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Gender. Mainstreaming . in Planning & Development Division and Departments Project. Supported by:. Project: Gender Mainstreaming . Department: Planning and Development Division & Departments. Project Duration: 3 Years. PROJECT LOCATIONS.

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mainstreaming

Gender

Mainstreaming

in Planning & Development Division and Departments Project

Supported by:

slide2

Project: Gender Mainstreaming

Department: Planning and Development Division & Departments

Project Duration: 3 Years

PROJECT LOCATIONS

Project Locations: Islamabad, Lahore, Karachi, Peshawar, Quetta,

Gilgit, Muzafarabad

Gilgit

Muzaffarabad

Head Office: Islamabad

Peshawar

Project Cost: US$ 4.5M

Lahore

Quetta

Donors Share

CIDA

US$ 1.5M

NORAD

US$ 0.3M

Karachi

Project Scope

slide3

i

Formulation

ii

Implementation

iii

Monitoring

iv

Evaluation

About Gender Mainstreaming Project

In Planning & Development Division and Departments Project

“Build the capacity of the government officials to

mainstream gender in the…

…of government policies, plans, programme and project in

all areas of development”.

slide4

Project Objectives

1

Gender sensitization of senior and mid-level planning and

development (P&D) officials at the federal, provincial and district levels.

2

Developing capacity for gender analysis, planning, monitoring and evaluation.

3

Establishing gender disaggregated databases using information and communication technology skills and competencies.

4

Establishing knowledge based networking, e-forums, and a

community of gender mainstreaming practitioners.

5

Developing institutional mechanisms and procedures for systematic gender mainstreaming and accountability in government.

slide5

A high priority of the Project is to raise the awareness of senior officials and policy makers of the government. The training comprises of four categories, each with defined target group as follows:

    • senior government
    • professional civil servants working in the top tiers of government
    • legislators
    • managers and data managers

Capacity Development thru

Gender Mainstreaming Project

slide6

Gen

d

er

Mainstream

i

n

g

in PDDD

Working Towards

Gen

d

er

Achieving

the National

Justice through

and Inter

n

ational

Musa

l

i

h

at

commitments on

Gen

d

er

and

Po

v

erty

Anjuman

Issues

C

ontribute

to

pover

t

y

eradica

t

ion

efforts

throu

g

h

g

ender

respon

s

ive

g

over

n

ance

and

a

Gen

d

er

Wome

n

ri

g

hts

-

b

ased appr

o

ach

to

Respon

s

i

v

e

Po

l

itica

l

sust

a

ina

b

le

human

Bu

dg

eti

n

g

Schoo

l

development

I

nitiati

v

e

Women

I

nstitutiona

l

Access

to

Stren

g

then

i

n

g

Capita

l

&

of the N

C on

Techno

lo

g

y

the Status

of Women

Projects Supported by GSP

slide7

Contribute to poverty eradication

efforts through gender responsive governance

and a rights-based approach to sustainable

human development

Overview of Gender Support Programme

Institutional Strengthening

of NCSW Gender Responsive Budgeting,

MoFGender Mainstreaming in the

Planning Process, P&DD Achieving

National & Int’l Commitments on Gender

& Poverty Issues, MoWD

  • Political Participation
      • Women’s Political School, MoWD (mega
      • intervention to make women councilors and
      • local government more effective).
      • Interventions – providing ToT, training
      • 36000 councilors, building support link.,
      • sharing info. and institutional strengthening.

Enabling Social Environment

Gender Justice through Musahilat Anjuman

(MA). Interventions – build capacity

of MA members, enhance public engagement,

promote women’s awareness of their

rights, utilize services of the MA.

Economic Empowerment

Women’s Access to Capital and

Technology (WACT). Enhance economic s

tatus of urban and rural women through

credit, promoting small and medium

entrepreneurship, building capacity,

facilitating ICT solutions and networking.

slide8

Session

1

Introduction

slide9
Introductions
  • Icebreaker
  • Norms
slide10

Overall Discussion Objectives

  • To review concepts of gender and establish its relevance for equitable and sustainable development;
  • To provide policy makers with a rationale as to why gender should be mainstreamed in policies, programmes and projects;
  • To share strategies for gender mainstreaming.
slide12

Session

2

Why Gender Matters for

Policy Makers

slide13
Every 20 minutes a woman dies …. from preventable complications of pregnancy and child birth
  • More women die of communicable diseases than men.
  • The infant mortality rate from 1995 to 2000 was 98 for girls and 93 for boys per 1,000 births.
  • The literacy rate for women (39%) is nearly half that of men ( 63%).
  • The sex difference in child mortality is one of the highest in the world, with death rates for girls aged 1-4 years being 66% higher than for boys in the same age group.
  • Pakistan is one of the few countries in the world in which men outnumber women in the population and women have a lower life expectancy than men.
at the bottom of the pile
At the bottom of the pile…
  • UNDP’s Gender Development Index (GDI), Pakistan ranks 120th out of 144 countries (it is below both India and Bangladesh)
  • The Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM) it ranks 64th out of 78 countries
overview of gop commitments
Overview of GoP Commitments

International Commitments

  • MDGs – Millennium Development Goals (MDGs, 2000)
  • CEDAW – in force on September 3, 1981 Pakistan ratified in 1996

National Commitments

  • MTDF – Mid Term Development Framework (2005-10)
  • NPA – by Ministry of Women and Development, September 1998.
  • NPDEW – by Ministry of Women and Development, 2002

