Socio Economic Policies For Child Rights With Equity
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Socio Economic Policies For Child Rights With Equity Royal Orchid Sheraton Hotel & Towers Bangkok, Thailand 13 – 17 June 2011. Specific issues in implementing social protection programmes. 17 June 2011 Michael Samson [email protected] Overview.

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17 june 2011 michael samson msamson epri za

Socio Economic Policies For Child Rights With EquityRoyal Orchid Sheraton Hotel & Towers Bangkok, Thailand13 – 17 June 2011

Specific issues in implementing social protection programmes

17 June 2011

Michael Samson

[email protected]


Overview

Overview


Designing social transfers within a broader development planning framework

Designing social transfers within a broader development planning framework

Intra-

sectoral

linkages

Inter-

sectoral

linkages

Inter-

sectoral

linkages


17 june 2011 michael samson msamson epri za

Biological transmission mechanisms of social protection


17 june 2011 michael samson msamson epri za

Around the world social protection improves educational outcomes


And health outcomes

…and health outcomes

SOURCE: IFPRI


Social protection programmes can include any of five possible elements

Social protection programmes can include any of five possible elements


17 june 2011 michael samson msamson epri za

An implementation model

Examples from Indonesia,

Nepal, South Africa

and Brazil

Admin

Delivery

Single

Registry

Rights

M&E


17 june 2011 michael samson msamson epri za

Core implementation systems for a social transfer system

Overlap and interface:

Enrolment

External Databases

Component 1:

Administration

Determine Eligibility

Registration

Process

Single Registry

Enrolment Process

Payments Database

  • How do you register people?

  • survey approach

  • on-demand approach

Payments System

Component 2:

Payments Processes


Delivery systems case 1 debit card accounts

Delivery systems--Case 1: Debit card accounts

  • Debit Card is a basic transaction bank account product targeted specifically at the needs of social grant recipients

  • Features:

    • No minimum balance requirement.

    • SASSA pays $1.50 per month per account; includes two free withdrawals per month at ABSA ATM’s or usage at POS with ABSA merchants

    • Usable at any other bank ATM for fee or VISA POS

  • Takeup: More than two-thirds of grant recipients in main province; now in others too

  • ABSA actively cross sells other financial services to its recipient client base;

  • Accounts are also offered to non-recipient clients as well.

  • Source: BFA (2006,2008)


Case 2 smart card at agents

Case 2: Smart card at agents

  • HSN is a new pilot scheme which pays bi-monthly to households in arid N and NE of Kenya

  • Payment is made by Equity Bank, via a bank account which is accessed via a smart card

  • Smart card can be accessed via agents (shop keepers) appointed by bank in areas where there are

  • Followed a specialized procurement process which incentivized financial inclusion

  • Source: Ferrand (2007), Pulver (2008)


Case 3 mobile phones

Case 3: Mobile phones

  • DDR scheme paid follow-on demobilization allowance of $25 pm to 75 000 retired soldiers in DRC

  • Review 2007: meant to disburse through 8000 airtime agents but liquidity limited outside Kinshasa so became a cash payment scheme using mobile vehicle

  • Leakage considered low; cost 10-15% even in very low infrastructure environment

  • Source: BFA (2008a)


17 june 2011 michael samson msamson epri za

Programme risk (Fiduciary risk)

Fraud

Improper allocation of funds

Fiduciary Risk

Failure to achieve primary objectives

Inadequate oversight


Rights protection

Rights protection

  • Independence

  • Effectiveness

    • Competence

    • Authority

    • Resources

Examples from Mexico,

South Africa, Kenya, India


Complementary programmes

Complementary programmes

  • Birth registration

  • Fee waivers for vital services

  • Improved service infrastructure

  • Linking in awareness

  • Livelihoods linkages

    • Home-grown school feeding

    • Promoting the “supply” response

      • Targeted inputs

      • Small scale industrial strategy

Examples from

Brazil,

South Africa,

Senegal,

Malawi


The role of pilots and m e

The role of pilots and M&E


Conclusions

CONCLUSIONS

  • Developmental delivery systems

  • Role for complementary programmes

  • Role of public/private co-operation

  • The importance of a communications strategy

  • Again, learn from global lessons of experience – but ground the programme in the nation’s social and policy context


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