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Regional action for the growth and job policy: The Emilia-Romagna approach. Lucia Cannellini University of London – 10 November 2005. a new scenario for European regions. Globalization More competitiveness and increased competition Communitarization of policies

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Regional action for the growth and job policy the emilia romagna approach

Regional action

for the growth and job policy:

The Emilia-Romagna approach

Lucia Cannellini

University of London – 10 November 2005


Regional action for the growth and job policy the emilia romagna approach

a new scenario for European regions

  • Globalization

  • More competitiveness and increased competition

  • Communitarization of policies

  • Transfer of competences from MS to EU

  • Progressivedecentralizationwithin the memberstates

  • More competences to regions (federalism/devolution/decentralisation)

  • TechnologicalDevelopment

  • Need for more for knowledge, technology and quality

  • SocialChanges

  • More complexity and fragmentation


Regional action for the growth and job policy the emilia romagna approach

the context for regions

  • Vague task for the regional action in implementing Lisbon Strategy whit the emergence of a new Governance to deliver the LS

  • Involvement of regions in drafting national reference programs.

  • Weakness of the Open Method of Coordination

  • that merely involves MS. Regions need a new multi-level approach to be more proactive towards a decision making process


Regional action for the growth and job policy the emilia romagna approach

the regional dimension

  • Enhancement the regional dimension in the Lisbon Strategy can lead to:

  • Better involvement of relevant stakeholders

  • Improved ownership of the concept of social and economic growth

  • Better regulation

  • Quality of policy making


The case of emilia romagna key figures

the case of Emilia-Romagna: key figures

  • Area: 22,120 km2

  • Population: 4,150,000

  • Per capita GDP: 29,000 €

  • Unemployment rate: 3,1%

  • Municipalities: 341


Regional action for the growth and job policy the emilia romagna approach

PIACENZA

PARMA

FERRARA

REGGIO EMILIA

RAVENNA

MODENA

BOLOGNA

FORLI’

RIMINI

some more information

the regional capital

+ 8 main cities

Enterprises: 415.000

Main economic Sectors:

agricultural

mechanical-engineering

industrial machinery (packaging)

furnishing (wood factory)

construction

fashion (knitwear factory)

health (biomedical cluster)


Population spreading

population spreading


The distribution of economic activities

the distribution of economic activities


Social system and quality of life

social system and quality of life

why is it a Model?

universities and research centers in Emilia-Romagna

economic system

production system


Social system and quality of life1

social system and quality of life

high standard of living and a widespread network for social services

high level social system

strong social economic cohesion

relevant role of the local authorities and strong public private partnership: effective governance


Universities and research centers

universities and research centers

  • 5 Universities (Bologna, Parma, Ferrara, Modena & Reggio Emilia, Piacenza)

  • 161.990 students

  • the University of Bologna is the oldest in all over the world (1088 A.D). It is the largest university with more that 100.000 students

  • 308 research centres (292 university centers, 16 non-university centre) localized in all the region; they represent 8,3% of the Italian centers

  • 5.600 research workers in the universities

  • 1.400 research workers in national research centers


Economic system

economic system

innovation technology and knowledge

good infrastructure

high employment rate

strong entrepreneurial system

developed and consolidated “production districts”: the original "Emilia-Romagna Model”, characterized by a widespread and highly active system of small and medium-size enterprises

co-operation between representatives of Local Authorities and private business operators, also represented by trade and business associations

an extensive network of  “Service Centers” and Business Service Agencies, Business Innovation Centers


Production system

production system

  • point of excellence both in agricultural and industrial clusters

  • high quality agriculture and agro-industry in the whole region

  • European Food Safety Agency (EFSA) headquarter

  • advanced R&D in motor and mechanics (Ferrari, Ducati, Maserati, Malaguti, Lamborghini, VM motors,…) and industrial machinery

  • industrial districts = sector clusters (furnishing, fashion and biomedical …)


Regional action for the growth and job policy the emilia romagna approach

the strategic approach of Emilia-Romagna

“Concertazione” = Emilia-Romagna method of coordination

from dictionarybook:

to prepare something together with others.

To take decisions (particularly in the socio-economic field) through large partnerships and agreements.

Participation

Responsibility

Effectiveness


The governance instrument for improving growth and job in emilia romagna

the governance instrument for improving growth and job in Emilia-Romagna

  • in 2004, February 18th

  • 19 representative /actors = Regional government of Emilia-Romagna, local authorities, entrepreneur ‘s associations, trade unions, regionalchambers of commerce

  • signed a pact

  • for quality growth, competitiveness, sustainable development and social cohesion in Emilia-Romagna


Regional action for the growth and job policy the emilia romagna approach

a pact for quality of growth and cohesion /1

task of the agreement:

  • to strengthen cooperation between institutions and civil society

  • to share strategies and commitment on major economic and social issues, for the next four years (2004-2008).


Regional action for the growth and job policy the emilia romagna approach

a pact for quality of growth and cohesion /2

contents of the agreement:

common agenda on…

  • economic growth and regional networks

  • welfare

  • immigration

  • human capital

  • environment


Why a pact

why a pact?

our economy has entered a period of stagnation, we need to act upon this immediately

we would like to tackle the new challenge of the global market

how?

  • a new technological competitiveness of productive systems

  • a stronger promotion of the service industry

  • change in life style and in the labor social organization

  • a new governance of the demographic changeover and of migratory movement

  • taking into account of the new needs for an effective sustainable development


Going beyond

going beyond

the issue of the Parmalat industry and the more general economic stagnation, also force a deep review of the relation between:

  • manufacturing production and financial system

  • banks and enterprises

  • saving and investment

so,

in short, we need also to commit the banks and the financial system


Regional action for the growth and job policy the emilia romagna approach

contact us

Regione Emilia-Romagna

Ms Cannellini Lucia

European PoliciesOffice

Viale Aldo Moro, 52 – 40127 Bologna (IT)

phone+39 051 639 5650

e-mail [email protected]

Mr Piccinetti Leonardo

Brussels Liaison Office

Avenue de l’Yser 19 B-1040 – Brussels (B)

phone +32.2.732.30.90

e-mail [email protected]


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