Students as directors of their own learning
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Students as Directors of Their Own Learning. using iMovie to create truly authentic learning. Basic Vocabulary. Get to know the basics. Video Clips. Video clips are segments of footage that you select and manipulate in iMovie HD as you build and edit your movie.

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Students as directors of their own learning

Students as Directors of Their Own Learning

using iMovie to create truly authentic learning


Basic vocabulary

Basic Vocabulary

Get to know the basics


Video clips

Video Clips

  • Video clips are segments of footage that you select and manipulate in iMovie HD as you build and edit your movie.

  • If you copy a section of video, or separate the audio from one piece of your footage and paste it elsewhere, those pieces are also called clips.



  • Information about a clip is shown at the top of each clip in the clip viewer and the Clips pane. The number in the top-left corner of the clip indicates its length in minutes: seconds:frames.


Frames

Frames

  • A single still image in a video clip is called a "frame."

    • Movies are made up of a series of frames.

  • When you move the playhead to a frame, the frame's location in the movie is displayed above the playhead.

    • The location 01:08:15 shows that the frame occurs 1 minute, 8 seconds, and 15 frames into the movie.



  • The number of movie frames (or images) that flash across the screen each second as you watch a movie is called the frames per second (fps), or "frame rate."


Clip viewer

Clip Viewer

  • The clip viewer below the iMovie monitor displays clips in the order that they will appear in your movie.

  • It gives you a simple, straightforward view of the clip sequences and transitions used in your movie.

  • You can easily drag clips to rearrange them or add clips to the clip viewer by dragging them from the Clips pane.

  • You can also drag video files from the Finder desktop into the Clip viewer.


Clip viewer1

Clip Viewer


Timeline viewer

Timeline Viewer

  • The timeline viewer below the iMovie monitor displays the movie's video track and two audio tracks.

  • Use the timeline viewer to position and edit audio and video.

  • The three tracks allow you to add and manipulate multiple layers of sound, including the sound contained in the video clips.


Timeline viewer1

Timeline Viewer


Scrubber bar

Scrubber Bar

  • The scrubber bar below the iMovie monitor represents the total length of a selected clip.

  • A playhead appears at the top of the scrubber bar.

  • You can drag the playhead along the scrubber bar to browse the frames, or "scrub," in your movie.


Scrubber bar1

Scrubber Bar

  • When you hold the pointer under the scrubber bar, crop markers appear.

  • You use the crop markers to select frames in a clip.

  • The selected frames are represented by a yellow shaded area in the scrubber bar.


Playhead

Playhead

  • The triangular control that appears in the scrubber bar and at the top of the timeline viewer is called the "playhead." Its position corresponds to the frame in the clip that is displayed in the iMovie monitor.

  • As you play a movie, the playhead moves along the scrubber bar and timeline indicating the frames being displayed.



Crop markers

Crop Markers

  • Crop markers appear under the scrubber bar whenever you select a clip and hold the pointer just under the scrubber bar.

  • You use crop markers to select part of a video clip.

  • Drag them left or right to mark the beginning and end of the part that you want to crop, copy, or trim.

  • You can also select and apply video effects to a portion of a clip.

  • You can use the crop markers to select video in a single clip or across several clips. 



Clip information

Clip Information

  • The Clip Info window appears when you choose Show Info from the File menu. You can use the Clip Info window to:

    • Change the name of the clip

    • Find out how much disk space the clip takes up

    • Find out the date and time the clip was captured

    • See the duration of a clip


Clip information1

Clip Information


Clips pane

Clips Pane

  • When you first import video, your footage appears in the Clips pane.

  • You can select and play clips in the Clips pane to initially review the footage you have.

  • You can easily delete unwanted clips by dragging clips to the iMovie Trash or selecting them and pressing Delete.

  • You can also split clips and do initial trimming and cropping of footage in the Clips pane to prepare the footage for finer editing later in the clip viewer or timeline viewer.

  • You can rename clips and rearrange them to organize them as you plan your project.


Clips pane1

Clips Pane

  • Drag clips from the Clips pane to the clip viewer to add them to your movie.

  • You can also Option-drag a clip from the Clips pane to copy the clip into your movie, leaving the original still available in the Clips pane.

