The danakil the horn of africa
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THE DANAKIL The Horn of Africa. WHO ARE THE DANAKIL?. Cushite ethnic group residing in the Danakil Desert they prefer to be known as the Afar which means "The Best" or "First” Population: about 1,5 million two sub-groups: the Asayahamara ("red ones"), and the Adoyahmara ("white ones").

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THE DANAKIL The Horn of Africa

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The danakil the horn of africa

THE DANAKILThe Horn of Africa


Who are the danakil

WHO ARE THE DANAKIL?

Cushite ethnic group residing in the Danakil Desert

they prefer to be known as the Afar which means "The Best" or "First”

Population: about 1,5 million

two sub-groups: the Asayahamara ("red ones"), and the Adoyahmara ("white ones")


The danakil the horn of africa

WHAT LANGUAGE DO THEY SPEAK?

  • the language is called Afar

  • it has four distinct dialects: Northern, Central, Aussa, and Baadu

  • Literacy rate: 1%


The danakil the horn of africa

WHERE DO THEY COME FROM?

  • The earliest written mention: 13th century by the Arab writer ibn Sa'id


Where do they live

WHERE DO THEY LIVE?

  • They are nomadic pastoralists (raising goats, sheep and cattle) in the Danakil Desert which extends in 4 countries:

    - Djibouti

    - Somalia

    - Ethiopia

    - Eritrea


How do they live

HOW DO THEY LIVE?

  • They live in camps surrounded by thorn barricades

  • The society is ruled by sultanates

  • The asaimara ('reds') are the politically dominant class

  • the adoimara ('whites') are the working class


How is their home

HOW IS THEIR HOME?

they build semi-permanent locations

they live in tent houses known as an 'ari'

women run the home and settlement and set up the houses


What do they wear

WHAT DO THEY WEAR?

  • women traditionally wear a headscarf called a 'shash'

  • most women don`t wear breast coverings

  • Their clothes are very colorful


How is their family

HOW IS THEIR FAMILY?

  • The tribes lay great stress on a man's toughness, strength and bravery

  • Descent is traced through the male line

  • marriages are usually monogamous

  • Divorce rates are high

  • Girls marry as early as 10

  • Marriages between first cousins are preferred

  • Circumcision is practiced for both boys and girls


What do they eat

WHAT DO THEY EAT?

  • Meat and milk are the major components of the Danakil diet

  • Other foods: fish, sour milk, porridge, wheat pancakes, red pepper,butter


What do they believe

WHAT DO THEY BELIEVE?

  • 99.9% - Sunni Muslim

  • less than 1% - Christians

  • The brand of Islam they practice is heavily syncretic and includes many elements of their indigenous religion


What are their problems

WHAT ARE THEIR PROBLEMS?

  • One of the most serious problems in Djibouti is droughand high temperatures

  • The second equally serious problem is the political pressureand local wars


Are they hospitable

ARE THEY HOSPITABLE?

  • They are know for their hostility to strangers

  • When crossing their territory one must ask for permission

  • They are very hospitable once they know you


Poetic life

POETIC LIFE

  • The Afar are oral people - they pass along their history in recitations

  • Women are the musicians of the village


What is the climate like

WHAT IS THE CLIMATE LIKE?

  • one of the hottest places on Earth (Africa`s hottest region)

  • temperatures: 77 °F (rainy season) to 118 °F (dry season

  • no rain for 3/4 of the year


Geographic facts

GEOGRAPHIC FACTS

  • salt and mangrove forests

  • salt deposits of up to 3 miles thick

  • Erta Ale - a shieldvolcano

    which makes a lava lake


The danakil the horn of africa

GEOGRAPHIC FACTS

The region is famos for the impressive

lava structures


The danakil the horn of africa

GEOGRAPHIC FACTS

Danakil region used to be part of the Red Sea


Recent history

RECENT HISTORY

  • 1991 - victory of the Tigray Peoples Liberation Front

  • 1997 - Ethiopian troops occupied Eritrea

  • 2000 - Ethiopia launched an invasion on Eritrea

  • 2002 - the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission of Hague awarded the Danakil Depression to Ethiopia.


Political leadership

POLITICAL LEADERSHIP

  • The country is led by sultanes who are appointed by the people

  • There are four sultanates:

    - Aussa (Ethiopia)

    - Biru (Ethiopia)

    - Tajoura (Djibouti)

    - Raheito (Djibouti)


Ethiopia on a 100 birr note

Ethiopia on a 100 birr note


Visiting the danakil

VISITING THE DANAKIL

  • Djibouti is a place where few people have set foot

  • It has wide open spaces and a breath-taking scenery

  • Apocalyptic landscape

  • it is sometimes referred to as the ‘Cradle of Humanity’


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