analytical method
scientific method
Scientific method

Observe real world

Propose a model or theory

of some real world phenomena

Measure and analyze

above

Validate hypotheses of the

model or theory

If possible, repeat

engineering method
Engineering method

Observe existing solutions

Propose better solutions

Build or develop better

solution

Measure, analyze, and

evaluate

Repeat until no further improvements are possible

empirical method
Empirical method

Propose a model

Develop statistical or other

basis for the model

Apply to case studies

Measure and analyze

Validate and then repeat

analytical method
Analytical method

Propose a formal theory or set of

axioms

Develop a theory

Derive results

If possible, compare with

empirical observations

Refine theory if necessary

different types of research
Different Types of Research

Fundamental Research

Applied Research

Developmental Research

activities

Search the Internet has an important role

Activities
  • Find your Topic
  • Do a review of the literature
  • Formulate your thesis
  • Defend your thesis title
  • Develop your solution
  • Validate and compare your answer
  • Write up
  • Defend your thesis
find research topic
Find Research Topic
  • Check for conference CFP and conference programs
  • Check Other universities research topics
  • Test your topic
    • too much information --- narrow your topic
    • too little information -- use synonyms, hypernyms
literature review
Literature Review
  • FIND BACKGROUND INFORMATION
    • WikiPedia
  • USE CATALOGS TO FIND BOOKS AND MEDIA
  • USE INTERNET TO FIND PERIODICAL ARTICLES
  • READ & EVALUATE WHAT YOU FIND
  • CITE WHAT YOU FIND USING A STANDARD FORMAT
search library
Search Library
  • Connect to the University Library
    • http://c-library.um.ac.ir/
  • Use Guides to learn how to use the system
  • Click on جستجو وتمديد منابع كتابخانه
    • http://clibrary.um.ac.ir/simwebclt/WebAccess/SimwebPortal.dll
searching the web
Searching the web
  • Search engines
  • How do they work?
    • Gathering information from the web (offline)
    • Indexing documents
    • Responding to the queryies
    • Rendering the findings
  • Different Search engines, different startegies
  • General purpose vs. special purpose Search engines
  • Use Advanced Search for more options
  • Be hunter not searcher
the invisible web
The Invisible Web
  • What is it?
    • Part of the web that can’t be indexed by search engines
  • The invisible web is now (mostly) visible
    • Search engines are now more powerful
      • Dynamic sites are indexed
      • Use hints from sites (eg. robots.txt)
    • Databases have opened their doors for search engines
      • Eg. Sciendirect, IEEEexplore, ACM, …
    • Search engine have special tools
      • Eg. Google scholar, Google groups, Google Maps, …
academic search
Academic Search
  • CiteSeer
  • Scopus
  • Google Scholar
evaluation comparison
Evaluation & Comparison
  • Validate your results
    • Simulation methods & tools
    • Analyze your results
  • Use Scientific approaches
  • Compare with similar works
    • Redo their work
    • Compare with the published results
    • Use standard metrics (if exists)
  • Concentrate on both pros & cons
write up
Write Up
  • Dr. Pour Reza will talk about it in details
  • Publish your results in conferences
    • Go for prestigious conferences
    • International Conferences costs you a lot
  • Publish the complete works in journals
    • Use only accredited journals (ISI)
    • Some journals charge you as well
slide22
Questions?

Thanks for your attention

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