  • You can remove clips from your movie by dragging them from the clip viewer back to the Clips pane or into the iMovie Trash.

  • You can also drag clips to your desktop for use in other applications or to copy them into another iMovie HD project.


Students as directors of their own learning

Clips Pane


Direct trimming

Direct Trimming

  • You can use direct trimming in the timeline viewer to trim audio and video clips quickly and with fewer steps.

  • When you place the pointer near one end of the clip and drag toward the center, you trim the clip with one move.

  • The trimmed video is still present, but hidden, so you can drag the end of the clip in and out until you have it exactly as you want.

  • The trimmed part of the clip is preserved.



Direct trimming1

Direct Trimming

  • You can also trim adjacent clips in a similar way.

  • If you place the pointer near the center of the clip, you can drag the clip without trimming any of it.

    • As you drag toward an adjacent clip, all the adjoining clips move (or "ripple") along with it.

    • But, if you hold down the Command key as you drag, you overwrite the adjacent clip with the clip you're moving.

    • In this way, you can extend or move a clip and remove adjoining footage in the same move.



Getting started

Getting Started


Imovie

iMovie

  • When you open iMovie HD, three options appear:

    • Create a new project

    • Open an existing project

    • Create a Magic iMovie


Starting a new project

Starting a New Project

  • In most cases, when you start a new project, you don't need to choose a video format.

  • iMovie HD can automatically detect whether you're importing footage from a standard definition (DV), high definition (HDV), or Apple iSight camera.

  • However, if you need to, you can choose the appropriate format for your video. 



Importing media

Importing Media

Importing video, audio, and still images


Importing video audio images

Importing Video, Audio, & Images

  • You can import audio, video, and still images to use in your movie.

  • Importing an image or clip can be as easy as dragging it into your movie from the desktop.

  • Or you can use the Import command to select and import clips and images.

  • You can also copy and paste clips between movies.


Using the import command

Using the Import Command

  • Choose File > Import

  • Select the file you want to import

  • Click “Open”


Supported formats

Supported Formats

  • iMovie HD supports importing video in common formats, such as standard definition and wide screen formats (NTSC and PAL), high definition formats (HDV 720p and 1080i), MPEG-4, and clips from Apple's iSight camera.

  • Audio files must be in AIFF format or another format that works with QuickTime.


Importing a clip from another imovie project

Importing a Clip from Another iMovie Project

  • Open the project you want to copy clips from

  • Select the clips and choose Edit > Copy

  • Open the iMovie presentation you want to copy the clips into

  • Choose Edit > Paste


Supported video formats

Supported Video Formats

  • DV NTSC

  • DV PAL

  • DV NTSC Widescreen

  • DV PAL Widescreen

  • MPEG 4

  • iSight

  • HDV 720p

  • HDV 1080i


To specify a video format

To Specify a Video Format

  • Choose File > New Project or click the Create New Project button in the Project window

  • In the Create Project dialog, click the “Video format” triangle to display format options

  • Choose the video format options you want

  • Click Create


Setting a default frame rate

Setting a Default Frame Rate

  • Different video formats may use different frame rates.

    • For example, standard definition video in NTSC format uses a frame rate of 29.97 frames per second, whereas PAL format uses a frame rate of 25 frames per second.

    • High definition video may use 29.97 or 25 frames per second depending on the specific format of the video camera.


Setting a default frame rate1

Setting a Default Frame Rate

  • Choose iMovie HD > Preferences

  • Click on the General icon

  • Select a frame rate from the “New Project frame rate” pop-up menu


Setting a default frame rate2

Setting a Default Frame Rate


Adding photos from iphoto library

Adding Photos from iPhoto Library

  • Click the Photos button

  • Choose and album from the pop-up menu

  • Select a photo from the photos displayed in the Photos pane and drag it


Working with clips

Working with Clips

Editing video clips


Selecting part of a video clip

Selecting Part of a Video Clip

  • Select the clip (or clips).

  • Drag the crop markers below the scrubber bar to mark the beginning and end of the section you want to select.

  • To move the crop marker one frame at a time, select a crop marker by Shift-clicking or dragging it and then press the Left or Right Arrow key.

  • To move the marker ten frames at a time, hold down Shift as you click the arrow keys.


