Demonstrative interrogative relative and indefinite pronouns
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Demonstrative, interrogative, relative, and indefinite pronouns. Demonstrative Pronouns. A demonstrative pronoun points out a person, a place, a thing, or an idea.

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Demonstrative, interrogative, relative, and indefinite pronouns

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Demonstrative interrogative relative and indefinite pronouns

Demonstrative, interrogative, relative, and indefinite pronouns


Demonstrative pronouns

Demonstrative Pronouns

  • A demonstrative pronoun points out a person, a place, a thing, or an idea.

  • NOTE: A demonstrative pronounmust take the place of a noun or pronoun – it cannot appear right in front of a noun or pronoun.

    • So, if you replaced a demonstrative pronoun with a noun, the sentence should still make sense.


Demonstrative pronouns1

Demonstrative Pronouns

  • There are only four words in the English language that are used as demonstrative pronouns.

  • They are:

    ThisThatTheseThose


How they re used

How they’re used

  • Examples of demonstrative pronouns:

    • This is the best meal I have ever had.

    • Please put the books on top of that.

    • After dinner, can you wash these?

    • Can you give me the names of those who were absent?


Demonstrative pronoun or not

Demonstrative pronoun or not?

  • Determine if there are demonstrative pronouns in the following sentences.

    • That was a great volleyball game.

    • This table is wobbly and needs to be balanced.

    • Please put the fork on the left of that plate.

    • I hope they remember to bring that.


Interrogative pronouns

Interrogative Pronouns

  • An interrogative pronoun introduces a question.

  • NOTE: An interrogative pronounmust take the place of a noun or pronoun – it cannot appear right in front of a noun or pronoun.


Interrogative pronouns1

Interrogative Pronouns

  • There are only five words in the English language that are used as interrogative pronouns.

  • They are:

    WhatWhichWhoWhomWhose

  • Note: Technically, you can add “-ever” to the end of each of these five and then we have ten possible interrogative pronouns, not five.


Demonstrative interrogative relative and indefinite pronouns

Note

  • Interrogative pronoun, like all pronouns, must take the place of a noun or pronoun.

  • Therefore, if we turn a question into a statement, we should be able to replace an interrogative pronoun what a noun or pronoun.

  • Therefore, a word like why can’t be interrogative, because we could never answer a why? question with just a noun or pronoun.


How they re used1

How they’re used

  • Examples of interrogative pronouns:

    • What is the capital of Missouri?

    • Which of these is your favorite?

    • Who played quarterback in the game last night?

    • Whom did she give the note to?

    • Whose is this?


Interrogative pronoun or not

Interrogative pronoun or not?

  • Which magazine would you rather read?

  • Who went to the meeting last night?

  • Why is there mud all over the room?

  • When do you want to work on the project?

  • Whom are you going to the dance with?

  • What is your sister’s name?

  • Which of these shirts do you like best?

  • Which shirt do you like the best?


Relative pronouns

Relative Pronouns

  • A relative pronoun introduces a subordinate clause.

  • A subordinate clause must contain a subject and a verb (just like a sentence), but cannot stand on its own as a sentence.

    • A subordinate clause needs the other words around it to make a complete sentence.


Relative pronouns1

Relative Pronouns

  • There are five words that commonly serve as relative pronouns. They are:

    ThatWhichWhoWhomWhose

  • BE CAREFUL! Four of these same words can also be interrogative pronouns.


What this looks like in a sentence

What this looks like in a sentence

  • In the following sentences, the relative pronoun is in bold, and the entire subordinate clause is underlined.

    • The one over there is the cake that Ashley baked.

    • The new building, which was just built five years ago, already looks old.

    • Collin is the player who scored the winning touchdown.

    • The man whom you are looking for is over there.

    • The person whose car this is will be angry when he sees what happened.


Relative pronoun or not

Relative pronoun or not?

  • The planets which make up our solar system all revolve around the sun.

  • Which of these movies do you like the best?

  • The man whom I talked to said that our team won.

  • That is the first house I ever lived in.

  • That is the woman who helped my sister fix a flat tire.


Relative pronoun or not1

Relative pronoun or not?

  • The Statue of Liberty, which is in New York, was given as a gift from France.

  • Whom were you talking to on the phone?

  • Whose house were you at last night?

  • I hope that I win the race tomorrow.

  • Our neighbor’s dog, whose bowl is always empty, is really overweight.


Indefinite pronouns

Indefinite Pronouns

  • An indefinite pronoun refers to a person, a place, a thing, or an idea that may or may not be specifically named.

  • As with other pronouns, be very careful: indefinite pronouns will never appear directly before a noun or pronoun.


Our indefinite pronouns

Our indefinite pronouns

  • There are many indefinite pronouns in English. Some of the most common are:

    AllBothEverythingNeitherOther

    AnotherEachFewNobodySeveral

    AnyEach otherManyNoneSome

    AnybodyEitherMoreNo oneSomebody

    AnyoneEverybodyMostNothingSomeone

    AnythingEveryoneMuchOneSomething


What this looks like

What this looks like

  • Nobody at the movie had a good time.

  • Both of the students were sent to the office.

  • We don’t have anything to eat for dinner.

  • Much of our time was wasted in the meeting.

  • I gave a gift to everyone there.


What this looks like1

What this looks like

  • They have taken all of the paintings to the art room.

  • I only had a chance to look at some of the stories.

  • Many of my family members will be at the dinner.

  • We hope that everyone will be there.

  • The umpires talked to each other to figure out the correct call.


Indefinite pronoun or not

Indefinite pronoun or not?

  • Anybody can come to tutoring for extra help.

  • I need you to take everything and put it in the closet.

  • Nothing is going right for me today.

  • Many bands will be at the music festival.

  • More money is needed before we can afford the new uniforms.


Indefinite pronoun or not1

Indefinite pronoun or not?

  • Someone in my class left their notebook.

  • Neither of those is the correct answer.

  • Few of the sandwiches look fresh.

  • Several students did well on the quiz yesterday.

  • Nobody in my class could help answer the question.


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