rhetorical devices and figures of speech
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
RHETORICAL DEVICES AND FIGURES OF SPEECH

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 25

RHETORICAL DEVICES AND FIGURES OF SPEECH - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 163 Views
  • Uploaded on

RHETORICAL DEVICES AND FIGURES OF SPEECH. Following is a list of stylistic devices that writers can use for various purposes. It can impress people if you can recognise and identify some of these and such recognition can alert you to what a writer is trying to achieve:.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' RHETORICAL DEVICES AND FIGURES OF SPEECH' - hayes


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide2
Following is a list of stylistic devices that writers can use for various purposes. It can impress people if you can recognise and identify some of these and such recognition can alert you to what a writer is trying to achieve:
slide3
Repetition: as the name suggests, using the same word, phrase or structure repeatedly for emphatic effect, often but not only in poetry:
  • What rubbish you talk, what drivel, what brainless garbage!
slide4
Irony: the main meaning of irony in writing is where the writer means the opposite of what he/she actually says (verbal irony):
  • Isn’t the Scottish education system wonderful?
slide5
Situational irony might be defined as where a very bad situation overlaps with a more pleasant situation, but one which fails to compensate for the bad situation.
  • The doctor tells you you are not dying and you are so pleased that you run out into the road and get killed by a bus.
slide7
Alliteration: where a group of words all begin with the same sound, to generally emphatic ends:
  • You muddling, malingering malefactors!
slide8
Oxymoron: the juxtaposition of two apparently paradoxical words, with the effect of drawing the reader’s attention and making them realise the truth contained therein:
  • Parting is such sweet sorrow.
slide9
Rhetorical question: a question which either requires no answer
  • Are you completely mad?
  • or which has the purpose of allowing the writer to provide the answer
  • So what are we to do about this? Let me tell you...
slide10
Bathos: deliberate anticlimax, usually, but not always, for humorous effect:
  • He returned from the war with medals, glory and a strong desire for a cold beer.
slide11
Antithesis: the placing of conflicting ideas alongside each other to sharpen meaning:
  • A fool trusts everyone; a wise person trusts herself alone.
slide12
Cliché: overused and hackneyed expression and as such to be avoided- at the end of the day, it was a game of two halves- although the sophisticated can have some fun playing with cliches. Films such as Naked Gun mock the cliches of the police thriller, for example.
slide13

Emotive language: language designed to stir the emotions rather than the brain. Politicians are expert in the use of this- listen to Tony Blair- but there is nothing wrong with it as such. Language which is matter of fact is called referential language.

  • The scumbag has sold the jerseys and his name will live for ever in the lists of infamy.
  • The player has committed an error and the fans are somewhat annoyed.
slide14
Euphemism: a “nice” way of putting something unpalatable.
  • The company is downsizing (we’re giving you the bullet)
  • While going to powder her nose she popped her clogs.
slide15
Idiom: an expression in a language which is not to be taken literally and therefore which often confuses foreigners. Often a cliche also. Almost always a metaphor.
  • The headmaster was caught with his hand in the till. (What teel ees zees?)
slide16
Invective: very emotive language, always with the purpose of expressing utter fury about some issue. The Reverend Ian Paisley is a rich mine of invective:
  • To allow the murdering scum of Sinn Feinn/IRA to sit round the democratic conference table...(all in a very loud voice).
slide17
Metaphor: which you all know...but just in case, an implicit comparison between two things:
  • Anyone caught with fireworks will get a rocket.
  • If it’s not metaphorical, it’s literal:
  • He went to the shop and got a rocket.
slide18
Metonymy: getting complicated here: the use of an attribute or quality of something instead of that something:
  • I really like Shakespeare. (No you don’t- he’s dead. You like his plays...?)
slide19
Onomatopoeia: which you all know... but just in case, where the sound of a word or group of words mimics the meaning:

The fair breeze blew, the white foam flew,

The furrow followed free...

slide20
Paradox: normally, two ideas which cannot be held together. In writing, often a turn of phrase which suggests two irreconcilable ideas which on closer inspection prove to go together. A kind of extended oxymoron:
  • She was concentrating very hard on being relaxed.
slide21
Personification: giving the inanimate some human qualities, such as calling ships “she”. In narrative, it is often used to create an expressionist effect, where the reader sees everything through the eyes of a character, not necessarily the narrator:
  • The windows of the house stared menacingly towards their party...
slide22
Litotes: deliberate understatement, often for ironic effect, usually involving a negative or double negative:
  • I was not undrunk on the night in question...
slide23
Tone: very important, this one. The way in which a text conveys the mood of the writer, the counterpart of tone-of-voice in speech. The two main divisions are between formal and informal tone, but it can be friendly, hostile, humorous or whatever. The question is- how do you know, from the writer’s language, what the tone is.
slide24
Synecdoche: the use of the part for the whole:

We need more hands in the kitchen...

slide25
Zeugma: when one verb governs two objects of different types, used usually for humorous effect:
  • As an artist, he drew many fine pictures and a dole cheque each week.
ad