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Developments in GIS from data to work flow management. Marinus de Bakker Expertise Centre Geo-information & Soil Management Van Hall Instituut, Groningen [email protected] 13/10/03 University of Udine. Contents as examples. Riskmanagement & animal diseases

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Developments in gis from data to work flow management

Developments in GISfrom data to work flow management

Marinus de Bakker

Expertise Centre

Geo-information & Soil Management

Van Hall Instituut, Groningen

[email protected]

13/10/03 University of Udine


Contents as examples
Contents as examples

  • Riskmanagement & animal diseases

    • available data, knowledge and wisdom

  • Parcel registration

    • project towards organisation

  • Workflow management

    • GI in the enterprise


Gis and animal diseases
GIS and animal diseases

  • Foot and Mouth disease

    • Van Hall experiences

  • Avian influenza

    • presentation

  • Theoretical remarks



What to do
What to do?

  • preventive measures

  • need for specific data / information

    • students

      • home / practical placement

    • staff

      • animals?

    • communication

      • internal / external


Description of 2 km zone example
Description of 2 km zone (example)

The boundaries of the 2 km zone are as follows:

1. Vanaf H.M. Gerbrandywei N361 (Morra) volgend in noordoostelijke

richting tot de 2 km cirkel Anjum.2. De 2 km cirkel Anjum volgend met de klok mee tot Saatsenwei.3. Saatsenwei de weg volgend in zuidwestelijk richting overgaand in Tibsterwei.4. Tibsterwei volgend tot 2 km cirkel Ee.5. De 2 km cirkel Ee volgend met de klok mee tot Lauwersseewei N361(Metslawier).6. Lauwersseewei N361 (Metslawier) de weg volgend in

noordoostelijke richting overgaand in H.M. Gerbrandywei N361 (Morra).

?? Usefull ??


Results foot and mouth
Results foot and mouth

  • difficult to get reliable data immediately

  • crisis team

  • afterwards ……….


Next crisis avian influenza
Next crisis:Avian Influenza

  • Ministry:

    • better prepared

  • Slideshow:

    • weekly update of the different outbreaks

    • blue: suspect, red: confirmed

    • bufferzones: no transport













Results avian influenza
Results Avian Influenza

  • difficulty to get reliable data

    • location farms (postal codes)

    • professional farming versus hobby farming

    • up to date data

  • redigitizing roads for blockades

  • communication with the general public


Theoretical approach for the next disaster response
Theoretical approach for the next “disaster” response

  • Identification & Planning

    • risk assessment

    • collection of reliable and up to date consistent data

    • define the possible presentation

  • Response

    • communication

    • short decisionlines

  • Recovery

    • lessons for next year


Conclusions animal diseases
Conclusions Animal diseases

  • exchange of

    • data (quality and structure)

    • information and organisation

  • wisdom

    • prepare (GI team ready)

    • test (run simulations)

    • evaluate

    • learn & educate

    • stay prepared


From a project to an organization

From a project to an organization

Government Service Parcel Registration,

Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality

(DBR, Assen, the Netherlands)


Parcel registration
Parcel registration

  • 1 need changed to several needs

  • less administrative pressure / burocracy

  • basic data: each farmer indicates his parcels

    • user, title, crop, date, area, coordinates, history

    • source, documents, communication

    • aerial photos, topographic and cadastral maps

  • definition:

    • connected piece of land (no topographical boundaries)

    • used by 1 client, 1 user, 1 crop, 1 fertilizer number

  • once collected (but update! every month)

  • use for different measures / subsidies


Actual procedure 1995
Actual procedure (< 1995)

data

fertilizers

Each measure:

record

Nature protection

wildlife

verification

farmer

as

client

Nature protection

vegetation

decision

subsidy

calculate

herbicides

account

rights


Problems
problems

  • different client numbers

  • claims are too high / too low

  • claims on 1 parcel by different clients

  • parcels to difficult to digitize

  • quality of digitized parcels was too low, time constraint!


Data sources
Data sources

  • topographical data (1:10.000)

  • arial photo’s

  • cadastral map

  • soil map

  • municipality administration (name, adress)

  • all digital

  • farm map


Unlink collection and use
Unlink: collection and use

data

Each measure:

Record

&

verification

farmer

as

client

decision

calculate

account

rights


Technical infrastructure
Technical infrastructure

  • database Oracle 8ispatial / SDE

  • operating system VMS 7.3

  • interface Designer/Developer 6.0

  • GIS Map Objects 2.1


Solution long term
Solution: long term

front

office

mid

office

back

office

agricultural

sector

services

relationship

parcels

animal, plants

data

entry



Gi s integrates

GI(S) integrates

Work flow management


Gis implementation
GIS Implementation

Enterprise

GIS

Departmental GIS

Data Access/Data Publishing

Personal GIS

Network/Cooperation

Projects

Data Management

Cartography/Analysis



Definition of workflow i
Definition of workflow (I)

  • number of activities to reach a goal (product or service)

    • logics and steps

    • personnel, materials (data), resources

    • tasks, responsibilities, qualifications, power

    • quality assurance of the procedure

    • link with time and money

  • What to do by whom, when, and with what result?


Job tracking for arcgis jtx
Job Tracking for ArcGIS (JTX)

  • enterprise workflow management application

  • multi-user geodatabase environments

  • simplifies, automates, tracking and streamlines workflow

  • allocates resources

Source: www.esri.com/jobtracking


Definition of workflow ii
Definition of workflow (II)

  • once versus repetitive

    • one map versus digital database

    • GIS procedure and/or GIS application

  • research versus maintenance

    • explorative or confirmative (hypotheses)

    • collection of data and/or monitoring

  • technical versus organizational

  • content versus procedure


Why a description of the workflow
Why a description of the workflow?

  • analytical tool

  • also use for communication

    • record

    • reproduce

  • process objective, process design and process maintenance


Focal point
Focal point

I have a GIS solution, where is the problem?

I am involved in a workflow that could be enhanced,

how can I use GI(S)? (effective and efficient)


Definition of workflow iii
Definition of workflow (III)

  • level

    • individual

    • project

    • programme

    • division

    • enterprise wide

    • country wide

    • world wide


Project group level
Project group level

Source: http://www.rmsi.com/gis/processes.htm



Approach general idealized
Approach (general + idealized)

Level of project

lifecycle

Source: http://campus.esri.com


Knowledge management

Working group

Working group

Working group

project

project

project

Knowledge management

environment

knowledge bank

expertise

circle

calendar

documents

processes

newsletter

fetch

bring


Competences
Competences

  • demonstrated abilities: behavioral characteristics that are important to fulfill a certain role /function with succes

  • knowledge

    • GI infrastructure, - maintenance, - presentation, analysis, -visualise

  • skills and attitudes

    • flexibility, communication, self-management, creativity

    • analytical capabilities, accuracy, compromise




Levels
levels

1. basic knowledge and attitude, coached, application in controlled environment

2. applies compentence independent in simple situations

3. more complex situations

4. applies competence in a flexible way, can help others


Conclusion
Conclusion

  • Communication

    • creative

    • innovative


Questions discussion
Questions?Discussion?

Expertise Centre

Geo-information & Soil Management

Van Hall Instituut, Groningen

[email protected]


Near future
(near) future

  • update faster

  • collection smarter

    • data input with internet (check?)

    • management info system of farmer (precision farming)

    • combination with other databases

    • 1 form for all

  • presentation with internet (privacy?)

  • later: include animals


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