GreenLink Forest Stewards. An Introduction to Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) Group Certification. How did Forest Certification Get Started?. 1941 - Idea of the Weyerhauser Family of Washington State – 120,000 acre tract to study fire suppression, sustained yield.
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An Introduction to Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) Group Certification
1941 - Idea of the Weyerhauser Family of Washington State – 120,000 acre tract to study fire suppression, sustained yield.
Eventually developed into American Tree Farm system. Dual threats of Fire and Unfair Taxation.
Underfunding and lack of national standards hindered the program until recently.
Today there are approximately 90,000 tree farmers and 26 million acres certified.
Wealth effect --- Affluence allows one to be concerned about things other than filling one’s stomach.
Health effect --- Concern about where the products we consume come from. In other words, organic food movement has now also become organic wood.
Population effect --- Concern about whether our planet can sustainably support continued population growth; what will be the impacts on the overall environment and aesthetic qualities of life.
Sustainability is a ‘Mega Trend’ for this century.
Product Sourcing (Where, How, Who) is a very real concern for the more affluent segment of the consumer segment.
Production to ‘Global Standards’ now occurs in every segment of the world marketplace.
Southern foresters and landowners must adapt or our wood products companies and therefore landowners will get left behind by other areas of the world who do ‘play the game’.
Kimberly-Clark Becomes First U.S. Branded Consumer Tissue Maker to Adopt Forest Stewardship Council's Sustainable Fiber Sourcing Standards
Kleenex and Scott Naturals Brand Consumer Products Carry FSC Label
DALLAS, October 10, 2011-Kimberly-Clark Corporation (NYSE: KMB) today announced it is the first U.S. tissue maker to offer branded consumer tissue products that meet the rigorous sustainable sourcing requirements of the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC). Kimberly-Clark's Kleenex brand facial tissue and Scott Naturals brand products sold in North America now include fiber sourced from suppliers who have been independently certified to follow the highest standards in forestry management while also protecting high conservation-value forests and habitat. Consumers can now identify FSC-certified Kleenex and Scott brand products by the FSC label on every package.
"This action is a major milestone in K-C's sustainability journey and a significant step forward in the consumer adoption of FSC-certified fiber for bathroom tissue, facial tissue and paper towels," said Suhas Apte, vice president - global sustainability. "K-C's commitment to FSC certification for its Kleenex and Scott Naturals brands will grow the demand for sustainably sourced fiber and will encourage more suppliers to practice responsible forest management."
Standards for judging sustainable forest management.
All have some form of independent audit process or third-party audit.
All have a chain-of-custody (COC) process or Forest Management ‘Number’ so that consumers can be assured that their wood products come from a ‘certified’ and therefore sustainable forest.
All have now adopted ‘social’ standards including those related to labor.
All cost money, take time and require extensive paperwork.
The people ‘behind the scenes’ for each certifying scheme. ( environmental groups (FSC) vs. industry groups (SFI) or hardwood industry (FSC) vs. softwood industry (SFI)
Focus of the standards (social FSC vs. industrial forestry SFI, natural forests FSC vs. plantation SFI)
Brand recognition, what is the marketplace asking for.
Because FSC was developed with the third-world tropical forests in mind, it places more emphasis on the social aspects of forest management. Ie. outside stakeholders, benefits to the community, labor.
Monitoring is a major component of the FSC system.
Proof of sustainability, ie. allowable cut determination and implementation is very important. Volumes grown and harvested must be reported.
Plantation forestry is ‘tricky’ with FSC, covertype conversion not allowed in most cases.
SFI (North America)
ATFS ( United States)Certification Pathways
If you have professional maps and planning.
If your lands have diversity of cover types and ages.
If you keep good records.
If you do not mind change, new thinking.
If you like to cut and get out.
If you fly by the seat of your pants.
If you like to clearcut tracts wall to wall and plant pine everywhere.
If you hate to document what you do.
If you think mgmt. standards are pointless.Can Your Lands Qualify for FSC?YesNo
Year 1 – 600 acres X $1.35/acre = $810
Year 2 – 600 acres X $.35/acre = $210
Year 3 – 600 acres X $.35/acre = $210
Year 4 – 600 acres X $.35/acre = $210
Year 5 – 600 acres X $.35/acre = $210
Total Cost over first 5 years =$1,650/5yrs/600ac.
Average Annual Cost =$.55/acre/year
Compliance with Laws, FSC
Tenure & Use Rights
Indigenous People’s Rights
Community Relations, Workers Rights
Benefits from the Forest
Monitoring & Assessment
Maintenance of HCVF
Commitment to Sustainable Forestry
Compliance with Laws
Reforestation & Afforestation
Air, Water, and Soil Protection
Fish, Wildlife and Biodiversity
Protection of Biological Biodiversity
Protection of Special Sites
Forest AestheticsFSC has 10 Principles of Forest Stewardship versus Tree Farm’s 8 Standards of Sustainability
Internal Group Monitoring vs. Property Level Reporting