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ENGL 500: English Practicum. Sources of Geographic and Environmental Data. Why these data?. A knowledge of geography is vital to understanding the natural and cultural world around us. Location affects many more phenomena than just business.

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engl 500 english practicum

ENGL 500: English Practicum

Sources of Geographic and Environmental Data

why these data
Why these data?
  • A knowledge of geography is vital to understanding the natural and cultural world around us.
  • Location affects many more phenomena than just business.
  • The environment figures in many of the most vexing issues facing society today.
  • The list that follows is far from exhaustive…

Geographic and Environmental Data

focus of this talk
Focus of this talk
  • Geographic resources
  • Weather and climate resources
  • Geological resources
  • Chemical resources
  • Emergency resources
  • Scientific societies
  • Non-governmental organizations
  • Journalism organizations

Geographic and Environmental Data

geographic resources
Geographic resources
  • U.S. Census Bureau: American Factfinder -- http://factfinder.census.gov/home/saff/main.html
    • Population, housing, economic, and other data
  • U.S. Census Bureau: International Data Base -- http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/idb/
    • Demographic data, population pyramids
  • U.S. Board on Geographic Names -- http://geonames.usgs.gov/
    • National and international place names

Geographic and Environmental Data

geographic resources1
Geographic resources
  • U.S. National Atlas -- http://www.nationalatlas.gov/
  • U.S. Census Bureau: Topologically Integrated Geographic Encoding and Referencing system (TIGER) -- http://www.census.gov/geo/www/tiger/
    • A geographic information system (GIS) that allows users to display Census and other data
  • U.S. Census Bureau: LandView 6 -- http://www.census.gov/geo/landview/
    • Allows users to view U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Census Bureau, and U.S. Geological Survey maps

Geographic and Environmental Data

geographic resources2
Geographic resources
  • Central Intelligence Agency (CIA): The World Factbook -- https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html
  • U.S. Geological Survey (USGS): Maps, Imagery, and Publications -- http://www.usgs.gov/pubprod/
    • Allows users to search for, and in some cases download, USGS maps and other products

Geographic and Environmental Data

geographic resources3
Geographic resources
  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA): Earth Observatory -- http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/
    • While far from comprehensive, it is a treasure trove of satellite and other remotely sensed imagery
  • NASA/NOAA: Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) -- http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/
    • Satellite imagery from the GOES program

Geographic and Environmental Data

geographic resources4
Geographic resources
  • NASA/NOAA: Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) -- http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/
    • Satellite imagery from the GOES program
  • NOAA: National Geophysical Data Center -- http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/ngdc.html
    • A smorgasbord of geophysical data, including topographic and bathymetric data
  • Google Earth -- http://www.google.com/earth/
    • Explore the world from the safety of your computer

Geographic and Environmental Data

weather and climate resources
Weather and climate resources
  • World Meteorological Organization (WMO) -- http://www.wmo.int
    • United Nations agency responsible for climate, atmosphere, and oceans
  • WMO: World Weather Information Site -- http://worldweather.wmo.int/
    • Official weather data and forecasts from around the world

Geographic and Environmental Data

weather and climate resources1
Weather and climate resources
  • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) -- http://www.noaa.gov
    • U.S. agency responsible for oceans, atmosphere, and climate
  • NOAA: National Weather Service -- http://www.weather.gov
    • Weather data and forecasting
  • NOAA: National Center for Environmental Prediction -- http://wwwt.ncep.noaa.gov/
    • Lots of cool imagery and forecast products

Geographic and Environmental Data

weather and climate resources2
Weather and climate resources
  • NOAA: National Hurricane Center -- http://www.nhc.noaa.gov
    • Subdivision of the National Weather Service responsible for tropical weather data and forecasts
  • NOAA: National Climatic Data Center -- http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov
    • NOAA center responsible for archiving many types of climate data and climate proxy data
  • NOAA: Daily Weather Maps -- http://www.hpc.ncep.noaa.gov/dailywxmap/

Geographic and Environmental Data

weather and climate resources3
Weather and climate resources
  • NASA: Global Climate Change -- http://climate.nasa.gov
    • I am probably the only person in the room who had e-mails released in the Climate Gate affair, so I may be biased, but climate change is occurring and NASA has a lot of data here to help you learn about those changes.
  • USGS: Water Data Discovery -- http://water.usgs.gov/data/
    • Primary national repository for water resources data

Geographic and Environmental Data

weather and climate resources4
Weather and climate resources
  • Weather & Climate Data -- http://wxmaps.org/
    • Very nice maps and other graphics developed from NCEP data and model results
  • Weather Underground -- http://www.wunderground.com
    • One of the coolest Web sites in the world
  • World Climate -- http://www.worldclimate.com
    • Climate (not weather) data from locations around the world
  • Weatherbase -- http://www.weatherbase.com/
    • Weather and climate data from locations around the world

