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Canadian business patterns (CBP): product review. DLI training (Ontario) Laine G.M. Ruus Data Library Service, University of Toronto 2006/04/12. Canadian business patterns (61F0040XCB). Where does it come from What’s in it? What’s it useful for?. Where does it come from?.

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Canadian business patterns (CBP): product review

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Canadian business patterns (CBP): product review

DLI training (Ontario)

Laine G.M. Ruus

Data Library Service, University of Toronto


Canadian business patterns(61F0040XCB)

  • Where does it come from

  • What’s in it?

  • What’s it useful for?

Where does it come from?

  • Collected via the Business Register (BR) (SDDS 1105)

  • “a complete, up to date and unduplicated list on all active businesses in Canada that have a corporate income tax (T2) account, are an employer or have a GST account with an annual gross business income of over $30.000”

  • Response is mandatory

Where does it come from (cont’d)

  • includes incorporated businesses, unincorporated businesses, commercial enterprises, non-profit organizations, religious organizations, government departments and government institutions

  • data from Canada Customs and Revenue (CCRA) Business Number file

    • Corporate income tax account

    • Employer deduction accounts

  • updated on an on-going basis

Products from the Business Register:


    • one table only (178-0001)

    • the variable used to compute establishment size

    • quarterly, available 1980 – latest

    • by province/territory and super-provincial region

  • Canadian business patterns (CBP; 61F0040XCB)

    • produced every 6 months

    • distributed to DLI, Beyond 20/20 format

  • Variables not available from the BR:

    • gross business income

    • identification variables

    • contact variables

CANSIM contains one table from the Business Register:

What’s in Canadian Business Patterns?

  • CBP contains 5 variables:

    • Time (date): annual files 1988-2001; semi-annual 2002 (June) to latest

    • Geography: province/territory 1988-latest; CMA/CA 1998-latest; CD/CSD 2001-latest

    • Industry classification: SIC 1988-2004(June); NAICS 1998-latest

    • Size of company (measured as number of employees, grouped)

    • Establishment count (number of establishments)

Discrete tables by date,

geographic level, and

level of industry

classification detail

Each table shows establishments by employee size range,

industry category, and geographic area

What is it used for?

  • statistics on economic development (by sector)

  • information on number of jobs (as opposed to number of employed)

  • heavily used by such departments as Geography, Management, Economics

Q: But how do I get number of jobs, the CBP gives number of businesses?

  • A:

    • Step 1: calculate the midpoints of each size category

    • Step 2: multiply the number of businesses in each size category by the midpoint of that category

Calculating the mid-points for each size category


Original upper limit

Original lower limit

Estimating from Canadian business patterns, Dec. 2005

Size categories

How well do CBP-based estimates approximate census data?

Employed by industry, NAICS 1997 : CSD-level profile,





Employed by industry, NAICS 1997 : place of work, 2001 Census of population

Estimated from Canadian business patterns, Dec. 2001

Where to find out more:

Statistics Canada Business Register – a brief guide

Definitions and concepts used in Business Register

(also found in the CBP .zip file available from DLI)

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