Study skills and test taking strategies
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Study Skills and Test Taking Strategies. Kathy Alden, RN, MSN, IBCLC Academic Counselor. Preparing for Class. Look over chapter Read outline and course objectives Do readings, make notes Look up new terminology Write down ?’s to ask in class. Getting the Most from Lectures.

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Study Skills and Test Taking Strategies

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Study skills and test taking strategies

Study Skills and Test Taking Strategies

Kathy Alden, RN, MSN, IBCLC

Academic Counselor


Preparing for class

Preparing for Class

  • Look over chapter

  • Read outline and course objectives

  • Do readings, make notes

  • Look up new terminology

  • Write down ?’s to ask in class


Getting the most from lectures

Getting the Most from Lectures

  • Sit near front

  • Change seats occasionally

  • Focus on content, not on instructor

  • Be alert for repetition of concepts


Getting the most from lectures1

Getting the Most from Lectures

PAY ATTENTION TO VERBAL TIPS:

reading from text

enumerations

terminology

OBSERVE SUBTLE CUES

louder voice

repeating idea

pausing for you to write

hand gestures

END OF LECTURE: STAY FOCUSED


Tips on taking notes

Tips on Taking Notes

  • Clean paper, one side only

  • Wide margins

  • Powerpoint slides

  • Date, title, and number pages

  • Use abbreviations

  • Write legibly

  • Highlight important points (COLOR)

  • Retype on word processor

  • Compare with others

  • LISTEN!!! LISTEN!!! LISTEN!!!


Study groups

Study Groups

  • Forming the group

  • Conducting the group

    • Assign tasks

    • Test each other

    • Practice teaching

    • Compare notes

    • Brainstorm questions

    • Set an agenda

    • Pair off to do book reports

    • Prepare study questions to teach others in group


Memory techniques

Organize the info

General to specific

Meaningful

Associations

Memory Techniques


Memory techniques1

Memory Techniques

  • Use your body

    • Learn actively

    • Be relaxed, but mentally alert

    • Picture it

    • Recite, Repeat, Write


Memory techniques2

Memory Techniques

  • Use your brain

    • Reduce interference

    • Use daylight

    • Overlearn

    • Distribute learning


Memory techniques3

Memory Techniques

  • Recall it

    • Remember in association

    • Notice remembering

    • Use it or lose it


Before a test

Before a test…

  • Manage review time

    • Daily, weekly, major reviews

  • Create review tools

    • Checklists, mind maps, flash cards

  • Plan a strategy

    • Study guides, dry test run, instructor expectations

    • Join a study group


Before a test1

Before a test….

  • Avoid marathon study sessions

  • Don’t review right before a test

  • Get a good night’s sleep two nights before a test

  • Don’t work the day before

  • EAT BREAKFAST!!!


During the test

During the test…

  • Arrive early

  • Avoid discussing habits with other students

  • Jot down memory aids

  • Scan entire test

  • Use memory techniques when stuck

  • Pace yourself


Multiple choice questions

Multiple Choice Questions

  • Answer easy ones first

  • Answer each question before looking at answers

  • Mark a question if you are having trouble and come back to it

  • Only if you have misread the question should you change your answer


Guidelines for test taking success in nursing school

Guidelines for Test-taking Success in Nursing School

  • Know the parts of the question

    • Background, stem, options

  • Read carefully before looking at the options

    • Key words: except, primary, initial,

      best, most


Guidelines for test taking success in nursing school1

Guidelines for Test-taking Success in Nursing School

  • ID theme of item and use info given

  • Answer difficult questions by eliminating obviously incorrect responses first


Guidelines for test taking success in nursing school2

Guidelines for Test-taking Success in Nursing School

  • Always select the most therapeutic and respectful response

  • Eliminate bizarre, inappropriate, and punitive responses

  • Know basic nursing principles


Guidelines for test taking success in nursing school3

Guidelines for Test-taking Success in Nursing School

  • Manage time

  • Do not change answers without good reason

  • Choose options within realm of nursing judgment vs physician judgment


Priority setting

Priority Setting

  • What action takes priority?

  • What should the nurse do first?

  • What should the nurse do initially?

  • What is essential for the nurse to do?

  • Look for key words….

    • All, nothing, every, always, only, rarely, never.


Sample

Sample

  • All of the following behaviors are typical of a three year old except:

  • Putting on make up and playing grown up

  • Reciting address and phone number

  • Throwing a ball about 5 feet

  • Identifying animals from a picture book


Sample1

Sample

  • A husband was admitted to the ER in DTs. This admission is his third visit in two weeks. While waiting to see her husband, the wife said to the nurse: “What in the world can I do to help my husband get over this drinking problem?”. The best initial response for the nurse is:

  • “Don’t feel guilty. I know this must be difficult for you”.

  • “Let’s go into the lounge so we can talk more about your concern”.

  • “You need to convince him to seek professional help”.

  • “How long has your husband been drinking?”


Sample2

Sample

  • A 58 year old is recovering from a prostatectomy. His urinary output in the past 2 days has been satisfactory. However, the nurse now notices that it is becoming increasingly bloody. The nurse’s first action is to:

  • Irrigate the foley

  • Notify the physician

  • Take vital signs

  • Empty the drainage bag


When the test is over

WHEN THE TEST IS OVER…

  • REWARD YOURSELF!!!!


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