Cropping video clips

Cropping Video Clips

  • You can crop a clip by selecting it in the Clips pane, clip viewer, or timeline viewer and dragging the crop markers below the scrubber bar to indicate where you want your clip to begin and end.

  • Next, choose Edit > Crop to delete the unselected portions of the clip from the video.



    • Tip: To precisely adjust the crop marker position, click a marker to select it and press the Left or Right Arrow key to move the crop marker one frame at a time.

    • To move the marker in 10-frame increments, hold down the Shift key while pressing the arrow key.


Cutting copying pasting

Cutting, Copying, & Pasting

  • To copy a clip to a new position in the movie:

    • Select the video clip or frame range you want to cut or copy, then choose Edit > Cut or Copy.

    • Move the playhead where you want the chosen clip to appear.

    • Choose Edit > Paste.


Cutting copying pasting1

Cutting, Copying, & Pasting

  • When you position the playhead within a clip and choose Paste, the clip is split at the playhead and the pasted video, along with its soundtrack, appears as a new clip at that point (pushing the remaining portion of the split clip back in the timeline.)

  • You can also have the the pasted clip replace footage in the timeline.

    • Position the playhead where the pasted clip should start and choose Advanced > "Paste Over at Playhead".

    • The pasted clip replaces an equal duration of clip in the timeline.


Deleting segments

Deleting Segments

  • To trim a video clip using direct trimming:

    • Select the clip you want to edit in the timeline viewer.

    • Position the pointer over the end of the clip until you see the pointer change.

    • Drag the end of the clip to remove the frames that you want trimmed.

      • If you trim too much from the clip, you can drag the end of the clip again to lengthen it. The trimmed frames are not lost.

    • Repeat the procedure on the other end of the clip, if you want.


Splitting a clip

Splitting a Clip

  • Select a clip and position the playhead where you want to divide the clip.

  • Choose Edit > "Split Video Clip at Playhead" or "Split Selected Audio Clip at Playhead."


Adjusting the length of an image

Adjusting the Length of an Image

  • Double-click the clip in the clip viewer or timeline viewer.

  • Type the duration you want in the Duration field.

  • Click Set.


Changing direction speed

Changing Direction & Speed

  • Select the clip or clips in the clip viewer or timeline viewer.

  • Click Effects.

  • Select the Fast/Slow/Reverse effect and choose the options you want.

  • Click Apply.


Creating a color clips

Creating a Color Clips

  • To change a black clip to color:

    • Select the black clip in the clip viewer.

    • Choose File > Show Info.

    • Click the Color box and choose a color for the clip.

    • Click Set.


Adding motion to an image

Adding Motion to an Image

  • To pan or zoom during the display of a photo, you apply the Ken Burns Effect in the Photos pane.

    • You can use the Ken Burns Effect to resize or crop an image without adding motion.

  • The photograph appears as a clip at the end of your movie in the timeline.

    • You can drag the clip to where you want it to appear in your movie.


Students as directors of their own learning

Adding Motion to a Photograph


Adding motion to an image1

Adding Motion to an Image

  • Click the Photos button and click the Ken Burns Effect checkbox if it's not selected.

  • Select a photograph from your iPhoto library and click Start.

  • Use the Zoom slider to move to the starting point for a zoom.

  • Hold the pointer over the image in the preview monitor until a hand appears, then press the mouse button and drag to the spot in the photograph where you want to begin the pan.

  • Click End.


Adding motion to an image2

Adding Motion to an Image

  • Use the Zoom slider to move to the ending point for the zoom.

  • Hold the pointer over the image until a hand appears, then press the mouse button and drag to the point at which you want to end the pan.

  • Move the Duration slider to set the length of time you want the pan and zoom action to take.

  • Click Preview to see the overall effect, and repeat the above steps to make adjustments.

  • Click Apply when you have the effect you want.


Copying pan zoom settings

Copying Pan & Zoom Settings

  • To copy the starting settings to the ending settings:

    • Click the Photos button and make sure the Ken Burns Effect checkbox is selected.

    • Select a photograph from your iPhoto library and click Start.

    • Set up the pan and zoom effect you want.

    • Press the Option key and click End.

    • Make the final pan and zoom changes your image needs.


