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Warm-Up: Answer as many of the following as you can. Be prepared to discuss. Why is it important to study geography? In what ways is it useful in real life? Which careers might be associated with geography? How can knowledge of geography help you in other academic areas?.

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Warm up answer as many of the following as you can be prepared to discuss

Warm-Up: Answer as many of the following as you can. Be prepared to discuss.

Why is it important to study geography?

In what ways is it useful in real life?

Which careers might be associated with geography?

How can knowledge of geography help you in other academic areas?

Why We Need to Teach Geography


The field of geography

The Field of Geography

  • Geography: the study of Earth and its people


Physical geography the study of natural features on the surface of earth

Physical Geography: the study of natural features on the surface of Earth

  • Things that can be seen (landforms) and felt (weather)


Human geography study of people as they have spread across earth

Human Geography: study of people as they have spread across Earth

  • Who lives where? Why? How?

  • Human-made features like towns, dams & roads


Why themes

Why Themes?

  • The 5 themes are important because they help the geographer describe the use of space.


Location where is it why is it there

Location: Where is it? Why is it there?

  • Absolute Location

    • Exact

    • Latitude/longitude

      • Paris is at 48⁰ North latitude and 2⁰ East longitude

    • Street address

      • TCCHS is located at 4717 Bailey Road

  • Relative Location

    • Depends on a point of reference. Near, far, a short drive, etc.

    • Described by landmarks, time, direction or distance.

      • A few miles from Pearland Town Center

      • Across from Turner High School


Think about

Think about…

  • When might it be important to use absolute location?

  • Describe a scenario where using relative location would be beneficial.


Place what is it like

Place: What is it like?

  • Physical characteristics like landforms, climate bodies of water or vegetation

  • Human characteristics such as roads, buildings, culture & beliefs


Regions how are places similar or different

Regions: How are places similar or different?

  • Areas defined by their physical & human characteristics

  • Geographers divide the world into regions to help them interpret information


Formal regions

Formal Regions

  • Are based on the related characteristics of an area (language, religion, climate)

    • Many formal regions have natural boundaries

    • Commonly defined b continental area and similar cultures


Functional regions

Functional Regions

  • Functional regions are based on connections between places; have a “hub” or central area

    • Ex. A city and its suburbs


Perceptual regions

Perceptual Regions

  • Are based on people’s feelings and attitudes of an area

  • Likely to change over time

  • Can be based on stereotypes and influenced by travel, movies and reading

  • Ex. Dixie, Aggieland

Tornado Alley


The world dived into 7 regions each with a population of 1 billion

The World Dived into 7 Regions, Each with a Population of 1 Billion


Human environment interaction how do people relate to the physical world

Human-Environment Interaction: How do people relate to the physical world?

  • We depend.

    • We need rivers for transportation.

  • We adapt.

    • We wear clothing to protect us from the weather.

  • We modify.

    • We use heaters and air conditioners in our homes.


What do you think of when i say

What do you think of when I say…

  • A hot, sunny climate is perfect for ________.

  • A cold climate with a lot of snow is perfect for ________.

  • Summer in Texas is the perfect time to ________.


Movement how are people and places linked

Movement: How are people and places linked?

  • Linear, time & psychological

  • Movement of People

    • Cars, trains, planes, animals

  • Movement of Products

    • Trucks, trains, planes

  • Movement of Information/Ideas

    • Cell phones, computers, TV, radio, newspapers


Types of distance

Types of Distance

Psychological Distance

Linear Distance

Time Distance

Amount of time it takes something to travel

  • The way people view distance

  • How far across the earth something travels.


Questions

Questions…

  • How can physical geography affect linear distance?

  • List some modern inventions that have shortened time distance.

  • How far away is “far”? What influences your perception of what is “far”?


Ask mr help

Ask MR. HELP

  • M- Movement

  • R- Region

  • HE- Human Environment Interaction

  • L- Location

  • P- Place


Practice

Practice

  • Identify the themes of geography in the following photos:


Practice1

Practice

  • Are the following regions formal, perceptual, or functional?


Group activity

Group Activity

  • I will put you into groups and each group will be assigned one of the 5 Themes of Geography to draw on the paper provided to you.

  • Must Include:

  • Title of Theme

  • Name of each student on back

  • Brief explanation of how this picture represents the theme (on back)


Welcome friday august 30

Welcome! Friday, August 30

  • Warm-Up: Reviewing the 5 Themes

  • Presentation: Tools of Geography- Maps

  • Activity: Lat & Long Skills

  • Closure


A geographer s tools

A Geographer’s Tools

  • Globes: 3-D representation of Earth

  • Maps: 2-D representation of selected parts of Earth’s surface

  • Map projection: a way of drawing the earth that reduces distortion caused by going from round to flat

  • Cartographer: a person who makes maps


To help describe location geographers divide the earth into hemispheres or halves of the earth

To help describe location, geographers divide the earth into hemispheres, or halves of the Earth


Latitude longitude grid system of imaginary lines

Latitude & Longitude: grid system of imaginary lines

  • Latitude

    • Lines that run east to west

    • Sometimes called parallels

    • Latitude goes around the Earth

  • Longitude

    • Lines that run north to south

    • Sometimes called meridians

    • Pole to pole, half circles

    • Longitude goes over the Earth


Geographers use latitude and longitude to describe location

Geographers use latitude and longitude to describe _______ location.


Warm up answer as many of the following as you can be prepared to discuss

How do we know if it’s N or S? E or W?


Important lines of latitude and longitude

Important Lines of Latitude and Longitude

  • Equator

    • 0⁰ latitude

  • Prime meridian

    • 0⁰ longitude

    • Greenwich, England

  • International Date Line

    • 180⁰ longitude


Lat long skills

Lat & Long Skills

  • Mark the Equator in RED.

  • Mark & label the Prime Meridian in PURPLE.

  • Mark the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn in ORANGE.

  • Mark the International Date Line in GREEN.

  • Mark the Arctic and Antarctic circle in BLUE

  • Label the 7 continents.


Cities around the world circle the cities at

Cities Around the WorldCircle the cities at:

  • 47°N, 71°W

  • 38°S, 145°E

  • 41°N, 29°E

  • 19°N, 73°E

  • 23°S, 43°W


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