Socio Economic Policies For Child Rights With Equity
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Socio Economic Policies For Child Rights With Equity Royal Orchid Sheraton Hotel & Towers Bangkok, Thailand 13 – 17 June 2011. Specific issues in implementing social protection programmes. 17 June 2011 Michael Samson [email protected] Overview.

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17 June 2011 Michael Samson [email protected]

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Socio Economic Policies For Child Rights With EquityRoyal Orchid Sheraton Hotel & Towers Bangkok, Thailand13 – 17 June 2011

Specific issues in implementing social protection programmes

17 June 2011

Michael Samson

[email protected]


Designing social transfers within a broader development planning framework










Biological transmission mechanisms of social protection

Around the world social protection improves educational outcomes

…and health outcomes


Social protection programmes can include any of five possible elements

An implementation model

Examples from Indonesia,

Nepal, South Africa

and Brazil







Core implementation systems for a social transfer system

Overlap and interface:


External Databases

Component 1:


Determine Eligibility



Single Registry

Enrolment Process

Payments Database

  • How do you register people?

  • survey approach

  • on-demand approach

Payments System

Component 2:

Payments Processes

Delivery systems--Case 1: Debit card accounts

  • Debit Card is a basic transaction bank account product targeted specifically at the needs of social grant recipients

  • Features:

    • No minimum balance requirement.

    • SASSA pays $1.50 per month per account; includes two free withdrawals per month at ABSA ATM’s or usage at POS with ABSA merchants

    • Usable at any other bank ATM for fee or VISA POS

  • Takeup: More than two-thirds of grant recipients in main province; now in others too

  • ABSA actively cross sells other financial services to its recipient client base;

  • Accounts are also offered to non-recipient clients as well.

  • Source: BFA (2006,2008)

Case 2: Smart card at agents

  • HSN is a new pilot scheme which pays bi-monthly to households in arid N and NE of Kenya

  • Payment is made by Equity Bank, via a bank account which is accessed via a smart card

  • Smart card can be accessed via agents (shop keepers) appointed by bank in areas where there are

  • Followed a specialized procurement process which incentivized financial inclusion

  • Source: Ferrand (2007), Pulver (2008)

Case 3: Mobile phones

  • DDR scheme paid follow-on demobilization allowance of $25 pm to 75 000 retired soldiers in DRC

  • Review 2007: meant to disburse through 8000 airtime agents but liquidity limited outside Kinshasa so became a cash payment scheme using mobile vehicle

  • Leakage considered low; cost 10-15% even in very low infrastructure environment

  • Source: BFA (2008a)

Programme risk (Fiduciary risk)


Improper allocation of funds

Fiduciary Risk

Failure to achieve primary objectives

Inadequate oversight

Rights protection

  • Independence

  • Effectiveness

    • Competence

    • Authority

    • Resources

Examples from Mexico,

South Africa, Kenya, India

Complementary programmes

  • Birth registration

  • Fee waivers for vital services

  • Improved service infrastructure

  • Linking in awareness

  • Livelihoods linkages

    • Home-grown school feeding

    • Promoting the “supply” response

      • Targeted inputs

      • Small scale industrial strategy

Examples from


South Africa,



The role of pilots and M&E


  • Developmental delivery systems

  • Role for complementary programmes

  • Role of public/private co-operation

  • The importance of a communications strategy

  • Again, learn from global lessons of experience – but ground the programme in the nation’s social and policy context

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