Removing pan zoom

Removing Pan & Zoom

  • To remove the pan and zoom effect from a rendered image:

    • Select the image in the clip viewer.

    • Click the Photos button to open the Photos pane.

    • Deselect the Ken Burns Effect checkbox.

    • Click Update.


Capturing a still image

Capturing a Still Image

  • To save the image as a file to export to another application:

    • Display the image you want to export in the iMovie monitor.

    • Choose File > Save Frame and save the file with the format and name you want.

      • JPEG or PICT format


Playing your whole movie

Playing Your Whole Movie

  • To see your whole movie play:

    • Choose Edit > Select None.

    • Move the playhead to the beginning of the movie, or click Rewind.

      • To quickly rewind, you can press the Home key on your keyboard.

    • Click Play.


Restoring a clip

Restoring a Clip

  • Select the clip in the timeline viewer or clip viewer.

  • Choose Advanced > Revert Clip to Original


Deleting unwanted footage

Deleting Unwanted Footage

  • To delete footage:

    • Select the audio or video clips you want to delete.

      • To select multiple clips, hold down the Shift key (or the Command key for discontiguous clips) while you click the clips.

    • Choose Edit > Clear or press the Delete key.


Transitions titles effects

Transitions, Titles, & Effects


Transitions between clips

Transitions Between Clips

  • Click the Transitions button and select a transition style in the Transitions pane.

  • Set the duration of the transition using the Speed slider.

  • Set the direction you want the transition to start from using the arrow buttons (if applicable).

  • Click Preview to see how the transition looks.

  • Drag the transition from the list to where you want it in the clip viewer.


Titles text

Titles & Text

  • Click the Titles button to open the Titles pane.

  • Select a title style from the titles list.

  • Click an arrow button to choose the direction the text moves (if applicable).

  • Type the text you want in the text field.

  • Select Over Black if you want the title to appear over a black clip.


Titles text1

Titles & Text

  • To change the color of the text, click the Color box to select a color.

  • Choose a font style for the title from the pop-up menu, and drag the text size slider to make the text larger or smaller.

  • Drag the Speed slider and Pause slider to change the duration of the title.

  • Click Preview to see how the title will look.

  • When the title is ready, drag it into the clip or timeline viewer, or, if the clip already has a title, select a clip and click Update.


Video effects

Video Effects

  • Select the clip or clips you want to alter.

    • To apply an effect to a section of a clip, drag the crop markers to select the frame range you want.

  • Click the Effects button and select a video effect.

  • Move the Effect In and Effect Out sliders to indicate when you want the effect to begin and end.


Video effects1

Video Effects

  • Adjust the effect with any other available sliders (some effects have more options).

  • Click Preview to view the effect in the iMovie monitor.

  • Repeat any of the above steps until you have the effect the way you want it.

  • Click Apply.


Undoing changes

Undoing Changes

  • Choose Edit > Undo to remove your last change. Continue choosing Undo to cancel your previous changes one by one.

  • Choose Advanced > Revert Clip to Original to undo all of the changes made to a selected clip.

  • Choose File > Revert to Saved to undo all of the changes made to a project since the last time you saved it.


Edit existing effects

Edit Existing Effects

  • Select the clip or transition icon that you want to change in the clip viewer.

    • If you want to select all your transitions at once, select a transition and choose Edit > Select Similar Clips.

  • Click the Titles, Effects, or Transitions button.

  • Make your modifications in the pane you selected.

  • Click Update.


Working with sound

Working with Sound


Adding sound

Adding Sound

  • Move the playhead in the timeline viewer to the frame where you want to hear the sound effect.

  • Click the Audio button.

  • Choose iMovie Sound Effects from the pop-up menu.


Adding sound1

Adding Sound

  • Click the arrow next to the sound effect collections to see more effects, then click a sound effect to listen to it.

  • Click "Place at Playhead.”

  • Choose Advanced > "Lock Audio Clip at Playhead" if you want to lock the sound effect to a specific frame (if you reposition the video clip, the locked audio clip moves with it).


Trimming audio tracks

Trimming Audio Tracks

  • Select the audio clip in the timeline viewer.

  • If volume level bars appear in your clips in the timeline viewer, choose View > Show Clip Volume Levels to hide them.

  • Position your pointer at one end of the audio clip until it changes shape, then drag to where you want the audio clip to start or end.