Major Initiatives

  • GRAPs – National and Provincial GRAPs (2004)
  • Decentralization Support Program - TA2
  • GSP - Gender Support Programme (2003-2008)
gender blind development
Gender-Blind Development
  • Renovation of water courses in Mardan
  • Aga Khan Education Services (AKES) in the Northern Areas
  • Water supply scheme in Balochistan
  • Sindh’s education policy for rural areas
  • A rice research project in Punjab
unpacking gender
Unpacking Gender

Gender refers to the economic, social and cultural attributes and opportunities associated with being a man or a woman in a given society.

engendering development means recognizing
Engendering Development Means Recognizing….
  • Women and men often have different needs and priorities due to their different status and roles in society
  • Development interventions have to be based on an understanding of gender roles
  • Women and their needs and priorities have to be given as much importance as those of men
  • Only then is humane, just and sustainable development possible
slide21

Message for Policy Makers and Planners

  • Although development interventions claim to be neutral, it tends to benefit those who are:
    • better off
    • educated
    • well-informed
    • more accessible
    • having greater access
  • All of the above are more likely to be men than women

Resources and facilities usually benefit those who are best placed to exploit them.

An unconscious bias against the disadvantaged, especially against women

slide22
When water flows it takes the path of least resistance ….similarly to whom resources will flow is determined by our values, beliefs and

commitments

slide23

3

Session

Gender Mainstreaming in Policies, Programs & Projects

slide24
How can policy makers & planners ensure that the needs and expectations of all members of society are met equitably?
understanding gender mainstreaming
Understanding Gender Mainstreaming

“ …the process of assessing the implications for women and men of any planned action, including legislation, policies or programs, in all areas and at all levels. It is a strategy for making women’s as well as men’s concerns and experiences an integral dimension of the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of policies and programs in all political, economic, and societal spheres so that women and men benefit equally and inequality is not perpetuated.”

gender mainstreaming in policies programs and projects
Gender Mainstreaming in Policies, Programs and Projects

Situation

Assessment

& Analysis

Monitoring / Evaluation

Project Goals/Objectives, Strategy & Project Management

Project

Implementation

gender mainstreaming in
Gender Mainstreaming in …

Situation

Assessment

& Analysis

Monitoring / Evaluation

Project Goals/Objectives, Strategy & Project Management

Project

Implementation

situation assessment and analysis
Situation Assessment and Analysis

Were gender disaggregated data and gender analysis used in the background and justification of the policy, program or project?

slide30

Case Study

1. Once upon a time the sex-disaggregated data for a National TB Program

Conclusion?

Action?

the question you did not ask
The question you did not ask:

Do these differences in notification rates reflect a true difference in TB incidence for women and men?

Need for gender statistics

slide32

3. Gender statistics were collected, followed by gender analysis and gender-related issues emerged as follows:

  • Differences in clinical symptoms in women and men:
  • Sputum test regime: women tend not to come back to the clinic to complete their sputum test
  • Quality of sputum produced by men and women
  • Understanding of and belief about TB
  • Health-care seeking behavior and TB diagnosis
  • Compliance with treatment and recovery after treatment.
gender mainstreaming in1
Gender Mainstreaming in …

Situation

Assessment

& Analysis

Monitoring / Evaluation

Project Goals/Objectives, Strategy & Project Management

Project

Implementation

project goals objectives strategy and project management
Project Goals/Objectives, Strategy and Project Management
  • Are the needs of both women and men reflected in the goals, objectives and strategies of the Project?
  • Is there a clear policy for mainstreaming women?
  • Has appropriate budgeting been assigned for sufficient for the development of both men and women?
  • Does the strategy consider men’s and women’s practical and strategic gender needs?
gender mainstreaming in2
Gender Mainstreaming in …

Situation

Assessment

& Analysis

Monitoring / Evaluation

Project Goals/Objectives, Strategy & Project Management

Project

Implementation

project implementation
Project Implementation
  • Will both men and women participate in the implementation?
  • Are those who will implement the Program or Project gender aware?
  • Has adequate and appropriate resources been aligned to work with both men and women?
gender mainstreaming in3
Gender Mainstreaming in …

Situation

Assessment

& Analysis

Monitoring / Evaluation

Project Goals/Objectives, Strategy & Project Management

Project

Implementation

monitoring evaluation
Monitoring/Evaluation
  • Does the monitoring and evaluation strategy have a gender perspective?
  • Do the indicators measure the gender dimension of each objective?
  • Have appropriate methods and resources been assigned to obtain information from both gender?
  • Is there provision for a communication strategy?
  • Does the project redress a previous unequal sharing?
government officials must not assume
Government Officials Must Not Assume

It means that all government officials…… at all levels, no longer simply assume that either gender (especially women) will automatically benefit from a proposed policy or program. Rather, it is consciously thinking about how this will happen.

slide41

4

Session

Taking Forward the Gender Agenda …..

gender mainstreaming what does it need

Internal Commitment from Senior Most Leadership

Support

from

Experts

Gender Mainstreaming … What Does it Need?

Strengthened Processes by Mainstreaming in Policy, Programme or Project Document

feedback
Feedback

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Confusing

Worthwhile

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feedback1
Feedback
  • Q.1. How would you rate the following sessions? (tick your feedback)
  • Q.2 Please inform us of those aspects of the session that you found most useful (e.g. contents, concepts, use of case studies, participatory aspect of the event, material, etc).
  • Q.3 Please identify one step that you would like to take in order to mainstream gender in your organization’s policy, programme or planning processes.
  • Q.4 What support could the Gender Mainstreaming Project extend to your organization with regard to mainstreaming gender?
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