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Intelligent Agents on the Internet and Web. BY ROHIT SINGH MANHAS 070919048 M.C.A 4TH SEM . Dept. of I&CT, MIT, Manipal. Agents Intelligent Agents Characteristics of Intelligent Agents Classes of Intelligent Agents Classification and Application of Intelligent Agents

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BY

ROHIT SINGH MANHAS

070919048

M.C.A 4TH SEM.

Dept. of I&CT, MIT, Manipal


  • Agents

  • Intelligent Agents

  • Characteristics of Intelligent Agents

  • Classes of Intelligent Agents

  • Classification and Application of Intelligent Agents

  • Agent Services

  • Conclusion

  • References

Dept. of I&CT, MIT, Manipal


Agents

  • An agent is anything that can be viewed as perceiving its environment through sensors and acting upon that environment through its effectors to maximize progress towards its goals.

  • Human agent: eyes, ears, and other organs for sensors;

  • hands, legs, mouth, and other body parts for actuators

  • Robotic agent: cameras and infrared range finders for sensors; various motors for actuators

Dept. of I&CT, MIT, Manipal


Agents interact with environments through sensors and effectors

Dept. of I&CT, MIT, Manipal


Intelligent Agent effectors

  • Intelligent Agent (IA)

  • An intelligent agent (IA) is a self-contained, autonomous software module that could perform certain tasks on behalf of its users with some degree of independence or autonomy, and in so doing, employ some knowledge or representation of the user's goals or desires.

  • The term agent is derived from the concept of agency, referring to employing someone to act on your behalf.

Dept. of I&CT, MIT, Manipal


Characteristics effectorsof Intelligent Agents

  • Autonomy or empowerment

    • An agent that takes initiative and exercises control over its own actions have these characteristics:

      • Goal oriented

      • Collaborative

      • Flexible

      • Self-starting

Dept. of I&CT, MIT, Manipal


  • Communication effectors (interactivity)

    • Many agents are designed to interact with other agents, humans, or software programs

  • Automating repetitive tasks

    • An agent is designed to perform narrowly defined tasks, which it can do over and over without getting bored or sick or going on strike

Dept. of I&CT, MIT, Manipal


  • Reactivity effectors

    • Agents perceive their environment and respond in a timely fashion to changes that occur in it

  • Proactiveness (or persistence)

    • Agents are able to exhibit goal-directed behavior by taking initiative

  • Temporal continuity

    • Agents are continuously running processes that can be temporarily inactive while waiting for something to occur

Dept. of I&CT, MIT, Manipal


Why Intelligent Agents? effectors

• Information overload

– A major value of intelligent agents is that they are able to assist in searching through all the data

– Intelligent agents save time by making decisions about what is

relevant to the user on its behalf

• Reasons for the success of agents

– Decision support

– Frontline decision support

– Repetitive office activities

– Mundane personal activity

– Search and retrieval

– Domain experts

Dept. of I&CT, MIT, Manipal


Classes of intelligent agents effectors

• Simple Reflex agents

• Model-based reflex agents

• Goal-based agents

• Utility-based agents

Dept. of I&CT, MIT, Manipal


Simple Reflex Agents effectors

Simple reflex agents acts only on the basis of the current percept. The agent function is based on the condition-action rule: if condition then action rule

Dept. of I&CT, MIT, Manipal


Function effectorsREFLEX-VACUUM-AGENT ([location, status])

returns action

if status = Dirty then return Suck

else if location = A then return Right

else if location = B then return Left

Vacuum-cleaner world

  • Percepts: location and contents, e.g., [A, Dirty]

  • Actions: Left, Right, Suck.

Dept. of I&CT, MIT, Manipal


Model-Based Reflex Agents effectors

A model-based reflex agent keeps track of the current state of the world using an internal model. It then chooses an action in the same way as the reflex agent.

Dept. of I&CT, MIT, Manipal


Function R effectorsEFLEX-AGENT-WITH-STATE (percept) returns an action

static: state, a description of the current world state

rules, a set of condition-action rules

action, the most recent action, initially none

state  UPDATE-STATE (state, action, percept)

rule  RULE-MATCH(state, rules)

action  RULE-ACTION[rule]

return action

Dept. of I&CT, MIT, Manipal


Goal-Based effectors Agents

Goal-based agents are model-based agents which store information regarding situations that are desirable. This allows the agent a way to choose among multiple possibilities, selecting the one which reaches a goal state.

Dept. of I&CT, MIT, Manipal


Utility-Based Agents effectors

Goal-based agents only distinguish between goal states and non-goal states. It is possible to define a measure of how desirable a particular state is. This measure can be obtained through the use of a utility function which maps a state to a measure of the utility of the state.

Dept. of I&CT, MIT, Manipal


Utility-Based Agents effectors

Dept. of I&CT, MIT, Manipal


Classification of Intelligent Agents effectors

Mobile Agents

Interface Agents

Multi-Agent System (MAS)

Information/Internet Agents

Learning Agents

Dept. of I&CT, MIT, Manipal


APPLICATIONS OF INTELLIGENT AGENTS ON THE INTERNET AND WEB effectors

Agent-Based Information Retrieval

Information Explosion

Interfaces

Mediated Searches and Information Brokers

Information Filtering Agents

Dept. of I&CT, MIT, Manipal


Agents in Electronic Commerce effectors

  • Helping the user decide which products to buy

  • Finding specifications and reviews of them.

  • Making recommendations

  • Comparison shopping to find the best price for the desired product.

  • Watching for and-intimating user about special offers and discounts.

Dept. of I&CT, MIT, Manipal


Agent Services effectors

  • Announcement Agents

  • Book Agents

  • Business Information Monitoring Agents

  • Classified Agents

  • Job Agents

  • Financial Service Agents

  • Entertainment Agents

Dept. of I&CT, MIT, Manipal


CONCLUSION effectors

Intelligent agents on the Internet and Web will grow dramatically in the next few years and they would be put into use in a variety of new applications and services. The following quotes aptly highlight the prospects of intelligent agents.

“Agents are here to stay ... because of their diversity, their

wide range of applicability and the broad spectrum of

companies investing in them.”

“In the future, it [agent] is going to be the only way to search

the Internet, because no matter how much, better the Internet

is going to be organised, it can’t keep pace with information.”

Dept. of I&CT, MIT, Manipal


REFERENCES AND RESOURCES effectors

  • Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach by Stuart Russell and Peter Norvig, 1995 Prentice-Hall, Inc.

  • Bradshaw, J. M (ed.,), 1997. Software Agents, Menlo Park, CA: AAAI/MIT Press, 1997

  • IEEE Internet Computing, Vol. I, No. 3, July –August 1997, Special Issue on Internet-Based Agents.

  • Communications of the ACM Journal "Intelligent Agents"Vo1.37, No.7, July 1994

  • Comm. of the ACM 1994, Special Issue on Intelligent Agents, July 1994.

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Encyclopedia

Dept. of I&CT, MIT, Manipal


THANK YOU !!! effectors

Dept. of I&CT, MIT, Manipal


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