Splitting an audio clip

Splitting an Audio Clip

  • Select a clip and position the playhead where you want to divide the clip.

  • Choose Edit > "Split Video Clip at Playhead" or "Split Selected Audio Clip at Playhead."


Recording a voiceover

Recording a Voiceover

  • Click the Audio button.

  • Click the Record button next to the input meter and speak into your microphone.

    • Speak clearly. While you are speaking, the input meter should be yellow. If it turns red, you are speaking too loudly.

  • Click the button again to stop recording.


Positioning audio with video

Positioning Audio with Video

  • To position an audio clip with a specific video frame:

    • Select the audio clip in the timeline viewer.

    • Move the audio clip until the frame you want appears in the iMovie monitor.

    • Choose Advanced > "Lock Audio Clip at Playhead" if you want to make sure that the audio clip doesn't get moved (you can unlock it later if you change your mind).


Fade in fade out

Fade In & Fade Out

  • Choose View > Show Clip Volume Levels.

    • A volume level bar appears in each clip in the timeline viewer.

  • Click a point on the volume level bar where you want the volume to change, then drag the marker up or down to adjust the volume.

    • You can click the volume level bar multiple times to adjust volume up and down at multiple points during the length of a clip.

  • Move the markers until you have the amount of fade you want.


Adjusting volume

Adjusting Volume

  • To make fine adjustments to the volume level of a clip:

    • Choose View > Show Clip Volume Levels.

    • Click a point on the volume level bar where you want to adjust the volume, then drag the marker that appears up or down to make the sound louder or softer at that point.

    • Click the beginning point of the marker and drag to adjust how abruptly the volume changes. (You can use this adjustment to make the clip fade in or out.)


Adjusting volume1

Adjusting Volume


Separating sound from video

Separating Sound from Video

  • To extract sound from a clip:

    • Select a video clip in the timeline viewer.

    • Choose Advanced > Extract Audio.


Inserting with running audio

Inserting with Running Audio

  • Choose iMovie HD > Preferences.

  • Click General.

  • Select the "Extract audio when using 'Paste Over at Playhead'" checkbox.

  • Select the video or image that you want to insert.

  • Choose Edit > Cut or Copy.

  • Position the playhead at the first frame to be replaced, or use the crop markers to select the video frames to replace.

  • Choose Advanced > "Paste Over at Playhead."


Removing audio when pasting

Removing Audio When Pasting

  • To change the default:

    • Choose iMovie HD > Preferences.

    • Click General.

    • Deselect the "Extract audio when using 'Paste Over At Playhead'" checkbox.


Turning audio on and off

Turning Audio On and Off

  • You can play one or both audio tracks at a time to preview your audio effects, or turn off the audio in the video track of your movie. For example, if you notice sound problems coming from your video track, you might mute the video track to eliminate them.

  • To turn the audio in a track on or off, select or deselect the checkbox on the right side of the track.


Locking audio to video

Locking Audio to Video

  • Move the playhead in the timeline viewer to the point at which you want the audio to start.

  • Drag the audio clip so that its starting point is lined up with the playhead.

  • Choose Advanced > "Lock Audio Clip at Playhead.”

  • Pins in the audio and video clips indicate that the audio is locked to the video. To unlock the audio, select the clip and choose Advanced > Unlock Audio Clip.


Sharing your movie

Sharing Your Movie


Saving as a quicktime movie

Saving as a QuickTime Movie

  • Choose File > Share.

  • Click QuickTime and choose a movie format from the pop-up menu.

  • Click the "Share selected clips only" checkbox if you only want to share clips you selected.

  • Click Share.

  • Name your movie, select a location for the file, and click Save.


Exporting to idvd

Exporting to iDVD

  • Click the iDVD button to open the iDVD pane.

  • Click Create iDVD Project.

  • iDVD opens and your movie appears in a new project in iDVD.


Setting chapter markers for idvd

Setting Chapter Markers for iDVD

  • Move the playhead to the point at which you want to start a new chapter.

  • Click the iDVD button and click Add Chapter.

    • To quickly add a chapter marker, you can also choose Markers > Add Chapter Marker.

  • Type a chapter title next to the thumbnail that appears in the iDVD pane.


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