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Gulliver’s Travels. By Jonathan Swift. Jonathan Swift . 1667 - 1745. Irish. Swift was Irish. He was born in Dublin in 1667. What are the similarities between Lemuel Gulliver in Gulliver’s Travels and Robinson Crusoe?. Both have an uncontrollable urge to travel.

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Gulliver s travels

Gulliver’s Travels

By Jonathan Swift


Jonathan swift

Jonathan Swift

1667 - 1745


Irish
Irish

  • Swift was Irish. He was born in Dublin in 1667


What are the similarities between Lemuel Gulliver in Gulliver’s Travels and Robinson Crusoe?



What are the differences between robinson and gulliver

What are the differences between Robinson and Gulliver? Gulliver’s Travels and Robinson Crusoe?





In some ways it seems like a children’s story, but…. superior to all other races, particularly non-Christians.

Gulliver’s Travels is a SATIRE


Satire
Satire superior to all other races, particularly non-Christians.

  • Although satire is usually meant to be funny, the purpose of satire is not primarily humour in itself.

  • It is an attack on something of which the author strongly disapproves, using the weapon of wit.


True story
True Story? superior to all other races, particularly non-Christians.

  • Like Robinson Crusoe, Gulliver’s Travels is written as though it is TRUE.

  • Of course nobody thought it was true, but it makes it more entertaining and more SATIRICAL.


A story with 4 parts
A story with 4 parts: superior to all other races, particularly non-Christians.

  • Gulliver’s Travels is divided into 4 parts.

  • Each part begins with Gulliver arriving alone in a strange land.

  • Each part ends with him returning home to England to his family.


Lilliput
Lilliput superior to all other races, particularly non-Christians.

  • Part One:

    In Lilliput Gulliver is a giant. The Lilliputians are all 6 inches tall.


  • At first in seems that feeding Gulliver could be so expensive for the Lilliputians that it may cause a famine.

  • Later they make use of Gulliver in their war with a country called Blefescu

  • They want Gulliver to completely destroy the Blefescuans but he refuses.


Ridiculous war
Ridiculous War expensive for the Lilliputians that it may cause a famine.

  • The Lilliputians and the Blefuscuans are at war over the correct way to break an egg.

  • Those who break the small end are Small Endians and those who break the big end are Big Endians.

  • Gulliver reports this as though it is completely reasonable.



Brodbingnag
Brodbingnag religious doctrine

  • Part Two:

    In Brodbingnag he is tiny, and everyone else seems like a giant to him.



Laputa balnibari luggnagg and glubbdubdrib
Laputa, Balnibari, Luggnagg and Glubbdubdrib come and see him.

  • Part Three:

    In part three he visits four countries.


Laputa
Laputa come and see him.

  • Laputa is an island that floats in the air.

  • They are extremely impractical and cannot concentrate on any conversation


Balnibari
Balnibari come and see him.

  • In Balnibari people are obsessed by music and mathematics.

  • They are bored by Gulliver.


Luggnagg
Luggnagg come and see him.

  • In Luggnagg ghosts of famous people from the past are called forth.

  • Gulliver is disappointed by many of them.


Glubbdubdrib
Glubbdubdrib come and see him.

  • In Glubbdubdrib people are occasionally born immortal.

  • These people are called struldbrugs.

  • Gulliver thinks this is wonderful, until he realises that the struldbrugs still become old and infirm and then long for death.


Land of the houyhnhnms
Land of the Houyhnhnms come and see him.

  • Part Four:

    Gulliver is most affected by his final journey.

    He loves the houyhnhnms and wishes to stay with them, but cannot.


  • The Houyhnhnms share their country with a race of wild, stupid, filthy creatures called Yahoos.

  • To The Houyhnhnms Gulliver looks like a Yahoo.

  • When Gulliver returns to England at the end of the book, he cannot bear to be around people or look in the mirror, he is so horrified by the human race.




Gulliver at the end of the story
Gulliver at the end of the story…

  • By the end of the book, Gulliver has basically been driven mad.

  • He cannot bear to look at his wife and family.

  • He buys some horses and spends his time talking to them.


A modest proposal
A Modest Proposal

  • A Modest Proposal: For Preventing the Children of Poor People in Ireland from Being a Burden to Their Parents or Country, and for Making Them Beneficial to the Public.


Swift appears to suggest in his essay that the impoverished Irish might ease their economic troubles by selling children as food for rich gentlemen and ladies.




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