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Present Tense of -ar Verbs. P. 84 Realidades 1. VERBS. A verb usually names the action in a sentence. We call the verb that ends in -r the INFINITIVE. VERBS. The INFINITIVE is the form you would find in a Spanish dictionary. In English it means “to + (verb) ”. Enseñar Estudiar Hablar

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Presentation Transcript
verbs
VERBS
  • A verb usually names the action in a sentence.
  • We call the verb that ends in -r the INFINITIVE
verbs1
VERBS
  • The INFINITIVE is the form you would find in a Spanish dictionary.
  • In English it means
  • “to + (verb)”
these are some infinitives you already know
Enseñar

Estudiar

Hablar

Bailar

Cantar

Dibujar

Escuchar

These are some INFINITIVES you already know:
  • Esquiar
  • Jugar
  • Montar
  • Nadar
  • Pasar tiempo
  • Patinar
  • And several more!
in spanish
IN SPANISH:
  • The last letter or letters of the verb tell you who does the action.
in spanish1
IN SPANISH:
  • To change an INFINITIVE to a form that tells who is doing the action, remove the -ar and add the appropriate ending.
in spanish2
IN SPANISH:
  • This action is called CONJUGATION
to study english
I study

You study

He

She studies

it

We study

They study

TO STUDY (English)
estudiar spanish
Yo estudio

Tú estudias

Ud.

Él estudia

Ella

Nosotrosestudiamos

Nosotras

Vosotrosestudiáis

Vosotras

Uds.

Ellosestudian

Ellas

ESTUDIAR (Spanish)
stem ending
STEM / ENDING
  • For every INFINITIVE in Spanish there is a STEM and an ENDING.
stem ending1
STEM / ENDING
  • For example, for “estudiar,”…”estudi” is the stem.
  • “ar” is the ending.
stem ending2
STEM / ENDING
  • So, the endings for -ar verbs are:
  • o, as, a, amos, áis, an
vosotros
VOSOTROS
  • Verb forms ending in áis, such as estudiáis, are used mainly in the country of Spain.
slide14

Let’s CONJUGATE

Some more -ar verbs!

tocar
Yo toco

Tú tocas

Ud.

Él toca

Ella

Nosotros tocamos

nosotras

Vosotros tocáis

vosotras

Uds.

Ellos tocan

Ellas

TOCAR
ense ar
Yo enseño

Tú enseñas

Ud.

Él enseña

Ella

Nosotros enseñamos

Vosotros enseñáis

Uds.

Ellos enseñan

Ellas

Enseñar
negating a sentence
NEGATING A SENTENCE
  • When you want to say that you do not do something, use no before the verb form
negating a sentence1
NEGATING A SENTENCE
  • Yono cocino en la clase de educaciónfísica.

(I do NOT cook in Phys. Ed. Class.)

asking a question
ASKING A QUESTION
  • When we ask a question in Spanish, we usually put the subjectafterthe verb or sometimes at the end of the sentence.
asking a question1
ASKING A QUESTION
  • ¿CocinaJuan en la clase de ciencias?
  • ¿Estudiamucho Paulina?
  • Verb Subject
slide21

El

fin

ad