Geographic and Environmental Data

geological resources
Geological resources
  • U.S. Geological Survey -- http://www.usgs.gov
  • USGS: Natural Hazards site -- http://www.usgs.gov/natural_hazards/
    • Main USGS portal to all sorts of natural hazard (earthquakes, volcanoes, coastal storms, etc.) information
  • USGS: Earthquake Hazards Program -- http://earthquake.usgs.gov
  • USGS: Volcano Hazards Program -- http://volcanoes.usgs.gov

Geographic and Environmental Data

geological resources1
Geological resources
  • Smithsonian Institution (SI): Global Volcanism Program -- http://www.volcano.si.edu
  • NOAA: Tsunami Program -- http://www.tsunami.noaa.gov
  • NOAA: Pacific Tsunami Warning Center -- http://www.weather.gov/ptwc/

Geographic and Environmental Data

chemical resources
Chemical resources
  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA): Envirofacts -- http://www.epa.gov/enviro/
    • Environmental data from localities across the U.S.
  • USEPA: National Priorities List -- http://www.epa.gov/superfund/sites/npl/
    • Sites that are listed in or being considered for listing in the Superfund program
  • USEPA: Toxics Release Inventory -- http://www.epa.gov/tri/
    • Data on releases of toxic and other hazardous substances

Geographic and Environmental Data

chemical resources1
Chemical resources
  • USEPA: Integrated Risk Information System -- http://www.epa.gov/IRIS/
    • Toxicological data on substances regulated or considered for regulation by the USEPA
  • Centers for Disease Control & Prevention: Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry -- http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov
    • Authoritative scientific reviews of toxicological data on substances that are regulated or considered for regulation by USEPA and other agencies

Geographic and Environmental Data

chemical resources2
Chemical resources
  • Department of Transportation (DOT): Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration -- http://phmsa.dot.gov/
    • Agency regulates pipelines and transport of hazardous materials
  • Emergency Response Guidebook -- http://wwwapps.tc.gc.ca/saf-sec-sur/3/erg-gmu/erg/ergmenu.aspx
    • User-friendly guide to characteristics of hazardous materials transported on highways and railways

Geographic and Environmental Data

emergency resources
Emergency resources
  • World Health Organization (WHO): Emergency Preparedness and Humanitarian Action -- http://www.emro.who.int/eha/
  • U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) -- http://www.dhs.gov
  • Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) -- http://www.fema.gov
  • Occupational Health & Safety Administration (OSHA) -- http://www.osha.gov

Geographic and Environmental Data

emergency resources1
Emergency resources
  • CDC: Emergency Preparedness & Response -- http://www.bt.cdc.gov/cdc/orgs_progs.asp
  • National Response Framework -- http://www.fema.gov/pdf/emergency/nrf/nrf-core.pdf
  • National Contingency Plan -- http://www.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/waisidx_00/40cfr300_00.html

Geographic and Environmental Data

emergency resources2
Emergency resources
  • Virginia Department of Emergency Management (VDEM) -- http://www.vaemergency.com
  • Virginia Department of Health (VDH): Emergency Preparedness & Response Programs -- http://www.vdh.state.va.us/epr/
  • Emergency and Disaster Information Service (EDIS): AlertMap -- http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php

Geographic and Environmental Data

scientific societies
Scientific societies
  • American Association of Geographers – http://www.aag.org
  • American Geophysical Union -- http://www.agu.org
  • American Meteorological Society -- http://www.ametsoc.org
  • Society for Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry -- http://www.setac.org
  • Society for Risk Analysis -- http://www.sra.org
  • Society of Toxicology -- http://www.toxicology.org

Geographic and Environmental Data

non governmental organizations
Non-governmental organizations
  • International Committee of the Red Cross -- http://www.icrc.org/eng/
  • American Red Cross -- http://www.redcross.org
  • Doctors without Borders -- http://www.doctorswithoutborders.org

Geographic and Environmental Data

journalism organizations
Journalism organizations
  • National Association of Science Writers -- http://www.nasw.org
  • Society of Environmental Journalists -- http://www.sej.org

Geographic and Environmental Data

ecological resources
Ecological resources
  • The Encyclopedia of Earth: Biome – http://www.eoearth.org/article/Biome/
  • World Wildlife Fund: Terrestrial Ecoregions – http://www.worldwildlife.org/science/ecoregions/item1267.html
  • World Wildlife Fund: Marine Ecoregions of the World – http://www.worldwildlife.org/science/ecoregions/marine/item1266.html

Geographic and Environmental Data

ecological resources1
Ecological resources
  • World Wildlife Fund: Freshwater Ecoregions of the World – http://www.worldwildlife.org/science/ecoregions/freshwater.html
  • The Nature Conservancy: Freshwater Ecoregions of the World – http://www.feow.org

Geographic and Environmental Data

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