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ENGL 500: English Practicum. Sources of Geographic and Environmental Data. Why these data?. A knowledge of geography is vital to understanding the natural and cultural world around us. Location affects many more phenomena than just business.

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ENGL 500: English Practicum

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Engl 500 english practicum

ENGL 500: English Practicum

Sources of Geographic and Environmental Data


Why these data

Why these data?

  • A knowledge of geography is vital to understanding the natural and cultural world around us.

  • Location affects many more phenomena than just business.

  • The environment figures in many of the most vexing issues facing society today.

  • The list that follows is far from exhaustive…

Geographic and Environmental Data


Focus of this talk

Focus of this talk

  • Geographic resources

  • Weather and climate resources

  • Geological resources

  • Chemical resources

  • Emergency resources

  • Scientific societies

  • Non-governmental organizations

  • Journalism organizations

Geographic and Environmental Data


Geographic resources

Geographic resources

  • U.S. Census Bureau: American Factfinder -- http://factfinder.census.gov/home/saff/main.html

    • Population, housing, economic, and other data

  • U.S. Census Bureau: International Data Base -- http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/idb/

    • Demographic data, population pyramids

  • U.S. Board on Geographic Names -- http://geonames.usgs.gov/

    • National and international place names

Geographic and Environmental Data


Geographic resources1

Geographic resources

  • U.S. National Atlas -- http://www.nationalatlas.gov/

  • U.S. Census Bureau: Topologically Integrated Geographic Encoding and Referencing system (TIGER) -- http://www.census.gov/geo/www/tiger/

    • A geographic information system (GIS) that allows users to display Census and other data

  • U.S. Census Bureau: LandView 6 -- http://www.census.gov/geo/landview/

    • Allows users to view U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Census Bureau, and U.S. Geological Survey maps

Geographic and Environmental Data


Geographic resources2

Geographic resources

  • Central Intelligence Agency (CIA): The World Factbook -- https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html

  • U.S. Geological Survey (USGS): Maps, Imagery, and Publications -- http://www.usgs.gov/pubprod/

    • Allows users to search for, and in some cases download, USGS maps and other products

Geographic and Environmental Data


Geographic resources3

Geographic resources

  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA): Earth Observatory -- http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/

    • While far from comprehensive, it is a treasure trove of satellite and other remotely sensed imagery

  • NASA/NOAA: Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) -- http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/

    • Satellite imagery from the GOES program

Geographic and Environmental Data


Geographic resources4

Geographic resources

  • NASA/NOAA: Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) -- http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/

    • Satellite imagery from the GOES program

  • NOAA: National Geophysical Data Center -- http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/ngdc.html

    • A smorgasbord of geophysical data, including topographic and bathymetric data

  • Google Earth -- http://www.google.com/earth/

    • Explore the world from the safety of your computer

Geographic and Environmental Data


Weather and climate resources

Weather and climate resources

  • World Meteorological Organization (WMO) -- http://www.wmo.int

    • United Nations agency responsible for climate, atmosphere, and oceans

  • WMO: World Weather Information Site -- http://worldweather.wmo.int/

    • Official weather data and forecasts from around the world

Geographic and Environmental Data


Weather and climate resources1

Weather and climate resources

  • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) -- http://www.noaa.gov

    • U.S. agency responsible for oceans, atmosphere, and climate

  • NOAA: National Weather Service -- http://www.weather.gov

    • Weather data and forecasting

  • NOAA: National Center for Environmental Prediction -- http://wwwt.ncep.noaa.gov/

    • Lots of cool imagery and forecast products

Geographic and Environmental Data


Weather and climate resources2

Weather and climate resources

  • NOAA: National Hurricane Center -- http://www.nhc.noaa.gov

    • Subdivision of the National Weather Service responsible for tropical weather data and forecasts

  • NOAA: National Climatic Data Center -- http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov

    • NOAA center responsible for archiving many types of climate data and climate proxy data

  • NOAA: Daily Weather Maps -- http://www.hpc.ncep.noaa.gov/dailywxmap/

Geographic and Environmental Data


Weather and climate resources3

Weather and climate resources

  • NASA: Global Climate Change -- http://climate.nasa.gov

    • I am probably the only person in the room who had e-mails released in the Climate Gate affair, so I may be biased, but climate change is occurring and NASA has a lot of data here to help you learn about those changes.

  • USGS: Water Data Discovery -- http://water.usgs.gov/data/

    • Primary national repository for water resources data

Geographic and Environmental Data


Weather and climate resources4

Weather and climate resources

  • Weather & Climate Data -- http://wxmaps.org/

    • Very nice maps and other graphics developed from NCEP data and model results

  • Weather Underground -- http://www.wunderground.com

    • One of the coolest Web sites in the world

  • World Climate -- http://www.worldclimate.com

    • Climate (not weather) data from locations around the world

  • Weatherbase -- http://www.weatherbase.com/

    • Weather and climate data from locations around the world

Geographic and Environmental Data


Geological resources

Geological resources

  • U.S. Geological Survey -- http://www.usgs.gov

  • USGS: Natural Hazards site -- http://www.usgs.gov/natural_hazards/

    • Main USGS portal to all sorts of natural hazard (earthquakes, volcanoes, coastal storms, etc.) information

  • USGS: Earthquake Hazards Program -- http://earthquake.usgs.gov

  • USGS: Volcano Hazards Program -- http://volcanoes.usgs.gov

Geographic and Environmental Data


Geological resources1

Geological resources

  • Smithsonian Institution (SI): Global Volcanism Program -- http://www.volcano.si.edu

  • NOAA: Tsunami Program -- http://www.tsunami.noaa.gov

  • NOAA: Pacific Tsunami Warning Center -- http://www.weather.gov/ptwc/

Geographic and Environmental Data


Chemical resources

Chemical resources

  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA): Envirofacts -- http://www.epa.gov/enviro/

    • Environmental data from localities across the U.S.

  • USEPA: National Priorities List -- http://www.epa.gov/superfund/sites/npl/

    • Sites that are listed in or being considered for listing in the Superfund program

  • USEPA: Toxics Release Inventory -- http://www.epa.gov/tri/

    • Data on releases of toxic and other hazardous substances

Geographic and Environmental Data


Chemical resources1

Chemical resources

  • USEPA: Integrated Risk Information System -- http://www.epa.gov/IRIS/

    • Toxicological data on substances regulated or considered for regulation by the USEPA

  • Centers for Disease Control & Prevention: Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry -- http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov

    • Authoritative scientific reviews of toxicological data on substances that are regulated or considered for regulation by USEPA and other agencies

Geographic and Environmental Data


Chemical resources2

Chemical resources

  • Department of Transportation (DOT): Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration -- http://phmsa.dot.gov/

    • Agency regulates pipelines and transport of hazardous materials

  • Emergency Response Guidebook -- http://wwwapps.tc.gc.ca/saf-sec-sur/3/erg-gmu/erg/ergmenu.aspx

    • User-friendly guide to characteristics of hazardous materials transported on highways and railways

Geographic and Environmental Data


Emergency resources

Emergency resources

  • World Health Organization (WHO): Emergency Preparedness and Humanitarian Action -- http://www.emro.who.int/eha/

  • U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) -- http://www.dhs.gov

  • Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) -- http://www.fema.gov

  • Occupational Health & Safety Administration (OSHA) -- http://www.osha.gov

Geographic and Environmental Data


Emergency resources1

Emergency resources

  • CDC: Emergency Preparedness & Response -- http://www.bt.cdc.gov/cdc/orgs_progs.asp

  • National Response Framework -- http://www.fema.gov/pdf/emergency/nrf/nrf-core.pdf

  • National Contingency Plan -- http://www.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/waisidx_00/40cfr300_00.html

Geographic and Environmental Data


Emergency resources2

Emergency resources

  • Virginia Department of Emergency Management (VDEM) -- http://www.vaemergency.com

  • Virginia Department of Health (VDH): Emergency Preparedness & Response Programs -- http://www.vdh.state.va.us/epr/

  • Emergency and Disaster Information Service (EDIS): AlertMap -- http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php

Geographic and Environmental Data


Scientific societies

Scientific societies

  • American Association of Geographers – http://www.aag.org

  • American Geophysical Union -- http://www.agu.org

  • American Meteorological Society -- http://www.ametsoc.org

  • Society for Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry -- http://www.setac.org

  • Society for Risk Analysis -- http://www.sra.org

  • Society of Toxicology -- http://www.toxicology.org

Geographic and Environmental Data


Non governmental organizations

Non-governmental organizations

  • International Committee of the Red Cross -- http://www.icrc.org/eng/

  • American Red Cross -- http://www.redcross.org

  • Doctors without Borders -- http://www.doctorswithoutborders.org

Geographic and Environmental Data


Journalism organizations

Journalism organizations

  • National Association of Science Writers -- http://www.nasw.org

  • Society of Environmental Journalists -- http://www.sej.org

Geographic and Environmental Data


Ecological resources

Ecological resources

  • The Encyclopedia of Earth: Biome – http://www.eoearth.org/article/Biome/

  • World Wildlife Fund: Terrestrial Ecoregions – http://www.worldwildlife.org/science/ecoregions/item1267.html

  • World Wildlife Fund: Marine Ecoregions of the World – http://www.worldwildlife.org/science/ecoregions/marine/item1266.html

Geographic and Environmental Data


Ecological resources1

Ecological resources

  • World Wildlife Fund: Freshwater Ecoregions of the World – http://www.worldwildlife.org/science/ecoregions/freshwater.html

  • The Nature Conservancy: Freshwater Ecoregions of the World – http://www.feow.org

Geographic and Environmental Data


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